Teenage Pregnancy

SOCA 1010
7/8/12

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Yaqeen Ul Haq Ahmad Sikander Syahirah Sulastri Asman Iman Karim Maryam Khalid International Islamic University, Malaysia Course: Introduction to Sociology

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Introduction

Teenage pregnancy is defined as a teenage girl, usually within the ages of 13-19, becoming pregnant. This refers to girls who have not reached legal adulthood, which varies across the world, who become pregnant.

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Introduction

Half of the world’s population are under 25. Some 1.8 billion are aged 1025, history’s largest generation of adolescents, and about 85% live in the developing world.

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A SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE: SEX REVOLUTION
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Started in 1960

Alfred Kinsley’s Study Invention of Birth control pill Separation of Sex and Reproduction

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Causes
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Early marriage Adolescent sexual behaviour - alcohol and drugs Lack of sex education Peer pressure Sexual abuse - rape Poverty Exposure to abuse,
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Impacts
Psychosocial The Mother
A teen mother is more likely to:
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drop out of school have no or low qualifications be unemployed or low-paid live in poor housing conditions suffer from depression which
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Impacts
Psychosocial The Child
The child of a teen mother is more likely to:
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· live in poverty · grow up without a father · become a victim of neglect or abuse · do less well at school

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Impacts : Medical

Research indicates that pregnant teens are less likely to receive prenatal care, often seeking it only in the third trimester, if at all. · As a result of insufficient prenatal care, the global incidence of premature births and low birth weight is higher amongst teenage mothers. · Risks for medical complications are greater for girls 14 years of 7/8/12 and age

Impact : STD’s & HIV/AIDS

· As a result of unprotected sex, young people are also at risk of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV infection. · The highest rates of STIs worldwide are among young people aged 15 to 24. Some 500,000 become infected daily (excluding HIV). · Two in five new HIV infections globally occur in young people aged 15 to 24.
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Prevention . .

Sex Education & Counseling (Dysfunction) Religious Morals & Ethics Safe sex – use of contraceptives Abstinence among teens Prevention Programs – Raudhatus Sakinah Role of Parents, schools, religious institutions (Agents of socialization)

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Malaysia
FAMILY PLANNING AND YOUNG PEOPLE: CHALLENGES
· Many societies, including in Malaysia, disapprove of premarital sex. · As a result, young people have limited or no access to education and information on reproductive sexual health care. · Modern contraceptive use among adolescents is generally low, and decreases with economic status. Fewer than 5% of the poorest young use modern contraception. · Young women consistently report less contraceptive usage than men, evidence of their unequal power in negotiating safer sex or restrictions on their access to services (such as lack of information, shame, laws, health provider attitudes and practices, or social norms). · Young people may hesitate to visit clinics because of lack of privacy and confidentiality, inconvenient locations and hours, high costs, limited contraceptive choices and supplies, and perhaps most importantly, negative or judgmental provider attitudes. 7/8/12 · Laws and policies also may restrict adolescents’ access to information and

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A Lesson For The Girls (and guys too)

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1. When a guy says “Let’s hav sex.” Say: no.
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2. Avoid being alone with a guy especially in dark places or at the house alone Make sure a parent is in the house
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3. Avoid being intoxicated or unconcious This is prone to daterape
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4. Cultivate in a good circle of friends
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5. Practice Abstinence Wait for marriage and wait for the one
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End! Thank you!
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