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S.N. Sathiya Narayana

Under the Guidence of


Mr. Suresh Kumar

Associate Professor

(Head of the Department – Mech)

To investigate the stress distribution of various configuration of single lap joint by experimental analysis .
A parametric study of hybrid joint by varying the three dimensional parameters of the joint will be carried out using FEA software.

BONDED JOINT

RIVETED
JOINT

HYBRID
JOINT

The various Joints were Prepared for analysis and Experimental work Such Joints are…

Bonded Joint Riveted Joint Without Adhesive

Hybrid Joint

Bonded joints can be made by gluing together pre-cured laminates with the suitable adhesives or by forming joints during the manufacturing process, in which case the joint and the laminate are cured at the same time (co-cured). In general, there are numerous advantages of adhesive bonded joints over the traditional mechanical fastened joints These advantages include large bond area for load transfer, low stress concentration, smooth external surfaces at the joint, less sensitivity to cyclic loading, time and cost saving, high strength to weight ratio, electrical and thermal insulation, conductivity, corrosion and fatigue resistance, crack retardation, damping characteristic and so on.

 

Disassembly is impossible without component damage. They can be severely weakened by environmental effects. They require surface preparation. Joint integrity is difficult to confirm by inspection. Thus ensuring a quality of bonding has been a challenging task.

The behavior of riveted joints is also influenced by rivet parameters such as rivet size, clamping force, hole size and tolerance. Of these parameters, the clamping force, that is, the force exerted in the through – thickness direction by the closing of the fastener, is of critical importance Advantages of riveted joints are that
No surface preparation of composite is required. There are no abnormal inspection problems.

Hybrid joints have a combination of adhesive bonding and mechanical fasteners The advantages of using a combined bonded-riveted design apply mainly in a repair situation. It is generally accepted that a bonded joint is stronger than a mechanically fastened joint and a well-designed bonded joint is stronger than a hybrid joint.

     

Manual method is adopted. Billet size 300 mm x 300 mm Thickness of 3.5 mm. (3 layers) Epoxy –hardener ratio -> 10:1 Curing time-12 Hrs at Room temperature. Load applied-10 kg.

Glass Fibre /Epoxy Composite
COMPONENT Laminates Adhesive Rivet MATERIAL Glass/Epoxy Composite HY554 Aluminum

The analysis for bonded joints was performed by applying a tensile load of 5000 N at the end of the joint which was free to move in the longitudinal direction only (UY = UZ = 0). The opposite end of the joint had fixed boundary condition (UX = UY = UZ = 0).

DEFORMATION OF JOINTS

Test Results – Approximate Graph Sample
Sl.No Test Description Riveted Joint Bonded Joint Hybrid Joint

1

Ultimate/ Breaking Load

2

Maximum Stress

Riveted Joint
2500

2000

Load - N

1500

LOAD-N 1000

500

0 1 2

Displacement-mm

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

BONDED JOINT
6000

5000

Load - N

4000

3000

LOAD-N

2000

1000

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Displacement-mm

Hybrid Joint
6000

5000

4000

Load - N

3000

LOAD N

2000

1000

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Displacement-mm

FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS

PROCEDURE

MODELING (CATIA)

ANALYZING (ANSYS)

CREATING PARTS

MAKING ASSEMBLY

APPLYING ELEMENT VALUES

SOLVER

POSTPROCESSOR

APPLYING BOUNDERY CONDITIONS

SOLVING THE MODEL

RESULTS

APPLYING LOADS

SCOPE OF THE PROJECT
The study can be extended to the failure prediction of the various configurations of joints using various failure modes and also the progressive failure analysis (dynamic analysis) can be carried out.
The analysis of hybrid joints can be done using other criteria so that more progress can be made in the hybrid joining technology leading to the use of hybrid joints as a primary repair technique.

Thus from the Experimental and Analysis, it was found that a well-designed hybrid joint is very efficient when compared to bonded or riveted joints in the case of repair situation in aircraft structures.