GREEN ARCHITECTURE

Submitted to: Prof. Vijay Trivedi

Why Go Green ?

Green Building
"A green building is one which uses less water, optimizes energy efficiency, conserves natural resources, generates less waste and provides healthier spaces for occupants, as compared to a conventional building."

Green Building vs. Conventional Building
1) Retain the external environment at the location of the building - Land - Water - Energy 2) Improve internal environment for the occupants - Light - Air 3) Preserve the environment at places far away from the buildings - Use of Green Materials

Green Materials
• Green Wood • Green Cement • Renewable plant material like Bamboo & Straw • Lumber from forest ecology blocks • Recycled Stone • Dimension Stone

Goals of Green Building
Principles • Siting and Structure Design Efficiency • Energy Efficiency • Water Efficiency • Materials Efficiency • Indoor Environmental Quality Enhancement • Operations and Maintenance Optimization • Waste and Toxics Reduction

IGBC
The Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) opened its first chapter in Hyderabad in early 2000. CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre is the Seat of the Indian Green Building Council (IGBC). The CII is the first building in India to achieve LEED® certification (October, 2003) World’s first ‘green’ legislative assembly building in Chennai is designed and constructed based on green building principles which were inaugurated on 13th March 2010. The legislative building was the first govt. Building to be awarded with gold rating under LEED from Indian Green Building Council.

Green Building Projects in India
Suzlon Energy Limited Suzlon‟s global headquarter in Pune “One Earth” - the facility has been LEED ‘Platinum‟ rated and certified as an eco-friendly building by the Green Building Council

Rain Tree Hotels eco-sensitive hotel for the eco-savvy traveler. The entire chain of Rain tree business hotels across Chennai city are the first eco-sensitive hotels in South India.

Nokia Among India‟s most sustainable buildings is the corporate office of Nokia in Gurgaon which has been granted accreditation as one of the world‟s leading green buildings by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). This is the first time that a commercial interior fit-out project in India is being awarded the Green Building Award and prestigious LEED ‘Gold’ rating.

Rating Agencies In India
• LEED–INDIA Rating System : The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED-INDIA) Green Building Rating System is an accepted benchmark for the design, construction and operation of high performance green buildings. LEED-INDIA for New Construction

LEED INDIA for Core& Shell
Categories for Rating LEED points Sustainable site 12 Water efficiency 08 Energy and atmosphere 17 Material and resources 13 Indoor Environment Quality 15 Design process and innovation 04 Employing LEED designer 01 Total points 70

Credits under this rating system are awarded based on five categories of performance: Sustainable Sites, Energy and Atmosphere, Water Efficiency, Indoor Environmental Quality, Materials and Resources. Within each of these credit areas a project can earn a certain amount of points. Projects can earn additional points under an Innovation in Design category, through demonstrating exceptional performance above LEEDINDIA requirements. The number of points the project earns determines the level of LEED-INDIA Certification the project receives. Certification for Green Buildings

LEED Certified 26 to 32 Silver Level 33 to 38 Gold Level 40 to 52 Platinum Level 53 and above

Cont….
GRIHA is an acronym for Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment. GRIHA is a Sanskrit word meaning – „Abode‟. GRIHA attempts to minimize a building‟s resource consumption, waste generation, and overall ecological impact to within certain nationally acceptable limits benchmarks.

GRIHA is a rating tool that helps people assess the performance of their building against certain nationally acceptable benchmarks. It will evaluate the environmental performance of a building holistically over its entire life cycle, thereby providing a definitive standard for what constitutes a „green building‟. The rating system, based on accepted energy and environmental principles, will seek to strike a balance between the established practices and emerging concepts, both national and international. The guidelines/criteria appraisal may be revised every three years to take into account the latest scientific developments during this period

Constraints & challenges for Green Buildings
• lack of information and incorrect perception • incomplete/inefficient execution of green projects • sourcing of materials for green buildings can be difficult • Green audit for green rated buildings does not exists • lack of professional support for facilitation of LEED certification and consultancy services for earning carbon credits

Conclusion

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