This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Similar shapes

• Are Enlargements of each other • Corresponding angles are equal • Sides are related by the same scale factor

Similar Triangles

100º 50º 30º Triangles are similar if matching angles remain the same size.

100º 30º

50º

**Show that these triangles are similar
**

10º

50º

120º

120º 10º 50º

**To calculate a length
**

15 5x

5 4 6

Scale factor 3

3

15

x3

12

1 3

18

Scale factor 1/3

Harder example

A

4

D

3

E

6

C Triangle ABC is similar to triangle ADE. DE is parallel to BC. Calculate the length of BC

B

Harder example

A D

4

3

E

9 6

B

12

9 x 3

C

3

Proportions

What are proportions? - If two ratios are equal, they form a proportion. Proportions can be used in geometry when working 1 4 with similar figures.

2 = 8

1:3 = 3:9

Please remember this!!! What do we mean by similar? - Similar describes things which have the same shape but are not the same size.

Examples

These two stick figures are similar. As you can see both are the same shape. However, the bigger stick figure’s dimensions are exactly twice the smaller. So the ratio of the smaller figure to the larger figure is 1:2 (said “one to two”). This can also be written as a fraction of ½. A proportion can be made relating the height and the width of the smaller figure to the larger figure:

4 feet

8 feet

2 feet 4 ft 2 ft = 8 ft 4 ft 4 feet

**Solving Proportional Problems
**

So how do we use proportions and similar figures? Using the previous example we can show how to solve for an unknown dimension.

4 feet

8 feet

2 feet ? feet

**Solving Proportion Problems
**

First, designate the unknown side as x. Then, set up an equation using proportions. What does the numerator represent? What does the denominator represent? 4 ft 2 ft

=

8 ft x ft

4 feet

8 feet

**Then solve for x by cross multiplying: 4x = 16 X=4
**

2 feet ? feet

**Try One Yourself
**

Knowing these two stick figures are similar to each other, what is the ratio between the smaller figure to the larger figure? Set up a proportion. What is the width of the larger stick figure?

8 feet

12 feet

4 feet x feet

**Example: Finding Side Lengths on Similar Triangles
**

Write a proportion involving corresponding sides with one unknown :

• Triangles ABC and DEF are similar. Find the lengths of the unknown sides in triangle DEF.

D A 35° 32 C 112° 48 33° B

• To find side DE: 32

32

16 112° 64 F

64 16 x 32 x 1024 x 32

24

• To find side 32 48 E FE:

16 x 32 x 768 x 24

**Example: Application of Similar Triangles
**

• A lighthouse casts a shadow 64 m long. At the same time, the shadow cast by a mailbox 3 m high is 4 m long. Find the height of the lighthouse. • The two triangles are similar, so corresponding sides are in proportion, so:

3 x 4 64 4 x 192 x 48

3 4 x 64

• The lighthouse is 48 m high.

**Proportions and Triangles
**

What are the unknown values on these triangles?

First, write proportions relating the two triangles. 20 m 16 m

4m 16 m

=

3m xm

4m 16 m

=

ym 20 m

Solve for the unknown by cross multiplying. xm ym 4m 3m 4x = 48 x = 12 16y = 80 y=5

**Triangles in the Real World
**

Do you know how tall your school building is? There is an easy way to find out using right triangles. To do this create two similar triangles using the building, its shadow, a smaller object with a known height (like a yardstick), and its shadow. The two shadows can be measured, and you know the height of the yard stick. So you can set up similar triangles and solve for the height of the building.

**Solving for the Building’s Height
**

Here is a sample calculation for the height of a building: x ft 3 ft = 48 ft 4 ft

48 feet yardstick 3 feet 4 feet x feet building

4x = 144 x = 36

The height of the building is 36 feet.

- Résolution d’équations de degré 1 et rationnelle
- Résolution d’équations de degré 1 et d'équations rationnelles
- Résolution d’équations de Degré 1 Et Rationnelle
- Mise en évidence Simple
- Basic Trigonometry
- Formative Assessment Rad, Angles. Trig and Pytha
- Simplifying Radicals
- Jeopardy Transformations
- Cours Sur Les ''Quadratics''
- Functions and Relations
- Math 10 Comp Formative Test Woprequ Graph, y =Mx + b)
- Notes on How to Solve a Word Problem
- Factoring Trinomials
- Factor_difference of Squares

Sign up to vote on this title

UsefulNot useful- Similarity and Congruence - Triangles
- Perpendicular Bisector
- Construct Paperpyramid(Cheops)
- Worksheet Ch1
- Similar Shapes With Examples Pp t
- CCG_PG_Ch5_2
- ukmt 2009 junior math olympiad
- 6 Follow Me Cards
- Similar_Figures_Presentations-2012-05-04-1-slide-per-page.pdf
- Similarity[1]
- triangleis
- Finding Horizontal Asymptote
- CBSE Class X Triangles Assignment 2_0
- Geometery.pdf
- 8 Similar Triangles(2)
- Arithmetic Practice Questions
- Similar Triangles - Sample problems.doc
- 2003 KS3 Maths - Paper 2 - Level 5-7
- PartIISolns2007.pdf
- ukmog-2013.pdf
- modul
- Similar
- Review Exercise 34 (Objective)
- Similar Triangles
- 50871217-Chapter-6
- Similar Triangles
- Fri - Error Analysis
- Summative Assessment-1 Class 9 Mathematics Guess Paper-2, 2016
- 13 Triangle Constructions
- Similar Triangles + Identity
- Similar Triangles

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd