HISTORY OF COMPUTER

HISTORY OF COMPUTER

ABACUS
◦ ULTIMATE ANCESTOR OF THE COMPUTER

CHARLES BABBAGE
◦ FATHER OF COMPUTING ◦ DIFFERENCE ENGINE ◦ ANALYTICAL ENGINE

HISTORY OF COMPUTER

DIFFERENCE ENGINE
◦ PERFORMS QUICK AND TABULAR CALCULATIONS ◦ MAY 1822 > PROTOTYPE ◦ POWERED BY STEAM

HISTORY OF COMPUTER

ANALYTICAL ENGINE
◦ FIRST EVER DEVICE THAT CAN BE CONSIDERED AS A COMPUTER ◦ 50,000 COMPONENTS ◦ JACQUARD’S PUNCHED CARDS
 1OOO NUMBERS OF UP TO 50 DECIMAL PLACES

◦ ALLOWED OUTPUT DEVICES FOR DISPLAYING RESULT

GENERATION OF COMPUTERS

GERMAN Z3
◦ DESIGNING WARPLANES AND MISSILES

COLOSSUS
◦ DECODING GERMAN COMMUNICATIONS

GENERATION OF COMPUTERS

FIRST GENERATION OF COMPUTER
◦ VACUUM TUBES

SECOND GENERATION OF COMPUTER
◦ TRANSISTORS

THIRD GENERATION OF COMPUTER
◦ INTEGRATED CIRCUIT > IC

GENERATION OF COMPUTERS

FOURTH GENERATION OF COMPUTER
◦ MICROPROCESSOR

FIFTH GENERATION OF COMPUTER
◦ ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

COMPUTER APPLICATIONS
BUSINESS  MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE  ENGINEERING  MEDICINE  EDUCATION  ENTERTAINMENT

COMPUTER

INPUT

PROCESS

OUTPUT

STORE

COMPUTER
 

HARDWARE
◦ PHYSICAL PARTS

SOFTWARE
◦ INSTRUCTIONS OR PROGRAMS THAT COMMANDS THE COMPUTER WHAT TO DO

DEFAULT
◦ ORIGINAL SETTINGS

TYPES OF COMPUTER

WORKSTATIONS
◦ PERSONAL COMPUTERS INTENDED FOR BUSINESS OR PROFESSIONAL USE

PALMTOP / HANDHELD
◦ COMPUTERS THAT FIT ENOUGH IN A USERS HAND

TABLET PC
◦ COMPUTER IN A NOTEBOOK OR SLATE FORM THAT ACCEPTS INPUT THROUGH THE USE OF TOUCH SCREEN

TYPES OF COMPUTER

MAIN FRAME
◦ INDUSTRY TERM FOR LARGE COMPUTERS THAT ARE TYPICALLY USED FOR COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS OF BUSINESS AND LARGE-SCALE COMPUTING PURPOSES

PERSONAL COMPUTER
◦ ANY GENERAL PURPOSE COMPUTER

COMPUTER TERMINOLOGIES

COMPUTER SYSTEM
◦ REFERS TO A COMPUTER AND ALL OF THE INPUT, OUTPUT, AND STORAGE DEVICES THAT ARE CONNECTED TO IT

INPUT DEVICES  OUTPUT DEVICES  STORAGE DEVICES

COMPUTER TERMINOLOGIES
DATA  INFORMATION  BIT  BYTE  CHARACTER  COMPUTER FILE

◦ DATA FILE ◦ EXECUTABLE FILE

COMPUTER TERMINOLOGIES
FILENAME EXTENSION / FILE EXTENSION  PROCESSING  COMPUTER PROGRAM / PROGRAM  CPU  MEMORY  STORAGE  OUTPUT

INFORMATION SIZE MEASUREMENTS
KILOBYTE (KB)  MEGABYTE (MB)  GIGABYTE (GB)  TERABYTE (TB)

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