Complex Engineered and Natural Systems

National Science Foundation Directorate for Engineering Adnan Akay and Judy Raper

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The Urban Water Cycle

Interbasin Transfers of Water & Wastewater

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Impervious Surfaces

Stormdrains

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Riparian & Upland Forest Patches

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Wells Septic Systems Water Supply Pipes Wastewater Conduits
Courtesy of Ken Belt, USFS

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Water Table Rooting Zone

Artificial Channels Local GW Regional GW

Hyporheic & Parafluvial Zones

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Complex Engineered and Natural Systems
• Definition: Complex, Complexity (adj., n) – Consisting of interconnected or interwoven parts; – Involved or intricate, as in structure; complicated. – Difficult to understand because of intricacy: – A whole composed of interconnected or interwoven parts – Engineering Complexity -- the condition of being difficult to explain and predict systems behaviors, robust operation of the same. Complexity in – Engineered systems – Natural systems – Interface of engineered and natural systems

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The Challenge

– Creation of common principles, unified theories, and methods to design, operate, and protect complex engineered systems.

• Sources of complexity:
– Too much information, too many components, too many constraints, too many parameters for consideration to accomplish a particular task – Not enough information about essential elements or components of a system or about their interfaces – Not enough information about how elements or components will behave under known or unknown conditions that may lead to unintended consequences

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NSF Role
– To encourage the community to think about • What is complex system science • Fundamental questions related science of complexity • Questions related to design, control and management of complexz systems – To invest in the development of “science of the complex”

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NSF Activities
• A series of workshops on complexity • Considering complexity under three topics
– Transportation Systems – Biological Systems – Healthcare Delivery

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Infrastructure - Transportation

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Biological Systems

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Neuromuscular Biomechanics

analysis of dexterous manipulation; characterization of muscle and brain activity; & computational modeling of dexterity

CAREER PI: Francisco Valero-Cuevas, Cornell University
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Healthcare Delivery
Mobile Gateway Hospital
Terminal

Sensors: at home and wearable
Fall Detector with Bluetooth

Secure Internet and/or telephone

Mobile Phone Integrated Camera

Berkeley Motes Sensors with Bluetooth WLAN Bluetooth Berkeley Mote Sensors Ad hoc Zigbee network

Home Health System

Zigbee

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Functional Neuroimaging of Information Flows within the Brain: Mechanisms of cognitive processes and brain functions

ITR: High-Resolution Cortical Imaging of Brain Electrical Activity. Bin He, U Minnesota
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