Quanta1 min readMathematics
How Complex Is a Knot? New Proof Reveals Ranking System That Works.
“Ribbon concordance” will let mathematicians compare knots by linking them across four-dimensional space. The post How Complex Is a Knot? New Proof Reveals Ranking System That Works. first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min read
Puzzling Quantum Scenario Appears Not to Conserve Energy
By resolving a paradox about light in a box, researchers hope to clarify the concept of energy in quantum theory. The post Puzzling Quantum Scenario Appears Not to Conserve Energy first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min read
Black Hole Image Reveals the Beast Inside the Milky Way’s Heart
In 2019, the Event Horizon Telescope released a historic image of a supermassive black hole in another galaxy. The follow-up — an image of Sagittarius A* — shows it shimmering at the center of our own. The post Black Hole Image Reveals the
Quanta1 min readChemistry
Why ‘De-Extinction’ Is Impossible (But Could Work Anyway)
Several projects are aiming to bring back mammoths and other species that have vanished from the planet. Whether that’s technically possible is beside the point. The post Why ‘De-Extinction’ Is Impossible (But Could Work Anyway) first appe
Quanta1 min read
Physicists Pin Down How Quantum Uncertainty Sharpens Measurements
Throwing out data seems to make measurements of distances and angles more precise. The reason why has been traced to Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. The post Physicists Pin Down How Quantum Uncertainty Sharpens Measurements first appea
Quanta1 min readMathematics
New Proof Illuminates the Hidden Structure of Common Equations
Van der Waerden’s conjecture mystified mathematicians for 85 years. Its solution shows how polynomial roots relate to one another. The post New Proof Illuminates the Hidden Structure of Common Equations first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min readSecurity
Which Computational Universe Do We Live In?
Cryptographers want to know which of five possible worlds we inhabit, which will reveal whether truly secure cryptography is even possible. The post Which Computational Universe Do We Live In? first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min readIntelligence (AI) & Semantics
Researchers Gain New Understanding From Simple AI
Language processing programs are notoriously hard to interpret, but smaller versions can provide important insights into how they work. The post Researchers Gain New Understanding From Simple AI first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min readChemistry
Life With Longer Genetic Codes Seems Possible — but Less Likely
Life could use a more expansive genetic code in theory, but new work shows that improving on three-letter codons would be a challenge. The post Life With Longer Genetic Codes Seems Possible — but Less Likely first appeared on Quanta Magazi
Quanta1 min read
Newly Measured Particle Seems Heavy Enough to Break Known Physics
A new analysis of W bosons suggests these particles are significantly heavier than predicted by the Standard Model of particle physics. The post Newly Measured Particle Seems Heavy Enough to Break Known Physics first appeared on Quanta Mag
Quanta1 min read
Mitochondria Double As Tiny Lenses In The Eye
The optical properties of mitochondrial bundles in the retina may improve how efficiently the eye captures light. The post Mitochondria Double as Tiny Lenses in the Eye first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min readMathematics
Father-Son Team Solves Geometry Problem With Infinite Folds
The result could help researchers answer a larger question about flattening objects from the fourth dimension to the third dimension. The post Father-Son Team Solves Geometry Problem With Infinite Folds first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min readMathematics
Dennis Sullivan, Uniter of Topology and Chaos, Wins the Abel Prize
The American mathematician invented entire new ways to understand shapes and spaces. The post Dennis Sullivan, Uniter of Topology and Chaos, Wins the Abel Prize first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min read
A New Tool for Finding Dark Matter Digs Up Nothing
Physicists are devising clever new ways to exploit the extreme sensitivity of gravitational wave detectors like LIGO. But so far, they’ve seen no signs of exotica. The post A New Tool for Finding Dark Matter Digs Up Nothing first appeared
Quanta1 min read
An Antimatter Experiment Shows Surprises Near Absolute Zero
An experiment conducted on hybrid matter-antimatter atoms has defied researchers’ expectations. The post An Antimatter Experiment Shows Surprises Near Absolute Zero first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min readMathematics
Math’s ‘Oldest Problem Ever’ Gets a New Answer
A new proof significantly strengthens a decades-old result about the ubiquity of ways to represent whole numbers as sums of unit fractions. The post Math’s ‘Oldest Problem Ever’ Gets a New Answer first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min readChemistry
Peptides on Stardust May Have Provided a Shortcut to Life
The discovery that short peptides can form spontaneously on cosmic dust hints at more of a role for them in the earliest stages of life’s origin, on Earth or elsewhere. The post Peptides on Stardust May Have Provided a Shortcut to Life fir
Quanta1 min readMathematics
In New Math Proofs, Artificial Intelligence Plays to Win
A new computer program fashioned after artificial intelligence systems like AlphaGo has solved several open problems in combinatorics and graph theory. The post In New Math Proofs, Artificial Intelligence Plays to Win first appeared on Qua
Quanta1 min read
Scientists Watch a Memory Form in a Living Brain
While watching a fearful memory take shape in the brain of a living fish, neuroscientists see an unexpected level of rewiring occur in the synaptic connections. The post Scientists Watch a Memory Form in a Living Brain first appeared on Qu
Quanta1 min read
Four Years On, New Experiment Sees No Sign of ‘Cosmic Dawn’
When astronomers tried to confirm a signal from the birth of the first stars after the Big Bang, they saw nothing. The post Four Years On, New Experiment Sees No Sign of ‘Cosmic Dawn’ first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min read
Most Complete Simulation of a Cell Probes Life’s Hidden Rules
A 3D digital model of a “minimal cell” leads scientists closer to understanding the barest requirements for life. The post Most Complete Simulation of a Cell Probes Life’s Hidden Rules first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min readIntelligence (AI) & Semantics
AI Overcomes Stumbling Block on Brain-Inspired Hardware
Algorithms that use the brain’s communication signal can now work on analog neuromorphic chips, which closely mimic our energy-efficient brains. The post AI Overcomes Stumbling Block on Brain-Inspired Hardware first appeared on Quanta Maga
Quanta1 min readChemistry
The Mysterious Forces Inside the Nucleus Grow a Little Less Strange
The strong force holds protons and neutrons together, but the theory behind it is largely inscrutable. Two new approaches show how it works. The post The Mysterious Forces Inside the Nucleus Grow a Little Less Strange first appeared on Qua
Quanta1 min readMathematics
An Ancient Geometry Problem Falls to New Mathematical Techniques
Three mathematicians show, for the first time, how to form a square with the same area as a circle by cutting them into interchangeable pieces that can be visualized. The post An Ancient Geometry Problem Falls to New Mathematical Technique
Quanta1 min read
How the Physics of Resonance Shapes Reality
The same phenomenon by which an opera singer can shatter a wineglass also underlies the very existence of subatomic particles. The post How the Physics of Resonance Shapes Reality first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min readIntelligence (AI) & Semantics
Any Single Galaxy Reveals the Composition of an Entire Universe
In computer simulations of possible universes, researchers have discovered that a neural network can infer the amount of matter in a whole universe by studying just one of its galaxies. The post Any Single Galaxy Reveals the Composition of
Quanta1 min readMathematics
Computer Scientists Eliminate Pesky Quantum Computations
For years, intermediate measurements made it hard to quantify the complexity of quantum algorithms. New work establishes that those measurements aren’t necessary after all. The post Computer Scientists Eliminate Pesky Quantum Computations
Quanta1 min read
Symmetries Reveal Clues About the Holographic Universe
Physicists have been busy exploring how our universe might emerge like a hologram out of a two-dimensional sheet. New clues have come from the symmetries found on an infinitely distant “celestial sphere.” The post Symmetries Reveal Clues
Quanta1 min readMathematics
Euler’s 243-Year-Old ‘Impossible’ Puzzle Gets a Quantum Solution
A surprising new solution to Leonhard Euler’s famous “36 officers puzzle” offers a novel way of encoding quantum information. The post Euler’s 243-Year-Old ‘Impossible’ Puzzle Gets a Quantum Solution first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min read
Qubits Can Be as Safe as Bits, Researchers Show
A new result shows that quantum information can theoretically be protected from errors just as well as classical information can. The post Qubits Can Be as Safe as Bits, Researchers Show first appeared on Quanta Magazine
…Or Discover Something New