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Governance as a Trialogue: Government-Society-Science in Transition

Governance as a Trialogue: Government-Society-Science in Transition

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Published by The Wilson Center
Karin R. Bencala reviews Governance as a Trialogue: Government-Society-Science in Transition.
Karin R. Bencala reviews Governance as a Trialogue: Government-Society-Science in Transition.

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Published by: The Wilson Center on Sep 05, 2012
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EnvironmEntal ChangE and SECurity program
105
is no longer the darling o donors such as the
 WorldBank,USAID,andprivatefoundations,
is amily planning content to reposition itsel and to play the “enabling” role in developmentthat the Parliamentarians describe? Or will
itproveitsworthonceagainasastand-alone
intervention?
The Role of the World Bank 
oers welcomesigns that the negative tide that started at the1984 Mexico City population conerence may be beginning to turn.
Return of the Population Growth Factor 
cites the inclusion o universalaccess to reproductive health as a target underthe MDG on maternal health as a symbol o 
progress.Butolddebatesaboutfamilyplan-
ning’s relevance and tactics are still evident.
Toresolvethem,thefamilyplanningcommu-
nity should continue to document their positiveresults on social and economic indicators, andto loudly and consistently emphasize the volun
-tarynatureoftheirprograms.Asthecasestudies
in
The Global Family Planning Revolution 
show,
successdidnotcomequicklyoreasily.Thesame
kind o patience and creativity demonstrated by these programs may well be required i amily planning is to achieve a comeback.
References
Kelley,AllenC.(1998).
The impacts of rapid population  growth on poverty, food production, and the environment 
(DukeEconomicsWorkingPaperNo.98-13).
Durham, NC: Duke University.
NationalResearchCouncil.(1986).
Population  growth and economic development: Policy questions 
.
 Washington,DC:NationalAcademyPress.Pritchett,Lant.(1997,March).[Reviewofthebook
The ends of the earth 
].
Finance and Development 34(1),
51.Simon,JulianL.(1981).
Population: The ultimate resource.
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
UNPopulationFund(UNFPA).(2007).
State of the world’s population 2007: Unleashing the potential of  urban growth 
.NewYork:UNFPA.
For many years, the feld o water management was dominated by large dam construction and
thebeliefthatlarge-scaletechnologicaladvanc-
es could solve the world’s water challenges.
Today,integratedwaterresourcemanagement(IWRM)isthepreferred(thoughnotperfect)
model; while it has existed in various ormsor decades, only within the past decade hasit emerged as the new paradigm or managing  water and other resources to ensure a sustain
-ablesupplyofgood-qualitywaterforbothpeo-
ple and the environment. Many water managersnow grapple with the challenge o developing 
andimplementingIWRMplansthatmust
address the many disparate interests involved.
Karin R. Bencala
is a wat socs plan-
ner at the Interstate Commission on the
Potomac riv Basin. Pviosly, sh was apogam assistant with th envionmntalChang and Scity Pogam. Sh has amast’s dg in nvionmntal scincand managmnt with a focs in politicalconomy of th nvionmnt and fshwat managmnt fom th Bn School at thunivsity of Califonia, Santa Babaa.
Governance as a Trialogue:Government-Society-Science in Transition
Edited by Anthony R. Turton, Hanlie J. Hattingh, Gillian A. Maree, Dirk J. Roux, Marius Claassen, Wilma F. Strydom New York: Springer, 2007. 354 pages.
Reviewed by KARIN R. BENCALA
 
ECSp rEport
iSSuE 13
2008–2009
106
Governing water resources is clearly not a simple challenge with a single answer; success
-fulIWRMrequiresadetailedunderstandingof
a region’s water and other natural resources, the
abilitytomaketrade-offsbetweencompeting
human and environmental uses or the water,unctioning institutions, and a legitimate gov 
-
ernment that can see the plans to ruition. In
Governance as a Trialogue: Government-Society- Science in Transition 
,AnthonyTurtonandhisco-editorstakeahardlookattheelementsof
governance, examining a “trialogue” model thatcomprises the set o actors and their interactionsrequired to achieve management goals. Whilethis book does not prove the model’s eective
-
ness, its investigation will be benefcial to thoseattempting to esh out the requirements orgood water governance.
Turton,HanlieJ.Hattingh,MariusClaassen,DirkJ.Roux,andPeterJ.Ashtonstartbyoffer-inganewdenitionofgovernance:“Thepro-cessofinformeddecision-makingthatenablestrade-offsbetweencompetingusersofagiven
resource so as to balance protection with ben
-
efcial use in such a way as to mitigate conict,enhance equity, ensure sustainability and holdofcials accountable” (p. 12). With this def
-
nition in mind, the authors have developed a  working model o governance as a trialogue.
1
Turtonandhiscolleaguesconcludethatthreedifferentactor-clustersinthegovernancepro-
cess—government, society, and science—interact
 witheachotherin“interfaces.”Theseinterfaces
are the arenas in which inormation is trans
-
erred between experts and other actors, personalrelationships are built, and decisions are made.Each interace is briey described in an introduc
-
tory chapter and reerred to in a subsequent case
study—althoughthegovernment-societyinter-
ace receives more attention than the interaces
 withscience.AsMichaelE.Campana,AlyssaM.Neir,andGeoffreyT.KlisepointoutintheirchapteronNorthAmerica,allthreegroupsdo
not always have the same amount o inuence onthe process or the end result. Given the impor
-
tance o these interaces, it is unortunate thatthe editors did not make more o an attempt tomap the dynamics o each interace between the
threemainactor-clusters.Part1,“AnOverviewofGovernance,”explores
ecosystem governance, oering those with lim
-
ited knowledge a basis rom which to assessthe trialogue model. Malin Falkenmark’s chap
-ter,“GoodEcosystemGovernance:Balancing
Ecosystems and Social Needs,” steps back toexplore how the nature o ecosystems determines which resources can be governed and the way in which they should be governed. It succinctly describes water’s role in all ecosystems and theessential unction it plays in allowing humans toprovide or themselves. While the fve chapters inthis section repeat the defnition o some termsand explanations o conceptual topics, they coverimportant ground: what governance is, whatmakes or good governance, and how the processplays out at varying scales.
Part2,“InterrogationoftheTrialogueModel,”
applies the model to ecosystems, but not always
specicallytowater.Thecasestudiesinthissec-
tion each illustrate at least one o the model’sinteraces. However, there is nothing tying thearticles together to guide the reader through their
evaluationsofthemodel.Thissection’sanalysis
could be improved by a set o graphics that iden
-
tifes the interace being investigated and how the arguments either support or challenge thevalidity o the model.
Inherchapter,“LessonsfromChangesinGovernanceofFireManagement:TheUkuvuka
Operation Firestop Campaign,” Sandra Fowkes
Wat managmnt is tly an iss fo vyon, whth yo liv in a dvloping o dvlopd conty, o in a wat-ich o wat-
scarce region.

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