Figure Skating

Olympic Sport since 1908

Saumya Srivastava
IV – I, AIS, Noida

Figure Skating – About
• • • • • 16th century : Skaters were transporting goods across frozen waterways. 1892 : International Skating Union (ISU) was founded. 1898 : First ISU-sanctioned event was held 1908 : Figure skating was added to the Olympic programme for Summer Games. 1924 : Figure skating became an official Olympic Winter Games sport in Chamonix.

Figure Skating – Competition
• Singles event
– Short programme – eight prescribed elements such as jump combinations and spins. – Free skating – skaters, perform an original arrangement of techniques to music of their choice.
Singles – Women & Men

• Pairs event
– Short programme – Free skating. – The couple works as one unit, demonstrating overhead lifts, throw-jumps with the man launching his partner, and other manoeuvres. The performance requires harmony, strength and grace.

• Ice dancing
Pairs

– Similar to ballroom dancing. – Complex steps in time with the music. The skaters maintain contact with each other, limiting lifts and jumps. – 3 three sections
• Compulsory – the couple performs one pre-determined dances. • Original dance – must follow selected rhythms, though the pair can choose their own music and interpretative steps. • Free dances – the pair freely express their interpretation of the music they have chosen.

Ice Dancing

Figure Skating – History

• Discipline’s origin
– Figure skating began in the mid- to late19th century in Europe – In 1850, Edward Bushnell of Philadelphia introduced steel bladed skates. This allowed the creation of complex manoeuvres and turns on the ice. – Jackson Haines, a ballet master, added the elements of ballet and dance to figure skating. – Figure skating competitions were held in the 1880's – 1892 – International Skating Union was formed – 1896 – first World championship (for men only) being held in what was then and is now St. Petersburg, Russia (formerly Leningrad). – 1906 – The first women's championship

Olympic history
– – – – Figure skating is the oldest sport on the Olympic Winter program. 1908 – London Olympics of 1908 1920 - Antwerp. Events for men, women, and pairs were contested until 1972. 1976 – Ice Dancing was added

Figure Skating – Sportsperson
• Achievements
– 1927 to 1936 : World Women‟s Ice-skating Champion for 10 successive years – 3 consecutive Olympic Gold in Figure Skating Ladies Single Event :
• 1928, at Garmisch - Partenkircher, Germany • 1932, at Lake Placid, New York, US • 1936, at Saint Moritz, Switzerland

Sonja Henie
Queen of Ice The First Figure Skating Celebrity • Biography
– – – – – Born : 8 April 1912 Deceased: 12 October 1969 Birthplace: Oslo (Norway) Nationality: Norway Sport : Skating

– The youngest Olympic Gold Medalist at the age of 15 years and 10 months. – 1931 to 1936 : European Women‟s Iceskating Champion – 1924 : Ranked 8th Olympic Games at the age of 12, the youngest participant in the event. – First to combine ballet dance choreography with figure skating.

• Achievements (contd.)
– Late 1930s - mid-1950s : Originator of Ice shows, the Hollywood Ice Revue. – First Ice-skater to became a Hollywood actress, starring in 12 films. – 1937 : The Cross of the Knighthood of the First Class of the Order of St Olav – Recipient of more than 500 awards, medals and honors. – First woman skater to be inducted at the Athletics Hall of Fame.

– First to wear the short skirt and white skates costume.
– Winner of a total 18 major championships as a skier. – 1936 : Winner of 3 tennis championships, accomplishing „Number Three‟ woman tennis player of Norway.

Figure Skating – Sportsperson
• Achievements
– Began skating at age 5 after watching older brother play hockey – Five-time World champion (1996, 1998, 2000-2001, 2003), tied with Dick Button and Carol Heiss for most World titles by an American – 1998 : Olympic silver medalist – 2002 : Olympic bronze medalist – A record nine-time U.S. National champion (1996, 1998-2005) – Has earned nine medals, the most by any American skater, at World Championships, including five gold, three silver and one bronze – Qualified for the 2006 U.S. Olympic Team, but withdrew from competition due to an injury. – Received 42 perfect 6.0 marks in major competitions, the most of any singles skater – Seven-time Skate America champion (1995-1997, 1999, 2000-2002)

Michelle Kwan
• Biography
– – – – – Height: 5' 2 Born: 7/7/1980 Hometown: Torrance, California Resides: Manhattan Beach, Calif. Sport: Figure Skating

• Achievements (contd.)
– 2003 USOC Sportswoman of the Year; voted USOC Sportswoman of the Month 13 times

– 2001 : Sullivan Award
– 1998 : Women‟s Sports Foundation Sportswoman of the Year – 2000 : Named one of “50 Most Beautiful People in the World” by People magazine – Published her autobiography “Michelle Kwan: Heart of a Champion” on October 1997 and is now in its sixth printing – National spokesperson for Children's Miracle Network 'Champions Across America' program – Has her own video game, Michelle Kwan Figure Skating - the first interactive figure skating video game for the personal computer.

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