FOOT ANATOMY

Bone Anatomy

Tarsal Bones

Calcaneus
 

Sustentaculum Tali Peroneal Tubercle

Cuboid  Navicular  3 Cuneiforms  5 metatarsals  5 phalanges (proximal, middle, distal)

Division of the Foot

 

Rearfoot Midfoot Forefoot

Hindfoot (Rearfoot)  Subtalor Joint Talus and calcaneus articulation  Individual Bone Formation   Calcaneus   Calcaneal Tuberosity Sustentaculum Tali Three facets Five functional articulation  Inferior Talus   .

Midfoot  Composed of Navicular  3 cuneiforms  cuboid  .

Forefoot  5 MT’s Proximally 1-3 articulate with cuneiforms  Proximally 4-5 articulate with cuboid  Bases articulate with:   Phalanges .

Articulations and Ligamentous Support  Subtalor Joint Three facets  Motions of the Subtalor Joint    Supination Components Pronation Components  WB vs NWB Status of Foot at Subtalor joint .

Hindfoot Articulations and Ligamentous Support  Subtalor Joint  Ligamentous Support  Intra-articular Ligaments  Interosseous Talocalcaneal  Ligamentum Cervis  Medial Talocalcaneal  Lateral Talocalcaneal .

Midfoot Articulations and Ligamentous Support  Six Joints       Talocalcaneonavicular Calcaneocuboid Cuboideonavicular Intercuneiform Cuneocuboid Cuneonavicular Comprised by calcaneocuboid & talonavicular  Transverse Tarsal   Stability Related to subtalor joint .

Midfoot Articulations and Ligamentous Support  Ligamentous Support  Talocalcaneonavicular Joint    Plantar Calcaneonavicular (Spring Ligament) Talonavicular Bifurcate   Calcaneonavicular Calcaneocuboid  Calcaneocuboid Joint    Bifurcate Ligament  Calcaneocuboid portion Plantar Calcaneocuboid Long Plantar Ligament .

Midfoot Articulations and Ligamentous Support Ligamentous Support   Intercuneiform Joints  Dorsal and Plantar Intercuneifrom Ligaments Plantar and Dorsal Cuneocuboid Ligaments Plantar and Dorsal Cuneonavicular Ligaments  Cuneocuboid   Cuneonavicular Joints  .

Forefoot Articulations and Ligamentous Support     Tarsometatarsal Joint (Lisfranc’s Joint) Intermetatarsal Joint Metatarsalphalange al Joint (MTP) Interphalangeal Joint PIP  DIP  .

Forefoot Articulations and Ligamentous Support   Ligamentous Suppor Intermetatarsal Joint   Proximal Distal Plantar Fascia Plantar Ligament MCL and LCL  MTP Joints     Interphalangeal Joints   Plantar and dorsal join capsule MCL and LCL .

Arches of the Foot     Function Medial Longitudinal Arch Lateral Longitudinal Arch Transverse Arch .

Arches of the Foot  Medial Longitudinal Arch Calcaneus  Talus  Navicular  1-3 cuneiforms  1-3 MT’s  Function  .

Arches of the Foot  Medial Longitudinal Arch continued  Ligament Support     Plantar Calcaneonavicular Long Plantar Lig Deltoid Plantar fascia .

Arches of the Foot  Medial Longitudinal Arch continued  Ligament Support     Plantar Calcaneonavicular Long Plantar Lig Deltoid Plantar fascia .

Arches of the Foot  Medial Longitudinal Arch continued  Ligament Support     Plantar Calcaneonavicular Long Plantar Lig Deltoid Plantar fascia .

Arches of the Foot  Medial Longitudinal Arch continued  Ligament Support     Plantar Calcaneonavicular Long Plantar Lig Deltoid Plantar fascia .

Arches of the Foot  Medial Longitudinal Arch continued  Muscular Support  Intrinsic   Abductor Hallucis Flexor Digitorum Brevis Tibialis Posterior Flexor Hallucis Longus Flexor Digitorum Longus Tibialis Anterior Flexor Digitorm Longus  Extrinsic      .

Arches of the Foot  Medial Longitudinal Arch continued  Muscular Support  Intrinsic   Abductor Hallucis Flexor Digitorum Brevis Tibialis Posterior Flexor Hallucis Longus Flexor Digitorum Longus Tibialis Anterior Flexor Digitorm Longus  Extrinsic      .

Arches of the Foot  Lateral Longitudinal Arch  Composed of    Calcaneus Cuboid 4-5th MT’s  Ligament Support   Long & Short Plantar Plantar Fascia .

Brevis & Tertius  Extrinisic  .Arches of the Foot  Lateral Longitudinal Arch continued  Muscle Support  Intrinsic   Abductor Digiti Minimi Flexor Digitorum Brevis Peroneus Longus.

Summary of Arches .

Arches of the Foot  Transverse Arch   Formed By: Ligament Support   Intermetatarsal Ligaments Plantar Fascia All intrinsic muscles Extrinisic     Muscle Support   Tibialis Posterior Tibialis Anterior Peroneus Longus .

Foot Muscles – Plantar Surface  Superficial Layer Abductor Hallucis  Abductor Digiti Minimi  Flexor Digitorum Brevis  .

Foot Muscles – Plantar Surface  Middle Layer Quadratus Plantae  Lumbricales  .

Foot Muscles – Plantar Surface  Deep Layer Flexor Hallucis Brevis  Adductor Hallucis   Transverse and Oblique Heads  Flexor Digiti Minimi .

Foot Muscles – Plantar Surface  Interosseus Layer Plantar Interossei  Dorsal Interossei  .

Foot Muscles – Dorsal Surface   Extensor Digitorum Brevis Extensor Hallucis Brevis .

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