The match between Constructivism and qualitative research in exploring mathematics pedagogical issues

13 Dec 2006 Assoc. Prof Dr Fatimah Saleh Pusat Pengajian Ilmu Pendidikan

Research style
  

Aim of the research Specific analysis objective Associated research questions The preferred paradigm The degree of the desired research control

  

Level of investigator intervention Available resources The time frame aesthetics

Five aims of scientific inquiry
1. Identification 2. Description 3. Explanationgeneration

EXPLORATORY
4.Explanationtesting

5. Control

 Identification

- researchers create concept based on some ‘gut’ feelings, their own reasoning, or the literature. -to show something really exist out there - exploratory based

 Description

-qualitative description, to explore meanings or to understand the phenomena -quantitative description, refer to descriptive statistics - normative description, seeks to establish norms and value of phenomena

 Explanation-generation/association

- interpretive explanation-generate - statistical explanation-generation - deductive explanation, seek for patterns on personal experience of the phenomena under question

Constructivism
 “Theory

of knowledge with roots in philosophy, psychology and cybernetics”

Von Glasersfeld

Constructivism….philosophy to practice

A philosophy of learning founded on the premise that, by reflecting on our experiences, we construct our own understanding of the world we live in. Each of us generates our own “rules” and “mental model” which we use to make sense of our experiences. Learning, therefore, is simply the process of adjusting our mental models to accommodate new experiences.

The practice of teaching and learning
 Knowledge

is actively constructed by the learner, not passively received from the environment  How do we perceive knowledge and the process of knowing provides the basis for educational practice

How it matches?
 Paradigms,

represent a patterned set of assumptions concerning reality (ontology), knowledge about reality (epistemology), and the particular ways of knowing (methodology)

 Decide

what assumptions are acceptable and appropriate for the topic of interest

Paradigms
Materialistic inquiry, refers to knowledge that helps us maintain physical life ,our labour and technology  Constructivist inquiry (naturalistic), refers to knowledge that helps us maintain cultural life, our symbolic communication and meaning  Critical/ecological inquiry, refers to knowledge which helps us to maintain our social life, focuses on the reality of domination, distribution of power and associated inequalities

Shiva’s Circle of Constuctivist Inquiry
Investigation /design

Experience/ Anomaly

Discovery/Data collection

Interpretation/ Analysis Explanation/ Theory

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