Military History2 min readInternational Relations
What We Learned From… The Battle of Schmidt, 1944
On Nov. 2, 1944, the U.S. 28th Infantry Division moved to capture the town of Schmidt, which controlled many key roads through Germany’s Hürtgen Forest. The hilly and impenetrably wooded Hürtgenwald was the last major physical barrier before the wide
Military History2 min read
Hardware M4A3E8 Sherman
Entering combat late in 1942, the M4 Sherman provided the U.S. Army with a solid, reliable medium tank. By 1943, however, it was clearly outgunned by the German Panther’s high-velocity 75 mm cannon and the Tiger’s fearsome 88 mm gun. The British modi
Military History9 min readWars & Military
Under The Hammer
The Franks gasped and strained as they rolled the massive log battering ram up against the main gate at Avignon. From the battlements above Muslim garrison troops rained heavy stones and torches down on the attackers, yet the siege engine’s thick, pe
Military History10 min readPolitics
A Method To His Madness
The only thing Dutch about Raymond Paul Pierre Westerling was his blood. Born on Aug. 31, 1919, in the ancient city of Istanbul, where several generations of Westerling men had made their living as antique dealers, young Raymond showed signs of the a
Military History1 min read
Military History
MICHAEL A. REINSTEIN CHAIRMAN & PUBLISHER DAVID STEINHAFEL PUBLISHER ALEX NEILL EDITOR IN CHIEF STEPHEN HARDING EDITOR DAVID LAUTERBORN MANAGING EDITOR ZITA BALLINGER FLETCHER SENIOR EDITOR JON GUTTMAN RESEARCH DIRECTOR DAVID T. ZABECKI CHIEF MILITAR
Military History2 min readInternational Relations
Indonesian Insurgency
At the turn of the 20th century the Dutch East Indies (as Indonesia was known) remained a colonial outpost whose administrators grew wealthy trading in such goods as spices, coffee, sugar and other commodities. Amsterdam showed its appreciation by in
Military History3 min read
Not Nimitz
[Re: “Museum of the Pacific War Upgrades Nimitz Gallery,” News, by Brendan Manley, July 2020:] The following statement is made about Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz: “… and presided over Japan’s formal surrender aboard the battleship USS Missouri in Tok
Military History1 min readInternational Relations
To Hell Week And Back
Perhaps the most important lesson learned from the illstarred 1915 Allied landings on Turkey’s Gallipoli peninsula during World War I was the importance of both gathering intelligence on an objective and clearing mines and other obstacles from the be
Military History2 min read
‘Merrill’s Marauders’ Earn Congressional Gold Medal
In October 2020 President Donald J. Trump approved the Congressional Gold Medal for the U.S. Army’s 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional)—the storied World War II jungle fighters better known as “Merrill’s Marauders.” Time correspondent James Shepley b
Military History12 min read
Not In Colorado Anymore
There were far safer assignments during World War II than hiding amid tropical rainforests on Japanese-occupied islands to spy on the enemy and radio information to Allied intelligence. Capture was an all-too-real possibility and would spell certain
Military History1 min read
California Air Guardsmen Awarded Dfcs For Rescue
In September 2020 President Trump awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross to seven guardsmen from two California Army National Guard aircrews that repeatedly flew into the midst of a Sierra National Forest wildfire to rescue hundreds of trapped camper
Military History10 min read
Black Hawk’s Folly
Sometimes referred to as the “Forgotten War,” the War of 1812 officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent by delegates of the United States and Britain in Belgium on Christmas Eve 1814. News traveled slowly in the Age of Sail, however. T
Military History1 min read
Wwii German Cruiser Found Off Norway
Norwegian state-run power grid operator Statnett has confirmed discovery of the wreck of the World War II German cruiser Karlsruhe, sunk in battle off Kristiansand on April 9, 1940. Resting at 1,600 feet in the Skagerrak strait, the 571-foot warship
Military History12 min read
A Marine On The Nile
After a month’s march through sand amid the ruins and palm trees lining the Nubian Nile an invading Egyptian army of cutthroats and mercenaries drawn from across the Ottoman empire encountered its first real resistance at the town of Kurti on Nov. 4,
Military History1 min read
War Record
Pepin of Herstal, self-proclaimed duke and prince of the Franks, dies, having named a grandson heir. But following a civil war his illegitimate son Charles (P. 24) rises to lead the Franks, earning the moniker le Martel (“the Hammer”) in battle with
Military History6 min read
Black Jack’s Men
Pershing’s Lieutenants: American Military Leadership in World War I, edited by David T. Zabecki and Douglas V. Mastriano, Osprey Publishing, New York, 2020, $35 The Army with which the United States entered World War I was not the U.S. Army of today,
Military History2 min read
D-day ‘Theme Park’ Sparks Controversy
Public outcry is brewing, particularly among French veterans of World War II, over a proposed Normandy attraction called Homage to the Heroes, slated to open in 2024 in time for the 80th anniversary of the June 6, 1944, Allied invasion. Opponents con
Military History1 min read
Recommended
By John Gooch This account of Italy’s experience outlines the rise, initial triumph and eventual fall of the Fascists, from the invasion of Abyssinia to Benito Mussolini’s arrest. The war’s results were at odds with prewar Italian plans—a series of d
Military History1 min read
British Fighting Dog Earns Dickin Medal
The People’s Dispensary for Sick Animals, a noted British veterinary charity, has awarded its Dickin Medal for gallantry—the “animals’ Victoria Cross”—to Kuno, a Belgian Malinois that in 2019 charged through gunfire to aid pinned-down British special
Military History3 min read
Hallowed Ground Jasenovac Concentration Camp, Croatia
While not as instantly recognizable as Dachau or Buchenwald, Jasenovac concentration camp has nevertheless been described as the “Auschwitz of the Balkans” in recognition of its size and the scale of horrors that occurred there during World War II. I
Military History1 min readPolitics
Covid Aid Coming For Holocaust Survivors
Over the next two years Germany will provide $662 million in aid to some 240,000 holocaust survivors suffering hardship due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The recipients, who were children during World War II, reside primarily in Israel, North America, th
Military History2 min read
War Games
Can you match each of the following commanders to the invaders he drove from his home territory? 1. Holy Roman Emperor Otto I2. Ferdinand II of Aragon3. Themistocles4. Menelik II5. Alexander Nevsky6. Charlemagne7. Zhu Yuanzhang8. Dmitry Donskoy of Mo
Military History1 min readInternational Relations
Honor Regained
Decades before Washington led American Patriots to victory, his military career began amid British and French tensions in North America. Lt. Col. Washington’s first taste of combat came in 1754 at Jumonville Glen, Pa., when his Virginia militia ambus
Military History1 min read
Captured!
During a late-1950s test flight a soldier simulates firing his M1 carbine while perched atop a prototype of Hiller Aircraft’s VZ-1 Pawnee one-man flying platform. Powered by ducted fans, the machine was supposed to steer via kinesthetic control—the p
Military History7 min readPolitics
Interview Tracking Agent Sonya
By the end of World War II Ursula Burton was living an unassuming life in England’s rural Cotswolds—or so everyone thought. The married mother of three was actually Ursula Kuczynski, a colonel in the Soviet military and one of the most significant sp
Military History3 min read
Valor A Wing and a Prayer
Norman Cyril Jackson Royal Air Force Victoria Cross Germany  April 26–27, 1944 Twenty-five-year-old RAF flight engineer Sgt. Norman Jackson had just completed his required 30-mission first tour in April 1944 when he agreed to fly one more mission in
Military History1 min read
USS Texas Has New Caretaker
The nonprofit Battleship Texas Foundation has assumed operational control of USS Texas—the last surviving battleship to have fought in both world wars—having signed a 99-year lease with the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department. The first U.S. battleship
Military History11 min read
Women at War
The War Queens: Extraordinary Women Who Ruled the Battlefield, by Jonathan W. Jordan and Emily Anne Jordan, Diversion Books, New York, 2020, $27.99 It has been said the female of the species is deadlier than the male. This entertaining new volume, wr
Military History1 min read
USS New Jersey Shuts to Public
The battleship USS New Jersey, which has operated as a museum ship on the Camden, N.J., waterfront since 2001, has temporarily closed due to a drop in revenue tied to the coronavirus shutdown. Launched in 1942, New Jersey served in the Pacific during
Military History1 min read
Recommended
By Kevin Weddle The author, a professor at the U.S. Army War College, offers an authoritative history of the 1777 Battle of Saratoga, explaining how General John Burgoyne’s underestimation of American forces turned a British foraging expedition into
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