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India Hydro Energy

 Hydropower is a renewable energy resource because it uses

the Earth's water cycle to generate electricity. Water evaporates from the Earth's surface, forms clouds, precipitates back to earth, and flows toward the ocean. The movement of water as it flows downstream creates kinetic energy that can be converted into electricity. 2700 TWH is generated every year. Hydropower supplies at least 50% of electricity production in 66 countries and at least 90% in 24 countries. [ii]Hydropower is by far the single largest renewable energy source in India, accounting for over 10% of total electricity generation. . While most of this energy is from large hydroelectric plants, small hydro plants (up to 25 MW capacities) have also started making a dent in India.

Potential in India
India is blessed with immense amount of hydro-electric potential and ranks 5th in terms of exploitable hydro-potential on global scenario. The basin wise assessed potential is as under :Basin/Rivers Indus Basin Ganga Basin Probable Installed Capacity (MW) 43,832 20,711

Central Indian River system

4,152

Western Flowing Rivers of southern 9,430 India Eastern Flowing Rivers of southern 14,511 India Brahmaputra Basin Total 66,065 1,58,701

Potential in Bhutan, Nepal
Bhutan and Nepal is blessed with immense amount of hydro-electric potential These are being Developed by Indian Government The basin wise assessed potential is as under :Basin/Rivers Gandak Basin(Nepal)) Kosi Basin(Nepal) Karnali Basin(Nepal) Seti Basin(Nepal) Bumtang(Bhutan) Probable Installed Capacity (MW) 15,832 25,000 30,000 15000 14,511

Tungsa(Bhutan) Total

15,000 115,000

Installed Capacity

Installed Capacity

Planwise growth and share wise Hydro Power
Installed capacity at the end of the plan(MW) Plan Period Hydro Added Total Hydel Hydro as % of total

8th Plan (1992-97) 9th Plan(1997-02 10th Plan(2002-07) 11th Plan(2007-12) 12th Plan(2012-17)

2450 4624 7862 12000 15000

21645 26269 34652 46,000 61,000

25.24 25 25 26 26

13th Plan(2017-22)

20000

81000

26

Major Hydropower generating units
NAME BHAKRA NAGARJUNA KOYNA DEHAR SHARAVATHY KALINADI SRISAILAM STATE PUNJAB ANDHRA PRADESH MAHARASHTRA HIMACHAL PRADESH KARNATAKA KARNATAKA ANDHRA PRADESH CAPACITY (MW) 1100 960 920 990 891 810 770

Top ten countries (in terms of capacity)
COUNTRY TAJIKISTAN CANADA USA BRAZIL CHINA RUSSIA NORWAY JAPAN INDIA FRANCE POWER CAPACITY (MWh) 527000 341312 319484 285603 204300 160500 121824 84500 82237 77500 INSTALLED CAPACITY (MW) 4000 66954 79511 57517 65000 44000 27528 27229 22083 77500

11Th Plan Government Sector
Developer
NHPC NHPC NHDC THDC NHPC

Basin/River
Brahmaputra Indus/Chenab Narmada Ganges Teesta

Location
Subansari Lower Baghlihar Multiple Tehri Sikkim

Capacity (MW)
2000 1000 1250 1250 1250

NHPC
SEB

Wangchu
Pan India

Bhutan
Pan India

2000
100

11Th Plan Private Sector
Developer
Energy Infratech Lanco GMR Jaypee Malana GVK

Basin/River
Ganges/Teesta Indus/ Chenab Ganges Indus/Chenab Indus/Beas Ganges

Location
Sikkim Himachal Uttaranchal Karcham Wangtoo AD Hydro Uttaranchal Pan India

Capacity (MW)
1200 300 300 1000 500 300 200

Other Developers Pan India

12Th Plan Government Sector
Developer
NHPC

Basin/River
Brahmaputra/ Lohit Brahmaputra/

Location
Dibang 3000

Capacity (MW)

NHPC
NHPC NHPC NHPC Ganges Indus/Chenab Multiple

Loktak
Kotli Bel Kashmir Bhutan

1000
1000 1000 3000

12Th Plan Private Sector
Developer Basin/River Location
Lohit 3500

Capacity (MW)

Energy Infratech Brahmaputra

Jaypee
Reliance Power Jindal

Indus/Chenab
Brahmaputra Brahmaputra

Chenab
Siyom Subansari

1000
1000 2000

13Th Plan Government Sector
Developer
NHPC NHPC NHPC SEB NHPC NTPC

Basin/River
Indus/Jhelum Brahmaputra Ganges Multiple Bhutan Brahmaputra

Location
Jammu Kashmir 2000 Upper Subansari 1200 Uttaranchal Pan India Multiple Dibang 1000 1000 1000 4000

Capacity (MW)

13Th Plan Private Sector
Developer Basin/River Location
Tawang
Ladakh Tawang Multiple

Capacity (MW)
1500
1000 3000 2000

Energy Infratech Brahmaputra
Jaypee Reliance Power Others Indus Brahmaputra Multiple

Market Share Government Private Players in Next 10 Years`11
 60 % of Hydel Power in Government Share
 40% of Hydel Power in Private Share  Private Players –looking For Strategic EPC Players  Specialist in Tunneling, Pressure Shafts

Major Consultants in Hydel
 SMEC
 Mott McDonald  WAPCOS

Major Players in EPC Hydel Projects
 L&T
 JP  HCC  Gammon  Patel Engineering

They has axcess of 65% market share of all Hydel(Civil) Government Contracts. Strengths- Design ,Engineering & Construction team active in all spheres of Hydro

Electromechanical section of Hydro
 Alstom
 ABB  Siemens  BHEL  Mitsibushi

They have 100% market share of all Electromechanical work of Hydel projects

Foreign firms act in JV or independent
 Alpine
 Samsung  Robbins

New Players in Civil Section of Hydel projects
 SEW+ Foreign Partner  IVRCL+ Foreign Partner  SOMA+ Foreign Partner  SSJV+ Foreign Partner

Opportunities For Isolux Corsan
 Electro Mechanical Design Execution  Strategic Tie Up For Civil Works

Typical Split Of Opportunities
 Concrete Dam
 Head Race Tunnel  Surge Tunnel  Pressure Shaft  Surface Power House  Tail Race Tunnel

State Wise Numbers And Aggregate Capacity Of Shp Projects (Upto 25 Mw) Installed & Under Implementation
(AS ON 31.3.2009)

Projects Installed
Sl. No. State Nos. 1 2 3 4 5 Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chattisgarh 59 81 4 12 5 Capacity (MW) 180.83 61.32 27.1 54.6 18.05

Projects under Implementation Nos. 12 43 4 4 1 Capacity (MW) 21.5 25.94 15 3.4 1

6

Goa

1

0.05

-

-

State Wise Numbers And Aggregate Capacity Of Shp Projects (Upto 25 Mw) Installed & Under Implementation
(AS ON 31.3.2009) Projects Installed Sl. No. State Nos. 7 8 Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh J&K Jharkhand Karnataka 2 5 Capacity (MW) 7 62.7 Projects under Implementation Capacity Nos. (MW) 2 1 5.6 6

9

79

230.915

9

26.75

10 11 12

32 6 83

111.83 4.05 563.45

5 8 14

5.91 34.85 85.25

State Wise Numbers And Aggregate Capacity Of Shp Projects (Upto 25 Mw) Installed & Under Implementation
(AS ON 31.3.2009)
Projects Installed Sl. No. State Nos. 13 14 15 16 17 18 Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram 19 10 29 8 4 18 Capacity (MW) 133.87 71.16 211.325 5.45 31.03 24.47 Projects under Implementation Nos. 2 4 5 3 3 1 Capacity (MW) 3.2 19.9 31.2 2.75 1.7 8.5

19
20 21 22

Nagaland
Orissa Punjab Rajasthan

10
8 29 10

28.67
44.3 123.9 23.85

4
6 2 -

4.2
23.93 18.75 -

State Wise Numbers And Aggregate Capacity Of Shp Projects (Upto 25 Mw) Installed & Under Implementation
(AS ON 31.3.2009) Projects Installed Sl. No. State Nos. 23 24 Sikkim Tamil Nadu 16 15 Capacity (MW) 47.11 90.05 Nos. 2 4 Capacity (MW) 5.2 13 Projects under Implementation

25
26 27 28 29

Tripura
Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal A&N Islands

3
9 93 23 1

16.01
25.1 127.92 98.4 5.25

33 16 -

40.35 79.25 -

Total

674

2429.77

188

483.23

INDIA RIVER MAP

Bhutan River Map

Nepal River Map