Intro to Geolog6.

Darren Smith

Geolog6.6-The Fast Lane to Formation Evaluation

Petrophysical Analysis, Well Data Management, & Geological Interpretaion

Geolog6.6-Course Objective

“This introductory course provides the geoscientist and technician with a working knowledge of Geolog. The course provides an overview of project and data structure; manual and graphic editing, data transfer, utility modules, cross-sections, working in multi-well projects and single well layouts. The course is centered around hands-on exercises, which illustrate commonly used features and functionalities”
Courses focusing on Deterministic Petrophysics, Wellbore Geophysics, Facimage, and other subjects are available. Please visit the Customer Hub to view scheduled courses.

Course Outline:
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Geolog6.6 & Well Log Anaylsis

• • •

Day One: Preliminaries: Create & manage projects. Geolog6.6 behavior. Help? Data Loading: Std. & Custom Formats Data QC & Editing: Merge, depth, & more Well Log Anaylsis

Course Outline:
• • • • •

Geolog6.6 & Well Log Analysis

• •

Day Two Project Analysis, “The Big Picture” Analyze Project Dataset Develop Project Basesmap Determine Candidate Wells for Cross Section Build, Correlate, & Interpret a Cross Section Generate Product & Present Findings . . .

Geolog6.6 Workflow by Application

Section 1. MAIN MENUGeolog6.6 Basics

Section 1. MAIN MENU-Geolog6.6 Basics
• • • • • • • • • •

Launching Geolog 1. PPM (Paradigm Product Manager) 2. Command Prompt: geolog6.6/bin/geolog6 Open Existing Project Project Structure Deregister an Existing Project Create a New Project Geolog Behavior Help Feedback

Launching Geolog6.6-Paradigm Product Manager

Geolog6.6 Splash Screen

Open an Existing Project

Project selection GUI lists projects available to the user Tabs at top can delimit project parameters Possible to search for existing projects Naming convention: project_name@host

Geolog Basics pg. 61

Geolog6.6 Project Directories
• • • • • • • • •

/Your_Project/ /bin/ executables specific to the project /data/ houses raw data files; LAS, ASCII, DLIS, TIF /layouts/ log layouts, cross plots, histograms /loglan/ log language, user created code to process logs /plots/ graphic files for plotting or other applications /reports/ pay summaries, info on data loads, .txt & .pdf /specs/ data loading specs, module parameters /wells/ well data stored as *.well & well lists

Geolog Basics pg. 6

Deregister a Project.

Useful for: • Whenever analysis is completed or abandonment occurs • Limiting load on server & network • Make the project & data less visible to others
Geolog Basics pg. 65

Deregister a Project

DOES NOT delete the data Project directories & data remain in original location Data is not visible by geolog until the project is recreated (reregistered)

Geolog Basics pg. 65

Create a New Project

• • •

All names are suitable Avoid use of “@” Use an “_” in place of spaces Public & private projects

Geolog Basics pg. 59

Geolog6.6 Behavior
• • • • • • •

• •

Supported OS’s: Solaris, Irix, Linux, Win2K/XP Geolog6.6 now runs windows native! Developed on Unix & retains Unix behavior MB1: select item MB2: drag item & duplicate MB3: options MDI-Cursor position/attribute is reflected in all open views/windows Browser Bar project influences all sub-apps Feedback

Geolog Basics pg. 7

Geolog6.6 Help

• •

Indexed online help Search for keywords & phrases in documentation Adobe6.0 recommended

Geolog Basics pg. 46

Geolog6.6 Feedback
• • •

Running dialog of all executions & errors User Configurable Great for troubleshooting

Geolog Basics pg. 35

Section 2. CONNECT Data Loading

Section 2. CONNECT-Data Loading
• • • • • • • •

Load & Unload Data to & from Geolog Projects Load Standard Formats: LAS, LIS, TIF, BIT Load Custom Formats: ASCII, Geolog ASCII Transfer Data From Project to Project Establish Mnemonic Conventions File Conversions: LAS to TIF & others Load & Unload Data to & from nonGeolog Projects (OW & Geoshare)

Connect-Unload LAS3 file


Choose: Connect-Unload

Select a Well & Unload format

Connect pg. 41

Unloading a LAS3 Format File 3

Pick sets/curves & start unload

Connect pg. 45


Load data files created in a spreadsheet application User Defined; sets, & curves

Connect pg. 25

Project to Project (copy data) 1 2
1. 2.

Choose Project to Project Select input project (stars) and desired wells to copy. Then select target project (moons).

Connect pg. 48

Project to Project (copy data) 3

Select import sets & curves
Connect pg. 48

Connect-File to File (convert file formats)

Connect pg. 51

Connect-File to File, LAS to LIS/TIF

Connect pg. 51

Section 3. WELL -Data QC

Section 3. WELL-Data QC
• • • • • • •

Create Log Layouts to View Data Append Runs/Merge Logs Despike Normalize Resample Fill Missings Environmental Corrections

Section 3. Well-Log Layout
• •

11 Track Types Datum to MD, TVD, TVDSS, etc. Use Layouts for Graphical Editing Used for Formation & Dip Editing

Well pg. 12

Merge Runs

Graphical merging of logs Merge from end to end or splice in sections of logs

Well pg. 81

Despike Logs (Curve Insert)

Smooth / despike curves with mouse graphically Module Interface: General-Log Edit-Despike

Well pg. 85

Normalize Logs-Using GR Histogram & Linear Transform

Model Well

Well to Edit w/ Ghost of Model Well

Edited Well Normalized to Model Well

(not in tutorial, see Help-Xplot, Linear Transform)

• • •

Irregularly sampled data Reduce sampling rate Reduce .well file size

Well pg. 131

Fill Missings

Performs a linear interpolation across gaps Can occur with LWD data

(not in tutorial, use Well-General-Log Edit-Fill Missings)

Environmental Corrections

Environmental corrections available for common logging tools Useful for older logs w/out corrections or as a comparison tool to achieve best correction e.g. SS/LS/DOL?

(not in tutorial, use Well-Petrophysics-Environmentals)

Section 4. WELL-Log Analysis

Section 4. Well Log Analysis
• •

Log Scanning for Zones of Interest Using Basic Well Log Analysis method of Asquith and Krygowski

Source: Basic Well Log Analysis. Asquith & Krygowski 2004

Log Scanning-Step 1. Find Clean Zones

• • • •

Mudlogs Gamma Ray SP VSH (GR & SP)

Log Scanning- Sandstones or Carbonates?

• • • •

Consult Mudlog Core Data Offset Wells Depositional Environment

Log Scanning-Resistivity

Scan Resistivity for High Values Spot Shallow & Deep Separations Invasion-Asses Permeability

Log Scanning-Evaluate Porosity

• • • • •

NPHI-Possible Gas Effect DPHI SPHI PHIE Define Zones of Interest

Section 5. SECTION Multi Well Analysis

Section 5. PROJECT-Multi-Well Anaysis
• • • •

Tool to Visualize “The Big Picture”-Mapsheet Analyze Project Dataset-Well Catalog Contour Well Data Determine Wells for Cross Section-Well Catalog & Mapsheet

Mapsheet Uses

• •

Project Overview Post/Manage Cultural Data Create XSections View Well Path projections Contour Data Graphically Select Wells to Process

Project pg. 15

Well & Section Catalog

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Text based project management Insert, copy, & delete of wells, sets, logs, & sections Search utilities Edit well header data & more

Project pg. 49

Well & Section Catalog Search Functions

• • •

Search project database for specific information Build search criteria to constrain results Uses: Flag data, specify wells to process, use as starting point for processing
Project pg. 52

Contour Well Data. (Malabar Fmn. Thickness)

Project pg. 41

Section 6. Section-Multi Well Correlation

Section 6. SECTION-Multi-Well Correlation
• • • • •

Construct a Cross Section Graphically Spatially Define a Cross Section Establish Correlations Interpret Cross Section Manipulate & Manage Existing Cross Sections

SECTION-Define a Section Graphically from Mapsheet

Insert sections using the mouse Project multiple wells to the section Well spacing is fixed

Section pg. 3-6

SECTION-Define a Section Spatially.

Allows for user defined spacing

Section pg. 11

SECTION-Establish Correlations

Correlate any tops type interpolated curves Datum to a depth or formation Structural & stratigraphic cross sections

Section pg. 15

SECTION-Add User Interpretations

Section pg. 32

Section 7. ARTIST-Graphic Utilities

Section 7. ARTIST-Graphic Utilities
• • • •

Create Standard Log Header Create Fill Pattern Create Marker Create Montages

ARTIST-Standard Well Header w/ Variable Text

Header format obtains data from active well Well header, constants, & other data is available Use header for all projects & wells
Artist pg. 45

ARTIST-Create Fill Pattern For Use in Layouts, Cross Sections, & Artist Images

Artist pg. 42

ARTIST-Create Marker For Use in Layouts (point tracks), Xplots, & Artist Images

Artist pg. 40-44

ARTIST-Create Montage to Present Findings

Artist pg. 51

Section 8. Workflow Review & Summary

Section 8. Workflow Review & Summary

Geolog6.6 Project Directories (a review)
• • • • • • • • •

/Your_Project/ /bin/ executables specific to the project /data/ houses raw data files; LAS, ASCII, DLIS, TIF /layouts/ log layouts, cross plots, histograms /loglan/ log language, user created code to process logs /plots/ graphic files for plotting or other applications /reports/ pay summaries, info on data loads, .txt & .pdf /specs/ data loading specs, module parameters /wells/ well data stored as *.well & well lists

Geolog Basics pg. 6

Section 8. The Product
• • •

Archives Means for Asset Management Standardized Data Formats-Layouts, Xplots, Histograms EPOS3 Datastore: Data is Available to All Paradigm Products

Advanced Geolog Courses Offered
• • • • • •

Deterministic Petrophysics Facimage Geomage Geophysics Geosteering Customized Training

The End. Thanks!

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