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Group member: Farah Nafeesha binti Mohd Raseli (103155) Nadzirah Salha binti Ab Khalid (102664) Nik Hanisah

binti Nik Aziz (102667) Tan Han Song (102686)

Introduction
Before being allowed to go offshore, basically there are three requirements that need to meet by the employee which are:
Possess a valid Offshore Medical Certificate Complete Malaysia Basic Offshore Safety Induction and Emergency Training (M-BOSET) Have Offshore Safety Passport (OSP)

Other training: such as Minimum Industry Safety Training (MIST)

FIRST REQUIREMENT:OFFSHORE MEDICAL CERTIFICATE

Objectives of the Medical Assessment are: To ensure that designated offshore personnel are medically fit to work safely at an isolated location, with job accommodation where possible. To anticipate and, where possible, prevent the avoidable occurrence of ill health offshore which could place the individual, his or her colleagues and the emergency rescue service at risk. To provide occupational health surveillance, that is, monitoring for specific job demands and to meet any regulatory requirements for hazard monitoring.

THE ASSESSMENT
A comprehensive, work-focused history and physical must be performed. Dipstick urinalysis Blood Tests CBC Glucose Creatinine Baseline audiogram ALT, Alkaline Phosphatase, GGT Vision Screening Visual acuity near and far Colour vision ECG age 40 years or older, or with other indications

FREQUENCY OF EXAMINATION
Every person is required to have completed an offshore medical assessment prior to employment offshore and thereafter at the following minimum intervals: Up to age 39 years - every 3 years Age 40-49 years - every 2 years Age 50 and over - annually Individual operators should retain the right to conduct medical assessments on their workforce more frequently as indicated.

SECOND REQUIREMENT: M-BOSET


Required for those working on offshore oil rigs. Very simple training program that covers all major and minor points of safe working in the offshore facility. The validity - Four years. Modules that need to be attended by the employee:
Module 1: Basic Offshore Safety Module 2: Basic Fire Safety Module 3: Sea Survival Module 4: Helicopter Underwater Escape Training (HUET )

From this course, the worker can understand:


The basic insight of activities and the need to develop a safety culture The hazard and potential danger that can be encountered The general safety rules of transportation by Helicopter and Boat The personnel protective equipment (PPE) to be used outside a platform's living quarters The concept of Emergency Response Plan

SEA SURVIVAL

STEPPING OFF-last action during emergency


Look straight, then step forward. do not lean forward or backward. Make sure cross the leg during stepping off and close or cover our airways and release only when floating at water surface

LOOK DOWN > LOOK OUT > LOCK ON > STEP OUT

SWIMMING WITH LIFEJACKET (SINGLE)

Heat escape Lessening Posture (HELP). Reducing body heat loss to environment. Reserve energy and built up self confident.

SWIMMING WITH LIFEJACKET (GROUP)

HUDDLE / Survival Circle all survivor holding elbow to another elbow built morale, helping each other, maintain body temperature become big target

SEA SURVIVAL PROBLEMS


The following could be the problems might be faced by the survivors after stepping off from the platform: Drowning Injuries & illness, Sea Sickness Thirst, hunger Fire, oil or chemical on water surface Dangerous sea creatures such as shark Hypothermia, heat exhaustion, heat stroke

EMERGENCY POSITIONING INDICATOR RADIO BEACON


Radio beacons that interface with worldwide offered service of Cospas-Sarsat, the international satellite system for search & rescue (SAR). When manually activated, or automatically activated upon immersion, such beacons send out a distress signal.

Aim

Helicopter knowledge Helicopter emergency procedure Skills necessary to react and to survive a helicopter ditching

Contents

Component of Helicopter Helicopter Safety Emergency Equipments Helicopter Emergencies

Introduction
Cockpit - The control and command centre, where the pilots sit and all the instrumentation is located. Cabin Accommodate passengers and cargo. Skids Stand the helicopter while on the ground. Main rotor Provide lift and propulsion to the helicopter. Tail rotor Prevents the helicopter from spinning as well as turns the aircraft. Tail boom Holds the tail rotor for stabilising the aircraft Fuselage Holds the aircraft together and accommodate passengers and cargo, as appropriate.

Always approach and leave the helicopter in a crouched position so that you are well below the rotating rotor tips. Always approach and leave the helicopter at a 90 degree angle, from the sides and in the view of the pilot Never walk near or under the tail boom or tail rotor of the helicopter. Carry long objects horizontally below waist level Never disembark a helicopter until instructed to do so by the pilot Hard hat, caps or the light articles can be blown into the rotor blades or intake if care is not taken. Personal Flotation Device (PFD) provided on board must be worn during all over-water flights. Safety belts are to be securely fastened at all times.

Emergency Equipment
Emergency Equipment Fire Extinguishers First Aid Kit Torch light ELT (Emergency locater Transmitter) Axe (if any)

Helicopter Emergencies
Usually concern with fire and failure Follow orders of the pilot.
Tighten seat belt - remove and secure glasses, dentures, pens and other personal items. Orient yourself Brace for impact Stay strapped in Wait for pilot's instructions. Sinking helicopter - should the helicopter not stay upright or if it begins to sink, survival becomes an individual responsibility. Do not panic or hamper the survival of others. Life raft - enter a life raft if possible. Stay with a group of people if it is impossible to enter the life raft. If possible, crawl up on the helicopter but do not tie yourself to it as it may sink without warning. Assist others - be prepared to assist others who may be injured or disoriented.

Underwater Problems that may arise are:


Survivability Disorientation Visual Gravity Balance Physical reference

REQUIREMENT 3: OFFSHORE SAFETY PASSPORT


Can only be obtained when he or she had undergone medical and attended M-BOSET.

OTHER TRAINING- MINIMUM INDUSTRY SAFETY TRAINING (MIST)


If he have a trade (i.e welder, electrician, mechanic, medic etc) the industry is starting to recommend MIST training. Introduction to some of the safety systems used in the offshore environment. Benefits: Safer workforce Consistent and cost effective introductory safety training Can reduce costs for new starts and existing workforce Designed to avoid duplication of minimum safety training between operators. Single, central, quality assured verification that personnel have been trained to the standard.

Conclusion
All of these requirements which are; Medical Offshore Certificate, M-BOSET, Offshore Safety Passport and any other training related are the steps that need to be taken by the new worker before the worker can start works offshore. The workers need to be not only physically but also mentally prepared as everyday he or she will be exposed to hazard and risk.