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How to optimize your brain and time Keys to Student Success
Note “taken from”
Copyright/Publisher Contents Index
Why are you here?
Associate degrees double high school diploma earnings
security? Associate degrees = ½ unemployment of high school
Respect? Respect is earned, a degree gets you an audience
Prestige is earned, your education will teach you how
Life? You probably will not be cleaning motel rooms
Who are you Respiratory Therapy is composed of: Tinkerers Creative thinkers Caring people Controlled rebels People who ask why .
What do you want? From: Life Career Family Friends Society Pima Your faculty .
When do you plan on getting it? is never “too late” There is never “too soon” There There is only NOW .
How are you going to get it? Critical thinking Why is it this way? Is this the only way? Is that the „right answer‟? Can I do it better? .
.What stands in the way I‟m stupid I have trouble understanding I don‟t have time People interrupt me I can‟t …. .
Horse Feathers! .
Successful Intelligence Analytical Who What Why When How Information gathering .
Successful Intelligence Creative Thinking How does this pertain to my needs? How does it fit with what I already know? Where does it fit in my mental rolodex? • Is it important to remember? Einstein‟s parable .
Successful Intelligence Practical thinking How can I use this information? Can I apply it to my current problem? • Can I pass this on to my colleagues Teaching fifth graders .
Group Study Collective reasoning Study Buddies .
the easier life becomes .Motivation Whatever you learn is yours No one can take it away It can be your secret to share as you want You can learn anything The longest journey starts with a single step • The harder you work at it. the easier it becomes • The more you know.
Motivation Set deadlines deadlines I will have accomplished … by … Tell someone your goal • Disappointing others is a bummer Share Enforce deadlines You said you were going to … Reward yourself Have a cookie because you did it .
Motivation Share your new knowledge Everyone draws a different conclusion • What s/he learned might be what you need to complete your thought • You have the answer to your colleagues‟ question Imparting that information feels good .
Learning is Mezssy .
you learned may be wrong
Check your source Does it fit with what you already know?
• Do you have to rethink your information?
Be truthful with yourself „Right‟ is a fuzzy concept Wrong is always wrong
will always take longer than you think
Murphy‟s law and corollaries:
• If it can break, it will … at the worst possible moment • It will always be overtime and cost more than budgeted • The reference is in the other book
As you research the reference, there is always a snippet you can use
is your job
Approach it as your most important task
the job to your best ability
• A proper base of knowledge makes the next step easier
a break every hour
Drink plenty of fluids
• While you are on break, your brain files the knowledge so you can use it
Personal values Ethics A personal set of standards for behavior • Cheating You know you did it even if no one else does It is not something you can call yours or use later Someone else‟s property Not usable openly Plagiarism • Stealing .
Personal Values Morals A set of standards set by society • Personal injury • Adultery • Cutting in line .
Personal values Where do they come from? Parents Teachers Friends Books Personal pride • Define pride Value pride .
Goal Setting Long term Why am I here at school? What will I end up with? Short term What do I need to learn today? • Tomorrow? Immediate Where is the drinking fountain? .
Goal setting The Plan How am I going to find the drinking fountain? When am I going to study? What do I need from study group? What do they need from me? Do we have the knowledge for the test? What is my next class? How far from Graduation? .
sleep. shelter Safety: Security of body. creativity Knowledge: the need to learn and understand fully (1970) .Goal setting Maslow (1942) Priorities • • • • • • Physiologic: food. employment. friends Esteem: Basking in the glow of accomplishment Self-actualization: acceptance of self. water. sex. morals Belonging: love.
Goal setting Plan Study time Work time Family time Play time • • • • • Make the plan Examine the plan. is it feasible? Carry out the plan If you deviate. examine the plan to decide if it is viable Stay on the plan (critical thinking practice) .
Failure Are you a bad person? Can you stand up and dust off? Did you give it your best effort? • You are the only judge How do you avoid a repeat? • Mistakes are human • Figure out why. avoid the same mistake (critical thinking) .
Stress Your mind and body thrives on stress Stretching your limits makes you stronger • Just a little more weight on the bar • Just a few steps further • Just one more page .
Deal with it Take a deep breath Releases calming endorphins Fuels your brain Relieves need to satisfy lower cravings Burns off pent-up hormones Time to relax and organize Nutrition Exercise Sleep .
Exercise Fill out wheel of life (10 Min) Small group discussion [4-5 people 20 min] Homework: Time table .
Learning styles Verbal Hear it See it Do it Visual Manual (kinesthetic) Logical Gather and organize .
Exercise Learning style assessment (15 min) P.68 Helps me tune my style Discussion .
72-73 I tend to be a thinker Everyone is a mix Suggested study teams Mix learning styles .Personality Pg.
Improved Learning Harley Davidson makes inferior motorcycles .
Critical Thinking Questioning Is that true? Where did the information come from? Is it reliable? Analyzing Strategizing How do I get more information for an informed decision? .
Creative Thinking Is there a different answer? What are potential different answers? brainstorm How might I find the answer? Books Asking questions Try out different bikes .
Practical Thinking Compare Your experience and knowledge Information from all sources Your findings True statement. based on your information Gather Research Conclude .
Follow-up Keep an open mind You may not have gotten all the facts • Add and analyze new information .
Reading to learn Get comfortable Pleasant surroundings • White noise Get relaxed • Drink • Light snack • Deep breath Take the time There are no more pressing matters .
Reading to learn Dictionary Do not skip words you don‟t know • Look them up and understand Thesaurus What words would you substitute to make meaning clearer .
Reading to learn Understand one concept before moving to the next. Does the writer communicate the information well? Understandable? • Using big words when small words will do Organized? • Does the writer build on concepts? .
Pathophysiology We were talking about reading Stay on task .
Reading to Learn Practice reading Be well informed • Read for pleasure • Read for general information Extract information that pertains to your career .
Reading textbooks Do not assume The writer is always correct You can skip • You might be able to skim Understand before moving on It may take 2 or 3 times • Take a break between re-reads Often you missed an important word Move your lips when you read Often hearing the words associates them with something you already know • Enunciate clearly when your lips move .
The 5th grade test You do not fully understand until you can explain it to a 5th grader You may have to look at another source • Different people use different words .
Reading to learn SQ3R Survey • Read quickly Do not hang on every word Question • Did you miss something? Read • Thoroughly to find the answer Recite • To yourself Review • With your study buddy .
Read to learn Scribble questions Difficult concepts deserve a review Avoid over-highlighting You may just end up with yellow pages .
Summaries and exercises Always read summaries Is something mentioned you did not see? Did the author present evidence to convince you? Answer at least every third question • Many authors are overly impressed with themselves and become bombastic Exercises .
Study groups Show up having read the assignment Reading and studying alone prepare you to optimize your group time Challenge concepts to your colleagues Did you see…? • Are you convinced? • Did you understand? The value of diverse learning styles .
Study groups Meet often Not necessarily in person • Always directly after class Participate You are not the only one having trouble • Everyone grasps a slightly different piece .
Active listening Book pg163 Look at the speaker • Listen to body language as well .
Active listening How does it fit with what you already know? Concepts stick better when mixed with prior knowledge Mentally critique the delivery You may be next • In critiquing. you are thinking critically .
Active listening Prepare questions The question you need clarified may be on a test. .
Notes Always be prepared Plenty of paper • Extra writing utensils Fresh batteries • Technology dependence Note taking can be distracting What system?next slide How to spell • Wududeesay? .
Notes Multiple systems Fishbone Outline Cornell Think links Recorders Some lecturers object • One system does not fit all .
Notes Review during breaks or directly after lecture Opportunity to clarify • Fellow students • Instructor .
Notes Review Alone • ?what did I mean by that At study group • When he said ___. what did he mean • Does this make sense? Imprinting .
Memory Short term Fleeting unless connected to existing knowledge • Or else your brain explodes Long term Imprinted by critical thinking • What is critical thinking? .
how? Do facts back it up? Do I need more information? Imprinted by critical thinking • What is critical thinking? . why. what.Memory Short term Fleeting unless connected to existing knowledge • Or else your brain explodes Long term Who. when.
the mere act imprints on your memory • Associate with previously accepted facts .Memory Always question „facts‟ When you doubt and question.
Tests „Cramming‟ Does not work • Cramming works on instant or short term memory • It makes your mind tired • Review notes or book on subject Relax A good night sleep or quick nap opens mental files Caffeine makes your mind race Finding the mental files becomes difficult Avoid caffeine .
Tests Topic What subject? • Choose review materials Type • • • • Multiple guess Fill in the blank Essay Your tests will be a combination Material • Lecture • Reading. textbook or outside research • Yours will be all of the above .
Tests Review Make your self quizzes • What prompted you to write them likely prompts us sure you have the answers to your quizzes • As you answer them. you scan pertinent information Review previous tests in the same course • You learn styles ?Does this guy like trick questions • Questions from previous tests are often repeated .
Tests Schedule Try adequate time • You will have questions not previously considered to study in small groups • Your peers have a slightly different perspective • Share your thoughts and notes • Avoid group think Scan end-of-chapter summaries • These are practice for your brain and bring out unanswered questions .
Tests The instructor viewpoint Did I teach it adequately? Did I cover important points in my test? What am I going to find I missed? • How much am I going to have to review? .
good eraser. pencils (2). don‟t dawdle Skip questions you can‟t figure out quickly. highlight them The answer is often hidden in other questions If you finish early. calculator. keep your test.Test taking Bring all the allowable accessories • Pens (2). and relax You may want to re-address an answer . highlighter Bring your books • You will have questions at the end • Simply knowing you can find the answer afterward brings comfort Stay on schedule • • • • • Don‟t rush.
based on your knowledge answers are okay on the first pass • The word you fumbling will often show up later • The concept will come to you • Often partial credit is awarded .Test taking Guessing Partial is okay • Odds are. it is correct.
Test taking Multiple guess • Some of the answers are patently bogus (distracters) Fill in the blank • Fill in what you know • Highlight what you don‟t Essay • Write a quick outline to organize .
Tests You don‟t „fail‟ tests They are an opportunity to focus your research .
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