You are on page 1of 32

Objectives

To maintain a safe working environment for all staffs through identification and elimination of hazards. To ensure workers follow safe working procedure all the time. To identify whether an operation is complying with the safety requirements.

What is Hazard?
Source or situation with a potential for harm in terms the followings : injury or ill health damage to property damage to the workplace environment or a combination of them.

Type of Hazard
PHYSICAL HAZARD Noise Vibration Temperature Radiation Lighting Pressure Mechanical movement BIOLOGICAL HAZARD Bacteria Viruses Insects Parasites CHEMICAL HAZARD Dust / fibers Fumes Smoke Aerosol Gases Vapour

ERGONOMIC Repetitive motion Manual handling

Types of Hazards / Safety& Health Risks


Hazards
High Noise > 85dB(A) Safety & Health Risk Hearing Impairment / loss

Electrical

Electrocution / fire

Mechanical movement

Body part injury

Heavy object

Body part injury Ergonomic issue

Types of Hazards / Safety& Health Risks


Hazards
Radiation Safety & Health Risk Skin / eye injury / cancer

Hazardous chemicals

Cancer / chronic diseases

Manual handling

Back injury Ergonomic issue

Viruses e.g. SARS, birdflu

Illness or death

Hazard Control
Engineering / Design Control Substitution Changing of process Isolation Ventilation Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Mask Glove Goggle Apron Administrative Control Work schedule Warning and alarm system

Work Practices Housekeeping Procedures Medical Care Training

Without Hazard Control


Why did this happen? What can be done to avoid this incident? Are you willing to take this risk? Therefore through risk & hazard assessment and good safety practice could prevent accident and injury.

Safety Inspection Program


Safety inspection program covers the following subjects :

What needs to be inspected?


What aspect are requiring safety inspection? What sort of condition needs safety inspection? How frequent the safety inspection need to be conducted? Who is supposed to conduct the safety inspection?

Responsibility for Safety

Safety is everyones responsibility. Head of Department is responsible for his departments safety. Supervisors are responsible to carry out safety inspection in their own areas of operation. Safety Committee will help in carrying out safety inspection and take corrective actions. All workers are responsible to inspect their own work area.

Safety Inspection Checklist


Emergency Exit & Passageways Housekeeping, Storage & Waste Disposal Hazards Operation and Machine Guards. Fire & Electrical Safety.

Work Environment, Lighting & Noise.


Hazardous Substances & Handling Ergonomics Storage General

Emergency Exit & Passageway

Passageways are kept free from obstruction Emergency exit signs are clearly visible & illuminated

Passageways are clearly allocated/ marked for safe movement of people and materials
Emergency exits are free from obstruction within 1.2m diameters Emergency exits are not locked.

Housekeeping, Storage & Disposal


Floors are kept dry and free from oil, spillage or slippery materials Floors are kept free from running wires / cables / strings / protrusion / etc Storage racks for files, tools, materials, parts and products are provided and used Storage racks / cabinets are in good condition

Work areas are kept orderly and clean


Enough waste receptacles or containers are provided Unnecessary materials are cleared from the work area Waste material is properly collected and disposed

Walls / ceilings / surfaces / floors are not damaged


General ventilation. Local exhaust system, machinery are maintained with schedule

Hazardous Operation & Machine Guards


Pre-heaters and hot plates / ovens are guarded from the sides and rear to prevent hand burn. Control switches / valves / knobs / buttons are easily accessible. Sharp or dangerous objects are removed or relocated to protect worker from injury. All moving parts of machines and transmissions equipment are properly guarded. Machine guards are securely fastened to the machines and functioning. Machines guards are adequate to keep limbs out during operation. Warning signs are displayed when machines or equipment are maintained.

Hazardous Operation & Machine Guards


Air-gun is not used in dust contaminated areas. Person affected by flying particles or laser light are wearing eye protection. Employees wear hand protection against exposure to heat / cold / chemicals. Personal protective equipment are in good order / condition. Warning signs / notices are posted for appropriated hazard situation (eg. Hot, rotating part). Safety procedures are strictly followed / observed. Written precaution & procedures are displayed at or near the machines / operation. Operators are properly attired (no loose clothing, long hair, jewelleries, etc.)

Fire & Electrical Safety


Wiring connections are regular and not entangled.
Switch boxes or panel boards are provided with appropriate cover. Electrical connectors are not wet or near flammables / combustibles. Fire extinguishers are available and checked the last 12 months. Fire fighting equipment are conspicuously indicated and easily assessable. All electrical connections / equipment are earthed / grounded.

Fire & Electrical Safety


Insulators are not deteriorated or worn out / broken. Switch boxes or panel boards are free from obstruction. Electrical connections / joints are not exposed. Fire fighting equipment are in good order / condition. Fire fighting equipment must be easily accessible and not blocked.

Switches are properly identified.


Motors are clean, free of oil, grease and dust. Approved extension cord is in good condition.

Hazardous Substances & Handling


All containers of hazardous substances / chemical are adequately labelled. All containers of hazardous substances / chemicals are securely capped. Suitable protective equipment (eg. gloves, goggles, etc) are provided and used. Solder fume extractor must be in used all time. Flammables / combustible liquids are stored in approved safety cabinet. Toxics or poisons are locked when not in use.

Acids are not stored near solvents / cyanides / oxidizing.

Hazardous Substances & Handling (cont.)


Aerosol cans are not placed near heat sources. Gas cylinders are securely chained to prevent falling. Shower & eye wash station are provided and functioning. Excessive chemicals not stored in work area. Waste chemical is accumulated, labelled and disposed accordingly.

MSDS is available and accessible for chemicals used.


Chemicals such as flux, IPA, paint are extremely flammable. Please handle with care. SMOKING AROUND THESE CHEMICALS IS EXTREMELY PROHIBITED!

Results of Lead Exposure Monitoring


The Lead Exposure Monitoring had been carried out in November 2008, involving 10 operators in 4 different area of operation ( SMT, Wave soldering, W2 touch-up & Cable ). The result shows that all operators are not exposed to excessive lead as the maximum reading obtained is only 1.15ug/m3. The Permissible Exposure Limit is 50.0ug/m3.

Ergonomics
Hand tools are of appropriate size and shape for easy and safe use. Tools are maintained and replaced and worn out tools not used. Materials are put within easy reach for workers. Heavy items are stored on lower shelves for easy handling Mechanical measures (jigs, levers, pulleys, etc) are used to lift heavy loads. Heights of equipment and working surface is of correct level to avoid.

Ergonomics (cont)
Foot stands or platforms are provided for workers requiring high working position.

Work tables for seated workers are of suitable height.


Work / seating area has reasonable space for movement. Chairs / seats with backrest are provided. Chairs / seats are cushioned for comfort. Materials handling equipment in good order.

Storage
Storage are at least 600mm (2ft) below ceiling, sprinklers and light fittings. Material stacks are stable and well supported. Ladders / foot-stand are in good order & no defect.

Noise
Noise level from the machine not exceeding 85 dBA. Workers exposed to high noise level are provided with hearing protection and used. Warning sign is displayed at noisy area. Workers exposed to high noise level undergo hearing test.

Results of Noise Exposure Monitoring


The Noise Exposure Monitoring had been carried out in June 2009, involving 5 operators in 5 different areas of operation ( SMT, Test, W2, Cable & Mechanical Workshop ). The result shows that all operators are not exposed to excessive noise level as the maximum reading obtained is only 69dB(A). The Permissible Exposure Limit is 85dB(A).

Benefits
Eliminate hazard in the work place. Prevent accident & injury. Reduce accident rate. Enhance safety awareness. Improve workers moral. Comply to safety requirements & other safety requirements. Enhance safe attitude towards good safety practice among workers. Improving the working environment. Cost saving.