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Types of Spoken Language

What are the differences between Monologue & Dialogue ?


Monologue Planned eg: speeches and other prewritten material Unplanned eg: impromptu lectures and long stories in conversation.


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Dialogue Interpersonal Unfamiliar Familiar Transactional Familiar Unfamiliar

Types of Classroom Speaking Performance
Imitative  Intensive  Responsive  Transactional (dialogue)  Interpersonal (dialogue)  Extensive (monologue)

Micro skills of Oral Communication
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Produce spoken language in various lengths. Pronunciation - clear & phonetically correct. Produce English stress patterns, words in stressed and unstressed positions, rhythmic structure, and intonational contours. Use - adequate number of lexical units (words) for pragmatic purposes.

Produce fluent speech at different rates of delivery. Monitor - oral production Use correct grammatical word classes (nouns, verbs, etc.), and systems (e.g., tense, agreement, pluralization), etc. Produce speech - in appropriate phrases.

Express a particular meaning in different grammatical forms.

Accomplish - appropriate communicative functions :

situations, participants, and goals.

Use appropriate and pragmatic conventions, & other sociolinguistic features in face-to-face conversations. Convey links and connections between events and communicate such relations in the writing.

Use facial features, body language, and other nonverbal cues along with verbal language to convey meanings.

Employ - speaking strategies.

Principles For Designing Speaking Techniques

Use various techniques that cover the spectrum of learner needs. Provide intrinsically motivating techniques. Encourage the use of authentic language in meaningful contexts. Provide appropriate feedback and correction

Integrate speaking and listening skills. Give learners opportunities to speak.

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Encourage the development of speaking strategies.

Things to Consider :
As a teacher, you need to plan your lesson :

Main Syllabus,


Sub-Topics & Specific Language Skills.
Main Objective(s) based on the materials, Methods & Techniques.

Some Interactive Techniques or Classroom Activities : Interviews (Role-Play)  Guessing Games  Jigsaw tasks (Group Work)  Ranking exercises (Opinion based)  Discussions (Group Work - Sharing of Information)
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Values clarification (Expressing of views, Giving Opinion/Ideas)

Problem Solving Activities (Group Work)  Simulation (based on a situational event),…etc.
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- Some of these activities are useful for specific practice of language skills.