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Pre-ADF IV Session : ICT Focus Group

Emerging Issues and Challenges of e-Governance in Africa

Officer-in-charge Development Information Services Division Economic Commission for Africa Addis Ababa

Aida Opoku-Mensah

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Presentation Outline
 ADF in General and ADF 99  AISI  Issues on ICTs and egovernance  The ICT FG Discussion List (issues & results)  What do we expect from the ICT Pre-FG and FG
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BACKGROUND African Development Forum

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 ADF  An initiative led by the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) to set up an Africa-driven development agenda.  A process of initiating dialogue, building consensus, and mobilizing partnerships on emerging issues among Africa's stakeholders.  1st ADF: 1999  4th ADF: 2004  ICT + Governanace

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What is the AISI?  Regional framework for ICT development
 launched in 1996 by African Ministers in charge of planning  endorsed by the 1996 OAU HoS Summit  welcomed during the G7+1 Denver Summit in 1997

 Designed to address Africa’s economic and social
development challenges

 AISI is:
 a vision for ICT development in Africa  series of sector applications defined according to Africa’s priorities  an implementation process, with evaluation of results & impact

 synergies created through open partnerships
 Implementing AISI:  Development of national and sectoral e-strategies, including egovernment strategies  Regional e-strategies (COMESA, ECOWAS) www.uneca.org/aisi

ICT FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSION LIST

ISSUES
 How to take the e-governance debate further to practical / ground level challenges in countries And

 Lessons learnt from the experiences of the countries in their e-govt initiatives

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RESULTS:
 POLICY ISSUES / CHALLENGES
       Commitment and Policy support from government and national leaders Internal resource / budget allocation for ICT4D programmes Human Resource Development and Management in IT Human Resources. Greater participation of Civil Society in creating awareness and mass support for ICT4D initiatives Use of e-governance as a tool for public sector reform to generate substantial progress and increased transparency and social justice Gender mainstreaming Conducive policies for greater participation of private sector in delivery of public services.

 EXPERIENCE FROM COUNTRIES
Efficient and improved management of govt fund
: IFMS in The Gambia, Kenya

National Coordination of e-Govt Initiatives
: Kenya

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EXPERIENCE FROM COUNTRIES…contd

 Communication with Citizens
 Transformation of the national Post office network into eGovernment service access points (Kenya).  E-local government initiative and touch screen kiosk on local language (Ethiopia)  E-Governance online services (Moroco)

 Stakeholders participation
Stakeholders’ forum for domain name management (Nigeria)
Political representation and elections monitoring (South Africa)

 Involving/Attracting private sector
e-Port, Cargo tracking system (Kenya), Competitive local software for internal market and exports, attracting foreign investments in IT and manufacturing (Nigeria)

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EXPERIENCE FROM COUNTRIES…contd

 Civil Society Involvement
 Civil society Watchdog through a web-based Anti Corruption Internet Database (Nigeria)  Civil society led budget transparency initiative with data on the budgets and expenditure of targeted states, public administrations, etc. (Nigeria)  Rural communities to pilot e-government exercise (Nigeria)

Human Resources in IT
Training its civil servants (Djibouti) IT Cadre (The Gambia)

 E-learning Initiatives
E-Learning programs through the Kenya Institute of Education Full sectoral e-government strategy on education (Rwanda

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What do we expect from the ADF ICT Focus Group ?
 Come up with recommendations that incorporate ICTs in the governance process  Highlight the need for political will/leadership in employing ICTs in the governance process  Identify the regulatory/legal framework issues  Stress the need for investment/financing of egovernance projects  Identify the role of the different stakeholders (CSOs, Private Sector, Academia, international community)  Action plan on Supporting, Sustaining e-Govt (activities).  Other emerging issues…Security, Data Protection
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Thank You !

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