International Business

Class Presentation On
Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Right (TRIPs/TRIMs)
Presented By: Group-4
Balkrishna Sharma (06) Gaurav Rajbhandari (23)
Presented By: Group-4, (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester

Outline of Presentation  Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)  Trade Related Investment Measures (TRIMs)    Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) Types of IPs and their provisions in TRIPS Criticism of TRIPs Presented By: Group-4. (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester .

IPRs are the rights given to persons over the creations of their minds. IPRs usually give the creator of intellectual property the right to control and derive the benefits from writing (copyright). (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester . Process (trade secrets) and identifiers (trademarks) for a defined period of time.Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) Simply. Presented By: Group-4. inventions (Patents).

Presented By: Group-4. the few international agreements providing disciplines for measures restricting foreign investment provided only limited guidance in terms of content and country coverage. Until the completion of the Uruguay Round negotiations. signed at the end of the Uruguay Round (UR) negotiations.Trade Related Investment Measures (TRIMs) The Agreement on Trade Related Investment Measures (TRIMs) is one of Agreements covered under Annex IA to the Marrakech Agreement. (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester . which produced a well-rounded Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures ("TRIMs Agreement").

had 5 years grace and the very poorest have 10 years. Presented By: Group-4. poor countries in which such protection generally was much weaker. Rich Countries had to comply with the rules within a year.Trade Related Aspects of IPRs (TRIPs) The Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) is an international agreement administered by the World Trade Organization (WTO) that sets down minimum standards for many forms of intellectual property (IP) regulation as applied to nationals of other WTO Members. (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester . It was negotiated at the end of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1994.

Examples of IPRs © ® ™ Presented By: Group-4. (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester .

Types of IPRs • • • • • Patents Trademarks Copyrights Trade secrets Geographical Indications Presented By: Group-4. (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester .

(Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester . offering for sale.Patents  Grant of a property right to the inventor The right to exclude others from making. or importing the invention. selling.   Product patents Process patents  Presented By: Group-4. using.

Presented By: Group-4.Patent 6293874. (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester . “ user operated amusement apparatus for kicking the user’s buttocks.

or device. (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester . symbol.  Identifying the source of goods or service Distinguish goods from others Guarantee of quality    Branding/advertising medium Presented By: Group-4.Trademarks  Any word. or any combination. or intended to be used in commerce to identify and distinguish the goods of one manufacturer or seller from goods manufactured or sold by others. used.

software codes Web pages. but not the idea itself.  Examples:  Documents. books and songs User manuals. sculptures and paintings   Presented By: Group-4.Copyrights  Protection granted to the authors of “Original work of authorship both published and unpublished”. (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester .  Protects the expression of the idea.

 Must be genuine not obvious Must provide the owner a competitive or economic advantage Must be reasonably protected form disclosure. Examples     Coca cola formula. (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester . software source codes.Trade Secret  Information that companies keep secret to give an advantage over competitors. Presented By: Group-4.

Patatos of Idaho Presented By: Group-4.Geographical Indicator  Indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a member. or a region or locality in that territory where a given quality. (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester . reputation or other characteristic of the good is essentially attributed to its geographic origin.  Example: Pasmina wool of Nepal. Basmati Rice of India.

Criticisms of TRIPs  wealth redistribution effects artificial scarcity  Presented By: Group-4. (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester .

Any Queries????? Thank You !! Presented By: Group-4 Balkrishna Sharma (06) Gaurav Rajbhandari (23) Presented By: Group-4. (Bal krishna Sharma and Gaurav Rajbhandari ) MBA IV Semester .

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