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presented by Mr. Couturier Harrison Trimble High School

**Parts of a Right Triangle
**

B

Opposite Side

Hypotenuse

C

A

Adjacent Side

Imagine that you are at Angle A looking into the triangle. The opposite side is the side that is on the opposite side of the triangle from Angle A.

The hypotenuse will always be the longest side, and opposite from the right angle.

The adjacent side is the side next to Angle A.

**Parts of a Right Triangle
**

B

Opposite Side

Hypotenuse

C

A

Adjacent Side

Now imagine that you move from Angle A to Angle B.

From Angle B the adjacent side is the side next to Angle B.

From Angle B the opposite side is the side that is on the opposite side of the triangle.

B

Opposite Side Opposite Side

Review

For Angle A Hypotenuse This is the Opposite Side

A

Adjacent Side Adjacent Side

This is the Adjacent Side

B

Hypotenuse

For Angle B This is the Opposite Side This is the Adjacent Side

A

Trig Ratios

Using Angle A to name the sides Use Angle B to name the sides

We can use the lengths of the sides of a right triangle to form ratios. There are 6 different ratios that we can make.

B

Opposite

Hypotenuse

C Adjacent

A

The ratios are still the same as before!!

opposite hypotenuse

hypotenuse opposite hypotenuse adjacent adjacent opposite

adjacent hypotenuse opposite adjacent

Trig Ratios

• • Each of the 6 ratios has a name The names also refer to an angle

Hypotenuse Opposite Adjacent A

**Opposite Sine of Angle A = Hypotenuse
**

Adjacent Cosine of Angle A = Hypotenuse

Hypotenuse Cosecant of Angle A = Opposite

**Hypotenuse Secant of Angle A = Adjacent
**

Adjacent Cotangent of Angle A = Opposite

Opposite Tangent of Angle A = Adjacent

Trig Ratios

B

If the angle changes from A to B The way the ratios are made is the same

Hypotenuse Opposite Adjacent A

Sine of Angle A = B

Opposite Hypotenuse

Adjacent Hypotenuse

Cosecant of Angle B = A

Hypotenuse Opposite

A Cosine of Angle B =

**Hypotenuse A Secant of Angle B = Adjacent
**

Adjacent Cotangent of AngleA = B Opposite

Opposite = B Tangent of AngleA Adjacent

Trig Ratios

•Each of these ratios has an abbreviation • From now on we will focus on just the Sine, Cosine and Tangent ratios Opposite Adjacent B Hypotenuse A

**Sine of Angle A = Sin
**

Cosine of Angle A = Cos

Opposite Hypotenuse

Adjacent Hypotenuse

= Cosecant of Angle A Csc

Hypotenuse Opposite

**Hypotenuse Sec Secant of Angle A = Adjacent
**

Adjacent Cotangent of Angle A = Cot Opposite

Opposite Tan A = Tangent of Angle Adjacent

SOHCAHTOA

B Here is a way to remember how to make the 3 basic Trig Ratios 1) Identify the Opposite and Adjacent sides for the appropriate angle Hypotenuse Opposite Adjacent A

1) SOHCAHTOA is pronounced “Sew Caw Toe A” and it means Sin is Opposite over Hypotenuse, Cos is Adjacent over Hypotenuse, and Tan is Opposite over Adjacent Put the underlined letters to make SOH-CAH-TOA

**Examples of Trig Ratios
**

First we will find the Sine, Cosine and Tangent ratios for Angle P. Next we will find the Sine, Cosine, and Tangent ratios for Angle Q Remember SohCahToa P 12 Adjacent 20 Q

16 Opposite

Sin P

Cos P

Tan P

16 20

Sin Q

Cos Q

12 20 16 20 12 16

12 20 16 12

Tan Q

**Similar Triangles and Trig Ratios
**

P 20 3 Q R 16 C 4 B 5 A

12

VABC VQPR

They are similar triangles, since ratios of corresponding sides are the same Let’s look at the 3 basic Trig ratios for these 2 triangles

Sin Q

Cos Q

12 20 16 20 12 16

Sin A

Cos A

3 5 4 5 3 4

Tan Q

Tan A

Notice that these ratios are equivalent!!

**Similar Triangles and Trig Ratios
**

• Triangles are similar if the ratios of the lengths of the corresponding side are the same. • Triangles are similar if they have the same angles • All similar triangles have the same trig ratios for corresponding angles

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