# Regeneration Through Feed Water Heating in Rankine Cycle

BY

Dr. P M V Subbarao Mechanical Engineering Department I I T Delhi

An Obvious Idea to reach Carnot Recommendations..

Progress in Rankine Cycle
Year MW p,Mpa Th oC Tr oC FHW
1907

1919 20 1.4 316 -2 5.1 ~17

1938 30 4.1 454 -3 4.5 27.6

1950 60 6.2 482 -4 3.4 30.5

1958 120 10.3 538 538 6 3.7 35.6

1959 200 16.2 566 538 6 3.7 37.5

1966 500 15.9 566 566 7 4.4 39.8

1973 660 15.9 565 565 8 5.4 39.5

1975 1300 24.1 538 538 8 5.1 40

5 1.3 260 ---

Pc,kPa 13.5

η,%

--

Open (Direct Contact) Feed Water Heater

Analysis of Regeneration through OFWH
Define y as fraction of mass extraction:

y=
• • •

m extraction m total

Q in = m( h5 − h4 ) Q out = m(1 − y )( h7 − h1 ) W turbine = m[ ( h5 − h6 ) + (1 − y )( h6 − h7 ) ] W pump = m[ (1 − y )( h2 − h1 ) + ( h4 − h3 ) ]
• • • • •

Energy Balance for OFWH
m× y & h6
• •

m(1 − y ) & h2
y

m& h3 m× h3 = m(1 − y ) h2 + m× y × h6 h3 − h2 = − y × h2 + y × h6 h3 − h2 y= h6 − h2
• • •

Work done by Bleed Steam

h5

h6 h3
Work done by bleed (extracted) steam:

h2 wextraction = y ( h5 − h6 )

wextraction

 h3 − h2  =  h − h  × ( h5 − h6 )   6 2

Optimum Location for Maximum work

 h3 − h2    h −h   6 2

( h5 − h6 )

O p tim u m lo c a tio n o f O F W H
0 .8 0 .7 0 .6 0 .5 0 .4 0 .3 0 .2 0 .1 0 0 2 4 6 8 p, M Pa 10 12
 h3 − h1   h −h    5 3

enthalapy ratios

 h5 − h6    h −h    6 1

14

16

E f f ic i e n c y d u e t o B le e d S t e a m
0 .1 0 .0 8 0 .0 6 Eff. 0 .0 4 0 .0 2 0 0 2 4 6 8 p, M Pa 10 12 14 16
 h3 − h1   h5 − h6    h − h × h − h      5 3  6 1

B le e d S te a m An a lys is
1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 0

wb

0 .1

0 .2 mb

0.3

0.4

0 .5

W o r k d o n e b y B le e d S t e a m
200 150 wb, kJ/kg 100 50 0 0 2 4 6 8 p, M Pa 10 12 14 16

Closed Feed Water Heater (Pumped Condensate)

Closed Feed Water Heater (Throttled Condensate)

Closed Feed Water Heater (Expanded Condensate)