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Design Principles Matrix

# Design Principles Matrix

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11/05/2014

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Architectural Principles
from Architecture: Form, Space, & Order by Francis D.K. Ching
Primary ElementsForm and ShapeTransformation of Form
1.point elements2.linear elements3.planar elements4.volumetric elements1.visual properties2.relational properties3.primary shapes andforms- circle- triangle- square- sphere- cylinder- cone- pyramid- cube1.dimensionaltransformation2.subtractive form3.additive forms4.centralized form5.linear form6.radial form7.clustered form8.grid form
Manipulation of FormHorizontal ElementsDefining SpaceVertical Elements DefiningSpace
1.formal collisions of geometry- circle and square- rotated grid2.articulation of form- edges and corners- surfaces1.base plane2.elevated base plane3.depressed base plane4.overhead plane1.vertical linear elements2.single vertical plane3.L-shaped planes4.parallel planes5.U-shaped planes6.four planes: closure
Openings in Space-Defining ElementsQualities of Architectural SpaceSpatial Relationships
1.opening within planes2.openings at corners3.openings betweenplanes1.proportion2.scale3.definition4.degree of enclosure5.light6.view1.space within a space2.interlocking spaces3.adjacent spaces4.spaces linked by acommon space
Spatial OrganizationsCirculationOrdering Principles
1.centralizedorganizations2.linear organizations3.radial organizations4.clustered organizations5.grid organizations1.circulation elements2.building approach3.building entrances4.configuration of path5.path/spacerelationships6.form of the circulationspaceaxissymmetryhierarchydatumrhythmrepetitiontransformation