Welcome

Presentation

Office of the Registrar General, India Ministry of Home Affairs

Housing, Household Amenities and Assets
- Key Results from Census 2011

DR C CHANDRAMOULI
Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India

HOUSELISTING & HOUSING CENSUS

Objective
- prepare an unambiguous frame for Population Enumeration

- collect data on housing, amenities and assets

Carried out during April- September 2010

Challenges – Diverse & Vast
• 2.4% of worlds surface area • 1.2 bn population • 2nd largest in the world

Large Population

Multi-level

• 0.6 million villages • 7933 Towns

Multi-Ethnic

• 4,635 ethnic groups • 80,000 Segments, Synonyms and Titles

Challenges – Diverse & Vast
• 2875 religions and other persuasions • 18 languages (training); 16 languages (canvassing); 6661 mother tongues

Multi-cultural

Difficult people

• Nomads, Homeless, Forest/Island Dwellers • Infants, Elderly women, Disabled

Difficult Areas

• Disturbed civil conditions • Inaccessible terrain

Census 2011 Process

House to house canvassing Scanning Image based Recognition (ICR)

Data Dissemination

Database/ Tabulation

Manual completion of unrecognized characters

Image validation

DATA COLLECTION

• 35 items of information collected • 27 lakh Census functionaries • 1.5 crore Schedules processed • 16 languages • ICR technology used for data processing • Houselisting and Housing Census excluded houseless households. The data on amenities and assets covers normal households only and excludes Institutional households

Key Results ….

HOUSING - QUANTITY
• Increase of 8 cr Census houses from 25 cr to 33 cr (T-33%;R-24%; U 54%) • Increase of 6 cr Census houses used as residential and partly residential purposes from 19 cr to 25 cr (T- 31 %; R- 23%; U- 51%) • Though figures of houseless population and infirm structures would be required for making accurate estimation of housing shortage, the trend seems to be a reducing one.

Census Houses – India 2011
(In crore)

Census Houses Total Occupied

Total 33.1 30.6

Rural 22.1 20.7

Urban 11.0 9.9

Residential
Residential-cum-other uses Non-residential

23.6 0.9
6.2

16.0 0.6
4.1

7.6 0.2
2.1

Vacant
Number of households

2.5
24.7

1.4
16.8

1.1
7.9

Variation in the Number of Census Houses – India 2001 & 2011
(In crore)

Total
Census House 2001 Number of census houses Occupied census houses Used as residence Used as residencecum-other use Housing stock Variat 2011 2001 ion %

Rural Varia 2011 tion 2001 % 22.1
20.7 16.0 0.6 16.6

Urban Varia 2011 tion % 11.0
9.9 7.6 0.2 7.8

24.9
23.3 17.9 0.8 18.7

33.1
30.6 23.6 0.9 24.5

32.8
31.3 31.7 8.8 30.7

17.8
16.8 12.9 0.6 13.5

24.3
23.1 23.9 3.3 23.0

7.2
6.5 5.0 0.2 5.2

53.8
52.1 51.6 23.3 51.0

Number of Households and the Housing Stock – India 1991-2011

30 25 20 15

Gap in Housing Stock

24.7
10

24.5

19.2 15.1 14.7

18.7

5 0 1991 Households 2001 Housing Stock 2011 (In crore)

The gap between households and housing stock is narrowing

HOUSING - QUALITY
• Decline in proportion of households using Grass/Thatch/Bamboo/ Wood/ Mud/Tiles as material of roof (T-16 pt; R-17 pt; U -9 pt) • Increase in proportion of households using GI/Metal/Asbestos sheets and Concrete (T- 14 pt; R- 13 pt; U- 9.7 pt) • Decline in proportion of households using Grass/Thatch/Bamboo/ Mud/Un burnt Brick as material of Wall (T- 9 pt; R-10 pt; U- 5 pt) • Increase in proportion of households using Burnt Brick and Stone (T- 10 pt; R- 9 pt; U - 4 pt) • Decline in proportion of households using Mud as material of floor (T- 11 pt; R- 10 pt; U – 6 pt)

Substantial improvement in Quality of Housing

Households by Material of Roof – India 1991 - 2011
HHs (in %)

Material of roof
Grass/ Thatch/Bamboo/Wood/ Mud, etc Tiles

1991
31.3 36.1 NA

2001
21.9 32.6 NA

2011
15.0 23.8 14.5

Hand made tiles
Machine made tiles GI/ Metal/ Asbestos sheets Concrete Others

NA
8.6 10.8 13.2

NA
11.6 19.8 14.1

9.3
15.9 29.0 16.3

Proportion of HHs (%)

Households by Material of Roof – India 2001 & 2011
HHs (in %)

Material Grass/Thatch/Bamboo/ Wood/Mud Tiles: Hand made tiles Machine made tiles G. I. / Metal/ Asbestos sheets Concrete

Rural
2001 27.7 37.6 NA NA 9.8 11.0 2011 20.0 28.7 18.3 10.4 15.9 18.3 6.1 7.3 Change -7.7 -8.9 2001 7.0 19.7 NA NA 16.1 42.4

Urban
2011 Change 4.6 13.2 6.2 7.0 15.9 51.9 14.4 0.2 9.5 -2.4 -6.5

Others

14.0

17.1

3.1

14.8

-0.4

Households by Material of Wall - India 1991 - 2011
HHs (in %)

Material of wall Grass/ Thatch/Bamboo, etc Mud/ Un-burnt bricks Stone Packed with mortar Not packed with mortar Burnt brick Others

1991

2001

2011

10.3
41.5 10.1 NA NA 34.2 3.9

10.2
32.2 9.4 NA NA 43.7 4.5

9.0
23.7 14.2 10.8 3.4 47.5 5.7

Proportion of HHs (%)

Households by Material of Wall – India 2001 & 2011
HHs (in %)

Material Grass/Thatch/Bamboo Mud/ Un-burnt bricks Stone Packed with mortar Not packed with mortar Burnt brick Others

Rural
2001 12.6 39.7 10.5 NA NA 34.2 2011 11.9 30.5 13.6 10.0 3.6 40.0 Change -0.7 -9.2 3.1 NA NA 5.8 2001 3.9 12.8 6.7 NA NA 68.0

Urban
2011 Change 2.7 9.3 15.0 12.3 2.7 63.5 -1.2 -3.5 8.3 NA NA -4.5

3.0

3.9

0.9

8.6

9.5

0.9

Material of Floor
HHs (in %)

Material of floor Mud Stone Cement

1991 67.0 21.3 3.8 7.9

2001 57.1 5.8 26.5 7.3 3.3

2011 46.5 8.1 31.1 10.8 3.5

Mosaic/ Floor tiles
Others

Material of Floor
3.3 7.3 26.5 31.1 5.8 8.1 3.5 10.8

Proportion of HHs (%)

100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10%

7.9 3.8 21.3 0

67 57.1 46.5

0%
1991 2001 2011

Mud

Stone

Cement

Mosaic/ Floor tiles

Rest

Households by Material of Floor – India 2001 & 2011
HHs (in %)

Material Mud Stone Cement Mosaic/ Floor tiles Others

Rural 2001

Urban

2011 Change 2001 2011 Change

72.3
4.5 18.0 2.2 3.0

62.6
6.2 24.2 3.7 3.2

-9.7
1.7 6.2 1.5 0.2

18.0
9.1 48.3 20.5 4.1

12.2
12.2 45.8 25.9 3.8

-5.8
3.1 -2.5 5.4 -0.3

HOUSING - QUALITY
• Decline in proportion of households having no exclusive room and 1 room (T – 1 pts; U – 2 pt) • Increase in proportion of households having 2 and 3 rooms (T – 2 pts; R – 1 pt; U – 2 pt) • Increase in the number of households with 1 to 4 members and decline in 5 and above members • Decrease in proportion of households with 3 or more Married Couples (T - 1 pt; R – 1; U – No change) • 87% of the households live in own houses

Distribution of Households by Number of Rooms
HHs (in %)

No. of rooms Total No exclusive room One room Two rooms Three rooms Four rooms Five rooms 3.1 38.5 30.0

2001 Rural 3.4 39.8 30.2 Urban 2.3 35.1 29.5 Total 3.9 37.1 31.7

2011 Rural 4.3 39.4 32.2 Urban 3.1 32.1 30.6

14.3
7.5 2.9 3.7

13.3
7.0 2.8 3.6

17.1
8.7 3.3 4.0

14.5
7.5 2.6 2.8

12.7
6.6 2.3 2.5

18.4
9.3 3.3 3.3

Six rooms and above

40.0 35.0 30.0 25.0 20.0 15.0 5.0 0.0 No exclusive room
3.1 3.4 2.3

38.5 39.8 35.1 30.0 30.2 29.5 14.4 13.3 17.1

45.0

10.0

Households by Number of Rooms (%)

7.5 7.0 8.7

One room Two rooms Three rooms Four rooms Five rooms & above Total Rural Urban

INDIA 2001
45.0 40.0 35.0 30.0 20.0 15.0 5.0 0.0 No exclusive room One room Two rooms Three rooms Urban Four rooms Five rooms & above
3.9 4.3 3.1 14.5 12.7 18.4 37.1 39.4 32.1

6.6 6.3 7.3

25.0

31.7 32.2 30.6

7.5 6.6 9.3

10.0

Total

Rural

INDIA 2011

5.4 4.8 6.6

Distribution of Households by Household Size India
HHs (in %)

Household Size

Total 2001 2011

Rural 2001 2011

Urban 2001 2011

All Households
1 2 3

100.0
3.6 8.2 11.1

100.0
3.7 9.7 13.6

100.0
3.5 8.2 10.4

100.0 100.0
3.7 9.8 12.6 3.7 8.2 12.7

100.0
3.6 9.5 15.9

4
5 6-8 9+

19.0
18.7 28.1 11.3

22.7
18.8 24.9 6.6

17.7
18.5 29.6 12.2

21.0
18.9 26.9 7.2

22.4
19.2 24.4 9.3

26.4
18.5 20.6 5.4

HH (%)

20.0 11.1 10.5 12.7 15.0 10.0 5.0 1 2 3 3.6 3.5 3.8 8.2 8.2 8.2

19.0 17.7

18.7 18.5 19.2

25.0

22.4

24.4

30.0

28.1 29.6

35.0

Households by Household Size (%)

4 HH - Size Rural Urban

5

6-8

INDIA 2001
Total 30.0 25.0 13.7 12.6 15.9 20.0 HH (%) 15.0 9.7 9.8 9.6 10.0 5.0 1 2 3 4 HH - Size Rural Urban 5 6-8 9+ 3.7 3.7 3.6 22.7 21.0 24.9 26.9 18.8 18.9 18.5 20.6 26.4

11.4 12.2 9.3 9+

Total

INDIA 2011

6.6 7.2 5.5

Number of Married Couples in a Household
HHs (in %)

No. of married couples

Total 2001 2011

Rural 2001 2011

Urban 2001 2011

None
1 2 3

11.1
70.3 13.5 3.6

11.6
70.1 14.1 3.2

10.5
69.3 14.6 4.0

11.1
69.6 14.9 3.4

12.6
73.0 10.8 2.7

12.7
71.2 12.6 2.9

4
5+

1.0
0.5

0.7
0.2

1.1
0.5

0.8
0.3

0.7
0.3

0.6
0.2

Distribution of Households by Tenure Status
(in %)

Status Owned Total Rural Urban Rented Total Rural

1991 86.3 94.6 63.1 11.8 4.0

2001 86.7 94.4 66.8 10.5 3.6

2011 86.6 94.7 69.2 11.1 3.4

Urban Others
Total Rural Urban

34.1
1.8 1.5 2.8

28.5
2.8 2.1 4.7

27.5
2.4 1.9 3.3

Distribution of Households by Tenure Status - Owned

Household Amenities

AMENITIES
• Drinking Water:

87% of households using Tap, Tube well, Hand pump and Covered well as source of drinking water 32% households using Tap water from treated sources 47% of households have source of water within the premises (R – 35%; U – 71%) 36% of households have to fetch water from a source located within 500 m in rural areas/100 m in urban areas 18% still fetch drinking water from a source located more than 500 m away in rural areas or 100 m in urban areas

 

Drinking Water Sources
Number of Households (in crore)

Sources

Percentage

1. Tap:
(a) From treated sources

10.74
7.89

43.5
32.0

(b) From un-treated sources
2. Well (a) Covered well (b) Un-covered well 3. Hand pump 4. Tube well / Borehole 5.All others

2.85
2.72 0.38 2.33 8.25 2.09 0.86

11.6
11.0 1.6 9.4 33.5 8.5 3.5

RANKING : TAP

Main Sources of Drinking Water- INDIA 2011
8.48 3.48 31.97

33.48

11.57 1.58 Covered Well Tube well / Borehole

9.44 Tap (treated) Uncovered Well Others Tap (untreated) Hand pump

Selected Drinking Water Sources India 2011
HHs (in %)

Tap Water

Hand Pump

Covered well

Tube well / Borehole

Total

43.5 30.8 70.6

33.5 43.6 11.9

1.6 1.5 1.7

8.5 8.3 8.9

Rural
Urban

Distribution of Households by Major Sources of Drinking Water
(HH in %)

Total/ Rural/ Urban

Tap 1991 2001 2011

Hand pump & Tube-well 1991 2001 2011 1991

Well 2001 2011

Total Rural Urban Rural – Urban Diff.

32.3 20.6 65.1 44.5

36.7 24.3 68.7 44.4

43.5 30.8 70.6 39.8

30.0 34.9 16.3 -18.6

41.2 48.9 21.4 -27.5

42.0 51.9 20.8 -31.1

32.2 38.0 15.9 -22.1

18.2 22.2 7.7 -14.5

11.0 13.3 6.2 -7.1

Source of Drinking Water Tap, Hand pump & Well
50.00 45.00 40.00 35.00 30.00 25.00 20.00 15.00 10.00 5.00 18.20 32.30 32.20 30.00

Proportion of HHs (%)

43.50 42.00

41.20
36.70

11.00

1991
Tap

2001
Hand pump/ Borehole Well

2011

Distribution of Households by Source of Drinking Water – Tap

Distribution of Households by Source of Drinking Water – Hand pump & Tube well

Access to Drinking Water Source - India
(HH in %)

TRU

Within premises 2001 2011 46.6

Near * 2001 44.3 2011 35.8

Away @ 2001 16.7 2011 17.6

Total

39.0

Rural
Urban R-U Diff

28.0
65.4 37.4

35.0
71.2 36.2

51.8
25.2 -26.6

42.9
20.7 -22.2

19.5
9.4 -10.1

22.1
8.0 -14.1

*: ‘Near’- Within 500 metres in rural areas or within 100 metres in urban areas @: ‘Away’- 500 metres or beyond in rural areas or 100 metres or beyond in urban areas

AMENITIES
• Main source of lighting

67% households use electricity (R – 55%; U- 93%)


Increase of 11pt over 2001 (R – 12 pt; U- 5 pt)
Rural Urban difference reduced by 7 pts from 44 pts in 2001 to 37 pts in 2011


31% of households use Kerosene (R – 43%; U- 7%)
Decline of 12 pt over 2001 (R – 12 pt; U- 5 pt)

Main Source of Lighting, 2011 India

Source of lighting

Households (in crore)

Percentage

Electricity Kerosene
Solar energy Other Oil Any Other No lighting
RANKING : ELECTRICITY

16.58 7.75
0.11 0.05 0.05 0.11

67.3 31.4
0.4 0.2 0.2 0.5

Main Source of Lighting - INDIA 2011
1%
0% 0% 1%

Proportion of HHs (%)

31%

67%

Electricity

Kerosene

Solar Energy

Other Oil

Any Other

No Lighting

Households having Electricity as Main Source of Lighting - India
(HH in %)

Electricity 1991 Total Rural Urban R-U Diff 42.4 27.2 64.8 37.6 2001 55.9 43.5 87.6 44.1 2011 67.3 55.3 92.7 37.4

Change (pts) 2001-11 11.4 11.8 5.1

Households using Electricity as Source of Lighting

AMENITIES

Bathing facility:
  

58% households have bathing facility (R – 45%;U – 87%) Increase of 22 pts over 2001 ( R -22 pts; U – 17 pts) Rural-Urban difference reduced by 26 pts from 48 pts in 2001 to 22 pts in 2011

Households Having Bathing Facility Within the Premises - 2011 India
(in %)

Having bathing facility within premises Have facility Does not have facility

Bathroom

Enclosure without roof 16.4
19.7 9.5

Total
Rural Urban

42.0
25.4 77.5

41.6
55.0 13.0

Households Having Bathing Facility Within the Premises - India
(HH in %)

Have bathing facility 2001 Total Rural Urban R-U Diff 36.1 22.8 70.4 47.6 2011 58.4 45.0 87.0 22.0

Change (pts) 2001-11 22.3 22.2 16.6

AMENITIES
• Drainage connectivity:
  

51% households have drainage facility (R – 37%;U – 82%) 18% households have closed drainage (R – 6%;U – 45%) 33% households have open drainage (R – 31%;U – 37%)


 

49% households have no drainage facility (R– 63%; U – 18%)
5 pt decline in households having no drainage (R–3 pt;U – 4 pt) Rural-Urban difference in no drainage increased by 1 pt from 44 pt in 2001 to 45 pts in 2011

Households Having Drainage Connectivity - India : 2001 & 2011
(HH in %)

Have facility Closed drainage 2001 Total 12.5 2011 18.1 Open drainage 2001 33.9 2011 33.0

No drainage 2001 53.6 2011 48.9

Rural
Urban Rural-Urban Diff.

3.9
34.5 30.6

5.8
44.5 38.7

30.3
43.4 13.1

31.0
37.3 6.3

65.8
22.1 -43.7

63.3
18.2 -45.1

AMENITIES

Latrine within premises:

   

47% households have latrine facility (R – 31%;U – 81%)
36% households have water closet (R – 19%;U – 73%) 9% households have pit latrine (R – 11%;U – 7%) 1% households have other types of latrine (R– 1%; U – 2%) 11 pt decline in households having no latrine (R–9 pt;U –8 pt

Households having latrine facility within the premises - 2011 India
Sources 1. Have latrine facility a. Flush/ pour flush connected to (i) Piped water system (ii) Septic tank (iii) Other system b. Pit latrine (i) With slab/ ventilated (ii) Without slab/ Open pit c. Night soil disposed into open drain d. Service latrine (i) Night soil removed by human Number of Households (in crore) 11.57 8.99 2.95 5.48 0.56 2.33 1.88 0.45 0.13 0.13 0.08 HHs having latrine facility within premises (%) 100.0 77.6 25.4 47.3 4.9 20.0 16.2 3.8 1.1 1.1 0.7

(ii) Night soil serviced by animal
RANKING : LATRINE WITHIN PREMISES

0.05

0.4

Households Having Latrine Facility India : 2001 & 2011
(HH in %)

Have latrine facility within premises

Do not have latrine facility within premises

2001
Total Rural Urban Rural-Urban Diff. 36.4 21.9 73.7 51.8

2011
46.9 30.7 81.4 50.7

2001
63.6 78.1 26.3 -51.8

2011
53.0 69.3 18.6 -50.7

Households having No Latrine Facility
- India : 2001 & 2011

AMENITIES

Kitchen

61% households have Kitchen facility (R – 53%;U – 79%)
56% households have Kitchen facility within premises (R – 45%;U – 78%)

6% households have Kitchen facility outside premises (R – 7%;U – 2%).

Households Having Separate Kitchen 2011, India
(HH in %)

Availability of kitchen

Total

Rural

Urban

Total 1. Cooking inside house: (a) Has kitchen (b) Does not have kitchen 2. Cooking outside house (a) Has kitchen (b) Does not have kitchen 3. No cooking
RANKING : HAS KITCHEN

100.0 87.3 55.8 31.5 12.4 5.5 6.8 0.3

100.0 83.3 45.4 37.9 16.4 7.3 9.1 0.2

100.00 93.0 70.3 22.7 6.5 3.0 3.5 0.5

AMENITIES

Fuel Used for Cooking

67% households use firewood/crop residue, cow dung cake/coal etc (R –87%;U – 26%)
29% households use LPG/PNG/Electricity/Biogas (R – 12%;U – 66%) 3% households use Kerosene (R – 1%;U – 8%) Increase of 11 pts in use of LPG (R – 6 pt; U – 17 pt)

 

Fuel used for Cooking 2011 India
Fuel used for cooking 2001 1. Fire-wood 2. Crop residue 3. Cow dung cake 4. Coal, Lignite, Charcoal 5. Kerosene 6. LPG/ PNG 7. Electricity 8. Biogas 9. Any other 10. No cooking
RANKING : FIREWOOD RANKING : LPG/PNG

Total 2011

Rural 2001 2011

Urban 2001 2011

52.5 10.0 9.8 2.0

49.0 8.9 8.0 1.4 2.9 28.5 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.3

64.1 13.1 12.8 1.1

62.5 12.3 10.9 0.8

22.7 2.1 2.0 4.6

20.1 1.4 1.7 2.9

6.5
17.5 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.3

1.6
5.7 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.2

0.7
11.4 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.2

19.2
48.0 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.6

7.5
65.0 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.5

Kerosene, 2.9

Coal, Lignite, Biogas, 0.41 Charcoal, 1.45

Electricity, 0.1 Any other, 0.48

Cow dung cake, 7.95

Crop residue, 8.85 Fire-wood, 48.98

LPG/ PNG, 28.55

Households by Fuel Used for Cooking
Fire-wood
Cow dung cake Biogas

LPG/ PNG
Kerosene Electricity

Crop residue
Coal, Lignite, Charcoal Any other

India 2011

Households using Firewood as Fuel Used in Cooking

Households using LPG/PNG as Fuel Used in Cooking

Household Assets

Households Availing Banking Services India 2001 & 2011 Census
Number of HHs (in crore) 2001 Availing banking services Total 6.82 4.16 2.66 14.48 35.54 58.70 2011

Percentages 2001 2011

Rural
Urban R – U Difference

9.14
5.34

30.11
49.52 19.4

54.44
67.77 13.3

ASSETS
• Radio/Transistor:
 

20% households have Radio/Transistor (R – 17%;U – 25%) Decrease of 15 pts (R – 14 pt;U – 19 pt)

• Television:
 

47% households have Television (R – 33%;U –77%) Increase of 16 pts (R – 14 pt;U – 12 pt)

Households Possessing Assets

Radio/Transistor: 4.9 crore (19.9%) households
Rural – 17.3% & Urban – 25.3%) (Decreased by T: 15.2 pts; R: 14.2; U: 19.2)

Television: 11.7 crore (47.2%) households
Rural – 33.4% & Urban – 76.7%) (Increased by T: 15.6 pts; R: 14.5; U: 12.4)

ASSETS

• Computer/Laptop: • About 20% households in urban areas and 5% in rural areas possess the asset

• Computer/Laptop:
• 9% households have Computer/laptop (R -5%; U – 19%) • 3% households have Internet (R -1%; U – 8%) • 6% households have no internet (R-4%; U-10%)

Household Possessing Assets: Computer – India 2011 Census
(HH in %)

Assets

Total

Rural

Urban

Computer: Computer/Laptop - With Internet Computer/Laptop - Without Internet

9.5 3.1 6.4

5.2 0.7 4.5

18.7 8.3 10.4

RANKING : COMPUTER

ASSETS

• Telephone
  •

63% households have Telephone (R – 54%;U – 82%) Increase of 54 pts (R – 51 pt;U – 59 pt)

Mobile phone:

59% households have Mobile Telephone (R – 51%;U – 76%)

Households Possessing Assets Telephone/Mobile - India

(HH in %)

Assets Telephone/Mobile: Landline only

Total 63.2 4.0 53.2 6.0

Rural 54.4 3.1 48.0 3.3

Urban 82.0 6.0

Mobile only
Both
RANKING : MOBILE

64.3
11.7

Assets Possessed by Households Mobile Phones

ASSETS
• 4 Wheelers (Car/Jeep/Van)
 

5% households have 4 Wheelers (R – 2%;U – 10%) Increase of 2 pts (R – 1 pt;U – 4 pt)

• 2 Wheelers (Scooter/Motorcycle/Moped)
 

21% households have 2 Wheelers (R – 14%;U – 35%) Increase of 9 pts (R – 8 pt;U – 11pt)

• Bicycle
 

45% households have Bicycles (R – 46%;U – 42%)

Increase of 1 pts (R – 3 pt;U – (-) 4 pt)

Bicycle: 11.1 crore (44.8%) households
(Rural – 46.2% & Urban – 42%)
(Increase by T: 1.1 pts; R: 3.4; U: - 4.0)

Car/Jeep/ Van: 1.1 crore (4.7%) households
(Rural – 2.3% & Urban – 9.8%) (Increased by T: 2.1 pts; R: 1.0; U: 4.1)

Scooter/Motor Cycle/Moped: 5.2 crore (21.0%) households
(Rural – 14.3% & Urban – 35.2%) (Increased by T: 21.0 pts; R: 14.3; U: 35.2)

Assets Possessed by Households Computer with Internet

ASSETS

No asset

18% households do not have any of the specified assets (R – 23%;U –7%) Decrease of 7 pts (R – 22 pts; U – 26 pt)

Households Possessing None of the Specified Assets - India

None of the specified assets 2001 Total Rural 34.5 40.5 2011 17.8 22.9

Change (pts) 2001-11 -16.9 -17.6

Urban
R-U Diff

19.0
-21.5

7.0
-15.9

-12.0

RANKING : NONE OF THE ASSETS

Households not Possessing any of the Specified Assets

For more details visit:

censusindia.gov.in

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