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2A_Fundamentals of Traffic Flow

2A_Fundamentals of Traffic Flow

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12/28/2014

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KAAF UNIVERSITY COLLEGE
Civil Engineering Department
College of Engineering
_________________________________Transportation Engineering ICIV 367
Lecture 2A_ Fundamentals of Traffic Flow
Kwasi Agyeman
–
Boakye ( kwasi.agyeman.boakye@gmail.com)

KAAF UNIVERSITY COLLEGE
Traffic Flow
Traffic Flow Theory
Traffic flow theories deal with the mathematical relationship between
the primaryelements
of the
traffic stream
which include
flow, speed and densityTraffic Flow Facilities
For the analyses of traffic streams the movement is categorized as
interrupted flows

or
uninterrupted flows
. Volume or traffic flow is a parameter common to bothuninterrupted- and interrupted-flow facilities, but speed and density apply primarily touninterrupted flow.
Uninterrupted Flow
A category of facilities that have no fixed causes of delay or interruption external tothe traffic stream; examples include freeways and unsignalized sections of multilaneand two-lane rural highways.
Interrupted Flow
A category of traffic facilities characterized by traffic signals, stop signs, or other fixedcauses of periodic delay or interruption to the traffic stream.

KAAF UNIVERSITY COLLEGE
Primary Elements of Traffic
Volume and Flow
Volume (v)-
The total number of vehicles that pass over a given point or sectionof a lane or roadway during a given time interval; volumes can be expressed interms of annual, daily, hourly, or sub hourly periods.
Flow (q)-
The equivalent hourly rate at which vehicles pass over a given point or section of a lane or roadway during a given time interval of less than 1 h, usually15 min.
Qn: For four continuous 15 minutes intervalcounts that were made on a section of highwaybetween 5 and 6 pm the following volumes wereobserved; 1000 veh, 1200 veh, 1100 veh and1000 veh. Determine the Volume per hour and
the Flow.
Volume(V)=1000+1200+1100+1000=4,300 veh/hr Flow (q) = 1200/0.25= 4800 veh/hr
Time Interval Volume for TimeIntervals (veh)Rate of Flow ForTime Interval(Veh/hr)5:00
–
5:15 PM 1000 1000/0.25 = 4,0005:15
–
5:30 PM 1200 1200/0.25 = 4,8005:30
–
5:45 PM 1100 1100/0.25 = 4,4005:45
–
6:00 PM 1000 1000/0.25 = 4,0005:00
–
6:00 PM V = 4,300 Q = 4,800