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SCOPE OF THE PRESENTATION
1.Nature of Forestry Crimes 2.Trend of forestry crimes 3.Challenges faced in law enforcement 4.Proposed strategies in dealing with challenges
NATURE OF FORESTRY CRIMES
1.Mining and quarrying in a forest 2.felling,cutting,injuring forest produce 3.Presence in a forest 4.Erecting a building ,enclosure for livestock in a forest 5.Smocking and lighted material in a forest 6.Unlawful grazing in a forest. 7.Clearing a forest unlawfully.
8.Cultivating forestland unlawfully 9.Entering a closed forest area unlawfully 10.Collecting bee’s products unlawfully 11. Constructing a road in a forest unlawfully 12.Setting fire to a forest. 13.Introducing Logging equipments and tools unlawfully 14.Boundery marks,signs,signposts destruction.
15. Unlawfully affixing marks such as revenue stamps, selection stamps on forest produce. 16.Altering documents, or stamps affixed upon forest produce. 17.Defacing stamps affixed on forest produce. 18.Unlawfully concealing, or removing tree-stamps to conceal illegal logging. 19.Unlawfully Wearing uniform, badges and marks used exclusively by the K.F.S. 20.Counterfeiting documents.
21.Issuing false document eg Permits. 22.Dealing in Protected tree species. 23.Breach of conditions of licenses/Permits. 24.Failure to comply with lawful orders issued by a forest officers. Section 50 of the Act. 25.Unlawful Making ,or possession of charcoal 26.Hunting animals, possession of traps,poisonous material
27.Unlawfully introducing exotic genetic material, or invasive plants into a forest. 28.Dumping waste into a forest. 29.Narcotic drugs growing in a forest. 30.Export of forest produce without a licence.
CASES PROSECUTED IN 2011 Total cases------------------------------489 Persons arrested----------------------832 Finalised cases-------------------------304 Pending Before Court----------------185 Cedar posts impounded—------14,394 (posts) Bags of charcoal impounded-----2,082 Logs(mixed species)------------------917 Timber(tons)---------------------------245
CHALLENGES IN LAW ENFORCEMENT
1.VASTNESS OF THE FORESTS AS COMPARED WITH THE MANNING LEVEL. • KFS is aspiring to reach the standard manning level of 1:450 (One ranger for 450 ha) • The current manning level is 1 ranger for 800 ha. • The shortfall is very big. 2.INFRUSTRUCTURE • No sufficient roads network inside the forest . • Difficult terrain for foot patrols. • Dense forests—eg bamboo difficult to penetrate through.
3.POROUS BOUNDERIES Not all forests are fenced. Effects---Unchecked access by criminals eg • land grabbing • Illegal loggers • hunters • honey gathers • canabis growers • dumping waste And many more environmental threatening crimes
Illegal grazing: Laikipia
4.ERRORTIC RAINS; Long dry spells have caused easy spreading of forest fire whenever it occurs. Difficult to put off.
The Forests Act 2005 is recent. Hence the; • Need for public outreach which is expensive. • Need to sensitize other law enforcement agencies. • Need to sensitize judicial officers on the Act.
1.COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN FOREST ACTIVITIES AIM—To establish a symbiotic/reciprocal relationship between the local communities neighbouring the forests and the KFS. Locals form associations under the societies Act. The associations apply to KFS to be considered as Community Forest Associations (CFAs)
The CFAs to benefit at a minimal fee by; • Grazing • Cultivation • Firewood collection • Bee keeping • Tour-guiding • Selling of carvings
In Return KFS benefits by; • Revenue collection. • Fire fighting manpower. • Information on criminal activities. • Establishment and mantenance of new forest plantations. • Sustainable forest management
2. BAN ON ENDANGERED TREES
• • • • Sandalwood Red cedar Camphor Bamboo
3.REGULATIONS BY MINISTER. • These regulations have enhanced forest management. • The forest (Charcoal) harvesting Rules 2009 • The Forests (harvesting) rules 2009
STRATEGIES/SOLUTIONS cont… 4.ENHANCED TRAINING FOR ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS • Reviewing of training curriculum for enrichment. • Increasing the rangers training duration from 3months to 6 months for recruits. • Seeking for training support from Police on investigations and prosecution.
STRATEGIES/SOLUTIONS cont… 5. PARTNERSHIP WITH OTHER STAKE-HOLDERS• Seminors with judicial officers is part of KFS programme in the current reforms. • Seminors with other stake holder eg Police,DPPs office, KRA, KWS, local authorities etc.
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