SCIENCE

AND

ETHICS
SHARIQ QAYYUM

INTRODUCTION :
 Science and technology is the driving force and foundation of modern civilization. Present scientific revolution has started the technological revolution and industrial revolution Modern science and technology has brought about improvement in agriculture, health care and quality of life. IT, life sciences and biotechnology, etc have brought human into an era of global and knowledge-based economy.

Modern science and technology has opened a new era of harmonious and sustainable development of human with nature.

DEVELOPMENT IN SCIENCE HAS MADE OUR LIFE A LOT MORE COMFORTABLE AND TECHONOLOGY IS PROGRESSING DAY BY DAY BUT WITH THE TIME IT HAS ALSO GENERATED SOME VERY CRITICAL ETHICAL

ISSUES.

LIFE SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
Life sciences and biotechnology will bring about new revolutionary changes to agriculture and healthcare. Meanwhile, the advancement and extensive application of industrial and eco-environmental biotechnology will lead to the advent of Bio-economy era .

ETHICAL ISSUES :
However, ethical problems such as individual life code disclosure, difficulty in definition of individual’s social attribution, new threat to human genetic and development health, etc.

NANOTECHONOLOGY
The Achievements of nanotechnology may further change the industries of information, electronics, manufacture, chemical process, pharmaceuticals, materials and environmental protection etc.

ETHICAL ISSUES:

Some nano powder have special toxicity , nano particles and nano carbon tube may trigger cancer and could penetrate animal’s bloodbrain barrier, and the waste disposal of nano materials may bring us to face new problems.

COGNITIVE SCIENCE
Progress of cognitive science will possibly trigger revolutionary changes for computer, communication, brain/nervous science, and even learning and education, Providing more effective means for the well-being and development of human brain and neural system, and the prevention and cure of mental diseases.

ETHICAL ISSUES:

However, improper use of cognitive science may lead to control of man’s behavior, sensibility and thought such as inducement, cognition inducement, psychological etc and cause serious ethical problems such as illegal infringement on human rights such as privacy and selfdetermination of behavior, etc.

SPACE TECHONOLOGY :
Advanced and extensive application of space technology (GIS,GPS,RS) has expanded human’s visions of cognition, promoted developing the earth, resource and environmental science, provided the technological support for agriculture, monitoring the eco-environmentals, forecasting climate change and natural disaster, and creation of a digital earth.

ETHICAL ISSUES: But under modern space supervision, it’s difficult to keep individual privacy and confidentiality of commercial info, so countries possessing space supervision technologies inevitably have information advantages, thus causing new ethical problems such as dissymmetry of information, unfair of development, etc.

CHEMICAL SCIENCE
Chemical science had contributed a lot to the agriculture, pharmacology, polymer science etc and is involved in almost all synthetic industrial productions.

ETHICAL ISSUES: But there are some ethical issues that emerged because of these chemical uses such as their use in chemical warfare , toxicity ,contamination of drinking water

CONCLUSION :
Scientists should not only have the interest and passion for creation, but also carry the social responsibility. In scientific innovations,     we should respect life whether its human or not . we should respect nature and natural laws . we should respect the human rights fairly. we should respect dignity of human (including those of different ethnic groups, genders, ages and with different beliefs).

we should protect eco-systems and environment, and realize
harmonious coexistence and sustainable evolution between man and nature.

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