History of War1 min read
The Last Princes
Dropping off the radar with the rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party, Wilhelm’s third son Adalbert moved to Switzerland with his wife and two children during the 1930s and lived out the rest of his life there in exile. The sixth and youngest son Joachim
History of War4 min read
Derry-Londonderry’s Tower Museum has launched a new exhibition to commemorate the 50th anniversary of a remarkable maritime discovery La Trinidad Valencera was a 1,000-tonne Venetian merchant ship that was commandeered by the Spanish in Sicily. She
History of War1 min read
Two centuries ago this month, Napoleon Bonaparte died while exiled on an obscure island in the South Atlantic, St Helena. It was without doubt a pitiful end for a leader who had singlehandedly changed the course of history. After his defeat at Waterl
History of War1 min read
The Kaiser's Gamble
History of War4 min read
Comet A34
Borrowed from the preceding Cromwell, the Comet hull was stretched to accommodate a larger turret ring along with its crew of five. The hull was welded in a low configuration to minimise the overall height of the vehicle. Vickers-Armstrong reconfigur
History of War1 min read
The acclaimed author and historian spoke with History of War this issue. Over on page 29 he discusses the history of Napoleon’s exile on St Helena, some of the bizarre escape plans to free him, and the controversy surrounding his death. Belgium-base
History of War3 min read
A Second Escape
Napoleon’s exile on St Helena was a world away from his sovereignty on the island of Elba. Security was tight and Governor Lowe made sure that the Emperor was watched night and day, determined that the mistakes of the past would not be repeated. Yet
History of War8 min read
Escape Plans And Conspiracies
Sir Brian Unwin is the author of Terrible Exile: The Last Days Of Napoleon On St Helena and a former civil servant. He is also on the board of The British Napoleonic Bicentenary Trust. “The Trust was set up nearly 18 months ago to commemorate the 200
History of War7 min read
Five Secret Female Soldiers
When we think of women contributing to the war effort, we naturally have an image of a woman working in armaments, driving ambulances or nursing during the First or Second World War. In reality, women have been serving in the military for centuries,
History of War4 min readHistory (Religion)
Until Afonso, Portugal was territorially split between a Christian county that owed allegiance to Castile-León and the Muslim Almoravid dynasty. Afonso’s own maternal grandfather was Alfonso VI of Castile-León and he became count of Portugal as a chi
History of War2 min readInternational Relations
16th Century Dutch Sword
The 80 Years’ War (1568-1648) was the prolonged, bloody attempt by the ‘Seventeen Provinces’ of the Habsburg Netherlands to gain freedom from Spanish rule. Although the provinces consisted of territory that now encompasses modern Belgium, Luxembourg
History of War8 min read
A Kaiser Without A Kingdom
At 5am on Sunday 10 November 1918, a convoy of nine Daimler touring cars raced through the Belgian countryside towards the Dutch border. Inside were officers loyal to the Imperial German Army and with them – in full military attire, complete with a c
History of War1 min read
Having lost at the Battle of Waterloo, Napoleon fled, eventually reaching the port of Rochefort. Napoleon embarks the HMS Bellerophon, hoping to settle quietly in Britain. On 31 July 1815, he learns that his final destination is St Helena. The ex-Emp
History of War2 min readInternational Relations
On 11 April 1814 Napoleon abdicated the throne and, as a result of the Treaty of Fontainebleau, was exiled to the small Mediterranean island of Elba. A mere two years earlier he had launched an Invasion of Russia, which had ended in disaster when his
History of War8 min read
Even its main proponent, US General Douglas MacArthur, only gave this desperate military gamble a one-in-5,000 chance for success, but it turned the tide of a war that still shapes today’s world. The legacy of the Korean War (1950-53) is still a star
History of War2 min readPolitics
Before the Nazis even seized power Wilhelm had Hermine, an advocate of National Socialism, approach the Nazis. His aim was to persuade them to restore the monarchy and himself as kaiser. It’s doubtful Hitler ever seriously considered Wilhelm’s reques
History of War8 min read
Napoleon’s Downfall
On 21 June 1815, three days after his defeat at Waterloo, Napoleon left his army for Paris. As a letter written from Philippeville to his brother Joseph demonstrates, the Emperor believed that his position was not entirely compromised: “All is not lo
History of War3 min read
El Cid Master Of The Battlefield?
Known to the Spanish as El Campeador, ‘Master of the Battlefield’, and to the Muslims as El Cid, from the Arabic ‘Al Sayyid’, ‘The Master’, few figures capture the spirit of the mid-Reconquista tug-of-war than Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar. In the millennium
History of War3 min read
Timeline Of The... Reconquista
The Islamic Umayyad Caliphate invades Iberia. A Christian Visigoth king is defeated in battle and the new Umayyad province of Al-Andalus covers the vast majority of the peninsula. The Visigoths retreat and regroup into a small kingdom called Asturias
History of War2 min readInternational Relations
Find History Of War Books On Sale Now!
WWII claimed over 70 million lives during six years of savage fighting, many of them civilians trapped in the path of invading armies hellbent on victory at all costs. Yet despite events such as Dunkirk, Pearl Harbour and D-Day rightly being commemor
History of War3 min read
Reconquista What’s In A Name?
The Emirate of Granada’s surrender in 1492 marked the formal end of Muslim rule on the Iberian Peninsula. Soon after, the conquerors began forced conversions of Muslims, culminating in the expulsion of all Muslims and Jews from Spain. The Christian v
History of War2 min read
15 Sep 1950
The approaches to Inchon are long and narrow. It's the sort of area such a large fleet finds it difficult to navigate in the dark, while the ships are bunched up and very vulnerable to enemy attack. Assistance is provided by US Navy Lieutenant Eugene
History of War1 min read
History of War
Editor-in-Chief Tim Williamson timothy.williamson@futurenet.com Senior Designer Curtis Fermor-Dunman Features Editor Tom Garner Production Editor Iain Noble Senior Art Editor Duncan Crook Hareth al Bustani, Murray Dahm, Charles Ginger, Stuart Hadaway
History of War2 min read
May 1941
British soldiers pose next to the wreckage of Rudolf Hess’ Messerschmitt ME110, which he had crashed in Scotland on 10 May. The bizarre and daring flight of Hitler’s right-hand man took both German and British authorities by total surprise. Hess clai
History of War7 min read
Lewis Millett
The UN forces in Korea endured a disastrous start to 1951. On 31 December 1950 the Chinese 13th Army breached UN defences below the 38th parallel as part of the Third Phase Campaign and, on 3 January, Seoul was evacuated by the US Eighth Army. The Ei
History of War3 min read
The Battle Of Las Navas De Tolosa
In the 12th century, the Muslim Berber Almohad Caliphate emerged from Morocco’s Atlas Mountains into southern Andalusia, uniting the various Muslim principalities that had once been part of the collapsed Almoravid dynasty. With their Maghreb power ba
History of War5 min read
Falklands Sinkings
The 1982 invasion of the Falkland Islands posed a unique threat to Britain’s military. Located over 8,000 miles away in the South Atlantic, any operation to confront the Argentinian occupation of the islands was bound to rely heavily on the Royal Nav
History of War1 min read
Comet Cruiser Tank
History of War2 min read
Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) Privates Hiscocks, Bowron, Morrison and James enjoy a spot of tea during a voluntary ‘domestic science’ course for servicewomen based in the London area. The course was designed to teach servicewomen how to keep a
History of War1 min read
Further Reading
JCGRöhl, Kaiser Wilhelm: A Concise Life, Cambridge University Press 2014 SR A’Barrow, Death Of A Nation: A New History Of Germany, Book Guild Publishing 2015 C Clark, Iron Kingdom: The Rise And Downfall Of Prussia 1600-1947, Penguin 2007 IKershaw, To
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