Coalition, the API, and the Manhattan Institute, this study touted the coal industry’s positive
economic impact and argued against what he perceived as hostile legislation, in this case,
renewable portfolio standards. Not wanting to “open up that can of worms,” Considine did notfocus on environmental impacts of mining and coal’s contribution to global warming. He told
the Casper Star-
Tribune “[i]t’s not easy to estimate the economic values of these costs.”
ties with both the coal and gas industries. Considine’s Center for Energy Economics and
energy industry names. These ties are particularly worrisome in light of SER’s partnershipwith “Wyoming’s schools from kindergarten through 12th grades to promote innovatingenergy education.”
Considine’s work on behalf of the gas and coal industries paints an optimistic picture, with
hundreds of thousands of jobs and declining environmental problems; however, the veracityof these claims is widely disputed.
“An Emerging Giant: Prospects
and Economic Impacts of Developing the Marcellus Shale
Natural Gas Play”, predicted that fracking would create in excess of 48,000 jobs in 2009,
107,040 in 2010 and almost 175,000 jobs in 2020.
A year later, in “The Economic Impacts of the Pennsylvania Mar
cellus Shale Natural Gas
Play: An Update”, Considine and his co
-authors found the 2009 jobs number fell short of their previous prediction (44,098 as opposed to the more than 48,000 they originally hadcalled for). Accordingly, the authors scaled back their 2010 prediction to 88,588 jobs, butstrangely they boosted their 2020 forecast to 211,909 jobs.
The 2011 update, “The Pennsylvania Marcellus Natural Gas Industry: Status, EconomicImpacts and Future Potential”, went back to 2009 and increased their repor
ted jobs gains bymore than 16,000 to 60,168 and reported that 2010 beat their prediction by 57.9%, claimingthat the state gained 139,889 jobs that year. Considine again increased his 2020 projection,now holding that that year would see 256,420 jobs, i.e
. 4 percent of Pennsylvania’s entire
labor force, supporting the shale gas industry.These numbers have drawn the scrutiny of academics and environmental groups. A2011
found fracking gains of “between 23,385 and 23,884 new jobs” in 2009, about 54% of