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Leonard J. Espaola


Social Sustainability social sustainability is the idea that future generations should have the same or greater access to social resources as the current generation, while there should also be equal access to social resources within the current generation. It includes human rights, labor rights, and corporate governance.


Equity - the community provides equitable opportunities and outcomes for all its members, particularly the poorest and most vulnerable members of the community.

Diversity - the community promotes and encourages diversity.

Interconnected/Social cohesions - the community provides processes, systems and structures that promote connectedness within and outside the community at the formal, informal and institutional level.

Quality of life - the community ensures that basic needs are met and fosters a good quality of life for all members at the individual, group and community level (eg. health, housing, education, employment, safety)

Democracy and governance - the community provides democratic processes and open and accountable governance structures.

Maturity - the individual accept the responsibility of consistent growth and improvement through broader social attributes (eg. communication styles, behavioural patterns, indirect education and philosophical explorations).

Adaptability resiliency for both individuals and communities and the ability to respond appropriately and creatively to change.


1. Social inclusion Social inclusion refers to a policy designed to ensure that all people are able to participate in society regardless of their background or specific characteristics, which may include: race, language, culture, gender, disability, social status, age, and other factors. 2. Social cohesion bonds that bring people together in a given society.

When people are included in the economic and social life of a society, when people feel valued by and feel they belong to the society, and when they participate in society, then social sustainability will follow.

Why is Sustainability Important?

Sustainability is important because all the choices we pursue and all the actions that we make today will affect everything in the future. We need to make sound decisions at present in order to avoid limiting the choices of generations to come.

Thank You!

Most Recognized Rights Right to privacy Right to live, exist Right to have a family To own property Free Speech Safety from violence Equality of both males and females; womens rights

Fair trial To be innocent until proven guilty To be a citizen of a country The right to express his or her sexual orientation To vote To seek asylum if a country treats you badly To think freely

To believe and practice the religion a person wants To peacefully protest (speak against) a government or group Health care (medical care) Education To communicate through a language Not be forced into marriage The right to love The right to work

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Article 23 Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.

Everyone who works has the right to just and favorable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection. Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Article 24 Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

The core labor standards are: 1. Freedom of association: workers are able to join trade unions that are independent of government and employer influence; 2. The right to collective bargaining: workers may negotiate with employers collectively, as opposed to individually;

3. The prohibition of all forms of forced labor: includes security from prison labor and slavery, and prevents workers from being forced to work under duress; 4. Elimination of the worst forms of child labor: implementing a minimum working age and certain working condition requirements for children;

5. Non-discrimination in employment : equal pay for equal work.

Corporate governance is "the system by which companies are directed and controlled. It involves regulatory and market mechanisms, and the roles and relationships between a companys management, its board, its shareholders and other stakeholders, and the goals for which the corporation is governed.

Social equity implies fair access to livelihood, education, and resources; full participation in the political and cultural life of the community; and selfdetermination in meeting fundamental needs.