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Engineering Advisory Committee 5-19-04
A. Galip Ulsoy, Director Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems
firstname.lastname@example.org (703) 292-4613
The Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems (CMS)
The Mission of CMS is: q fundamental knowledge in mechanical systems and the constructed environment, and q rapid deployment of research to reduce risks induced by natural and technological hazards.
CMS Researchers Investigated Various Aspects of the WTC Disaster
CMS Research Programs
Five Disciplinary Research Programs: – Dynamic System Modeling, Sensing & Control
Program Directors: Shih-chi Liu (email@example.com) and M. (Tomi) Tomizuka (firstname.lastname@example.org)
– Solid Mechanics and Materials Engineering
Program Directors: Ken Chong (email@example.com) and Yip-Wah Chung ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
– Structural Systems and Engineering
Program Directors: P. (Bala) Balaguru (email@example.com) and Steven McCabe (firstname.lastname@example.org)
– Geotechnical and GeoHazards Engineering
Program Directors: Juan Pestana (email@example.com) and Richard Fragaszy (firstname.lastname@example.org)
– Infrastructure and Information Systems
Program Directors: Jesus de la Garza (email@example.com) and Dennis Wenger (firstname.lastname@example.org)
CMS Priorities: Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES)
Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction (MREFC) Project:
• Construction: $82M invested (FY00 through FY04) • Management, operations and maintenance $20M/yr (FY05 through FY14) • Research solicitation ($9M/yr) with115 proposals under review for FY04
Program Directors: Joy Pauschke (email@example.com) and Vilas Mujumdar (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Collaborative Tools for Remote Users (Researchers,
Instrumented Structures and Sites
NEES Share d Use Resources
Simulation Tools Archive
Laboratory E quipment
Mobile Field Equipme nt
Curated Data Repository National (ANSS, EarthScope,…) and Global Connections (E-Defense Shake Table in Japan, …)
(FY 2005 – FY 2014)
Leading Edge Computation
Remote Users Laboratory E quipment
(K-12 Faculty and Students, General Public)
George E. Brow n, Jr. Network for Earthqu ake Engineer ing Simulation (NEES)
Other Priority Areas
Other CMS Priorities
• Nanomechanics • Sensors and sensor networks • Hazards and hazard response, physical infrastructure , biomechanics, energy and environment, transportation, mechatronics.
NSF and ENG Priorities (FY04)
• Nanoscale Science & Engineering ($7M), Nanomechanics Summer Institute at Northwestern University Sensors & Sensor Networks ($6M), Information Technology Research ($2.5M), Biocomplexity in the Environment ($1.2M), ADVANCE ($0.7M), Mathematical Sciences ($0.6M), Human & Social Dynamics ($0.5M), CLEANER ($0.2M), etc. ($1.4M).
Previous 2001 CoV Report
The 2001 CoV report (covering 1998-2000) main conclusions: • Overall quality of science and engineering is high • CMS programs well managed, enhance participation in priorities • Review procedures are fair efficient and effective • Challenge in balancing budget, high proposal load, review quality • Award scope, size and duration are appropriate • Struggle with limited resources (i.e., personnel and budget) • CMS support of diversity among grantees/reviewers applauded • Workshops for underrepresented junior faculty among “best practices”
Previous 2001 CoV Report (cont.)
Improvements needed in: • More industry/government reviewers, • Implementation of broader impacts criterion, • Integration of research and education, • More high-risk awards, • Annual planning process, • Additional interagency partnerships and joint solicitations, • Initiatives with SBE Directorate, • Planning/priority for NEES.
CMS Summary Statistics: Proposals, Awards & Funding Rates
1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Fiscal Year 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 No. Res. Proposals 1,412 1,271 1,205 1,010 868 No. Res. Awards 208 188 174 236 217 Funding Rate 15% 15% 14% 23% 25% Supplements 138 156 138 135 173
Proposals Awards Suppl.
Average research award size and duration is approximately $100k/year and 3 years.
• CMS budget growing (priority areas and NEES) • Flexibility is being lost: unfenced funds support programs that rapidly adapt to changing national needs and priorities, invest in innovations that may lead to new priority areas, and still address current priority areas.
90 80 70 60 Funds 50 ($M) 40 30 20 10 0
CMS Summary Statistics: Budget Trends
Total Fenced Unfenced
CMS Summary Statistics: Workload Trends
250 200 150 100 50 0 Prop./PD Prop./SS
• Increased proposals per PD and per SS. • Efficiencies due to Fastlane, e-Jacket, etc. • Emphasis on cross-cutting areas has increased complexity.
CMS Summary Statistics: Dwell Time, Mortgage, New PI’s ..
Average proposal dwell times in CMS have improved from 7.55 months in FY01, to 6.3 months in FY02 to 5.4 months in FY03. Now over 70% of proposals are processed in less than 6 months. CMS has significantly reduced the mortgaging of future funds, by reducing new continuing grants from $29M in FY01 to $16M in FY02 and to $10M in FY03. CMS made 30% of awards to new PI’s, compared to 28% for NSF as a whole. CMS invested about $7.5M per year in CAREER awards (now at least $400k per year and 5 years) during FY01FY03, with an overall success rate of 13% (16.5% for women, 19.2% for minorities).
Funding Rate and Demographics
NSF 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 ENG CMS CMS Female CMS Black CMS Hispanic
24% 27% 27% 30% 30%
17% 22% 20% 23% 27%
15% 15% 14% 23% 25%
21% 21% 17% 34% 38%
31% 15% 16% 25% 18%
20% 18% 16% 21% 28%
• Funding rates are declining at all levels. • CMS funding rates low compared to ENG (and NSF). • Self-identified PI’s from underrepresented groups in CMS have higher success rates compared to all PI’s.
CMS Golden Nugget: Workshops for Faculty Diversity in Civil and Mechanical Engineering
PI – Norma Jean Mattei, University of New Orleans (CMS-0305673)
• CMS supported workshops for junior faculty in CE/ME from underrepresented groups for past ten years • Topics, selected by participants, are aimed at helping junior faculty succeed in their academic careers • For example, program managers from NSF, ARO, DARPA, FHWA, NASA and ONR provide advice on grantsmanship • Participants surveys rate the workshop as excellent.
Golden Nugget: Self-Monitoring Structural Composite Materials with Integrated Sensing Networks
S. Nemat-Nessar, D. Meyer and D. Smith, University of California, San Diego
Fiber Braid with conductors
Mixed signal micro-processor Mechanical Test
Cross-disciplinary research challenges: Embedded Network topologies Data processing algorithms Micro-Sensors Composite Fabrication
Golden Nugget: World Trade Center Terrorist Attack Rapid Data Collection
David Frost, Georgia Tech CMS-0115213
• Quick Response Research Awards, approved a mere three days after the September 11th terrorist attacks. • Modified PQuake system to collect data on damaged structures at the World Trade Center (WTC). • PQuake is a Palm Pilot-based system for collecting structural and geotechnical data after earthquakes. • It utilizes a digital camera, handheld global positioning system (GPS) receiver, digital voice recorder, and software written for the Palm Pilot to directly input digitized damage information to an electronic database.
Georgia Tech students use the PQuake system to assess damage to buildings surrounding the site of the September 11th terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center.
CMS Golden Nugget: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Microscopy PI - Paul C. Lauterbur, SUNY at Stonybrook, CMS - 8008629
• Prof. Paul C. Lauterbur showed how to use nuclear magnetic resonance to obtain two-dimensional images of structures containing water [Nature, 1973] • Since water constitutes 70% of the human body, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides an ideal noninvasive method for medical diagnostics that involves no ionizing radiation. • Prof. Lauterbur was funded by the CMS division of NSF in the early 1980’s to refine nuclear magnetic resonance into a routine diagnostic technique. • In 2002, about 22,000 MRI machines were in use worldwide, and more than 60 million MRI examinations were performed. • For this contribution, Prof. Paul Lauterbur, now with University of Illinois, was awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
CMS has effective processes and investments that have produced exciting and exemplary outcomes:
q q q q
People: WEE, CAREER, PECASE, REU, RET, ADVANCE Ideas: Programs, Workshops, SGERs, Priorities Tools: The NEES Cyberinfrastructure, Major Research Instrumentation Organizational Excellence: Dwell times, mortgages, e-Jacket
Yet we face a number of dilemmas on which we need your advice :
q q q q
Very low success rates High proposal loads Reduced funds for unsolicited programs Research support for NEES
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