Department of Energy

U.S. Department of Energy’s

Office of Science

Office of Science

Advancing Energy, Economic and National Security Through Science, Technology and Environmental Stewardship
Briefing for the Astronomy and Astrophysics Advisory Committee

Raymond L. Orbach Director, Office of Science May 17, 2005

S. Department of Energy

Office of Science
Office of Science

• The Office of Science is the primary source of support for the Physical Sciences.
- Provides 42% of federal support to the physical sciences - Provides primary support to select sub-fields (e.g. high energy physics, nuclear physics, nuclear medicine, heavy element chemistry, plasma physics and magnetic fusion, and catalysis.) - Manages long-term, high-risk, high-payoff multidisciplinary science programs to support DOE missions - Directly supports (FY ‘05) the research of around 23,500 Ph.D.s, Post Docs and Graduate Students

• Constructs and operates large scientific facilities for the future of science.
- Accelerators, light and neutron sources, nanotechnology research centers  Used by more than 19,000 researchers every year  Number of users expected to increase dramatically with Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) and nanocenter user facilities commencing operations - Linac Coherent Light Source begins construction  Ten billion times brighter, in the hard x-ray range, than any other light source in the world  new field of ultra-fast science


S. Department of Energy

Elements of Program
Office of Science

• Accelerator based physics : our primary tools
 Construction and operation of accelerators and detectors and research activities in these facilities
 Proton based accelerator: Tevatron, LHC, K2K, NuMI, MiniBooNE  Electron based accelerator: B-Factories—BaBar and Belle

• Non-accelerator physics
 Atmospheric & solar neutrinos: Super-K, KamLAND  Particle astrophysics & cosmology: GLAST, Auger, VERITAS, SDSS, CDMS-II, AMS, CMB

• Theory
 Elementary particle theory  Major computing efforts: simulation, data storage, distribution, & analysis

• Technology R&D
 R&D for accelerator and detector technologies


S. Department of Energy

Cosmic Connections
Office of Science

Sloan Digital Sky Survey – SDSS (w/NASA, NSF, Sloan foundation) 3D sky map, dark energy Supernova Cosmology Project, Nearby Supernova Factory (w/NSF & NASA) dark energy Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) cosmology Cold Dark Matter Search (CDMS-II) (underground, w/NSF) dark matter in cosmic rays

Approved & Under Construction:
Large Area Telescope (LAT) – GLAST, 2007 (w/NASA, foreign) gamma rays, dark matter Pierre Auger – ground array in Argentina (w/NSF, foreign) high energy cosmic rays AMS – Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer – ISS (w/NASA, foreign) cosmic antimatter Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System (VERITAS) - telescope in Arizona (w/NSF, SAO) high energy gamma rays AXION dark matter search


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