The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors(RICS) has been developing the concept of the Transport Development Area (TDA) withkey stakeholders for a number of yearsnow. In 2002 RICS published a good practiceguide that provides planning and transportpractitioners with the tools needed toidentify and implement TDAs.
The guidancewas sponsored and supported by thirteengovernment authorities, professionalinstitutes and transport organisations.
This sponsorship lent significant backingfor implementing the ideas developed inthe guidance. TDAs can be developed in awide range of circumstances, ranging fromtransport nodes in large conurbations torelatively small market towns.In essence, a TDA is a means of securing welldesigned, higher density, mixed-usedevelopment around good public transportnodes in towns and cities. It does not seekto lay down a rigid blueprint and can beapplied in ways that suit the needs of aparticular location.It does not require new legislation orchanges in policy, but it does require thecommitment of local authorities and otherpartners if the concept is to be carriedforward successfully. TDA is an integratedland use planning approach to create a morespecific relationship between developmentdensity around urban public transportinterchanges and the level of publictransport services provided. As an economicconcept, TDAs are also a focus for moreinstitutionalised arrangements wherebypublic transport operators receive additionalfunding based on the transfer, whereappropriate, of part of the higher ﬁnancialreturns to development which might beachievable in such areas. TDAs, therefore, candeliver signiﬁcant transport and developmentbeneﬁts by enabling ﬁnancially moreattractive (or at least less uncertain)development opportunities, and by offeringthe prospect of additional investment inpublic transport improvements. They alsocontribute to the sustainability objectives of the Transport White Papers by integrating landuse and transport, reducing both the need totravel and reliance on private transport.
the tda approach
The basic concept of the ‘TDA Approach’ isalready recognised within the existing policyframework. However, our research foundthat the approach to identifying andimplementing TDA-style development of keysites or locations within urban areas hasbeen both inadequate and inconsistent.While the planning system can and doesdeliver TDA-style development, benefitscan be gained from greater clarity or morepositive direction at the policy level, andfrom the provision of detailed guidance onTDA identification and delivery.Securing widespread application of theTDA Approach across a range of urbancircumstances will require commitment byall stakeholders. The RICS guidance sets outthe practical mechanisms for designatingand delivering TDAs and the policy processthat will be needed from the national to localplanning level. The key messages in theguidance are that TDAs should be a key focusof locational policy, the TDA Approach is a
Founded on an understanding of the interrelationships between accessibility, location, designand intensity of land use, the Transport Development Area concept developed in the UK is a cross-sectoral mechanism for delivering higher density development around public transport nodes.The approach unites land use planning and the development industry with transport planningand transport operators. Urban design, community involvement and active urban managementare key components for a workable package.
Transport Development Areas
Peter Hine, Symonds Group / Jeremy Edge, Knight Frank / Kathy Gal, gal.com / Michael Chambers, RICS
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