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Holistic Management 126JulyAug

Holistic Management 126JulyAug

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We’ve Come a Long Way!
 25 Years of Holistic Managemen
by Kirk Gadzia
JULY / AUGUST 2009NUMBER 126WWW.HOLISTICMANAGEMENT.ORG
healthyland.sustainablefuture.
PBS Documentary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17From the Board Chair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17Certified Educators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19Marketplace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
NEWS and NETWORK
Making the Case for Soil Carbon
FRANK ARAGONA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Beyond Conflict to Consensus—Addressing the Social ‘Weak Link’
 JEFF GOEBEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Holistic Management in the Northeast
ANN ADAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Practicing What You Teach—Livestock Treated Cropfields
SENANELO MOYO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
LAND and LIVESTOCK
Cocktail Mixes & Integrating Livestock
NO-TILL FARMER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Daily Monitoring—Holistic Planned Grazing
GRAEME HAND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Voisin’s Vision—Better Grassland Sward
 JOHN KING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
FEATURE STORIES
INSIDE THIS ISSUE
COCKTAIL SEEDING
Using a “cocktail” mix of seeds (oftenmore than 11 different types of seeds)can fix nitrogen, extend the growing  season, improve soil fertility, drough proof your cropfields, and much more.
Learn about how Gabe Brown is using this practiceeffectively on his farm in North Dakota on page 8.
CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
This article was excerpted from a presentation by Kirk Gadzia at the Society for Range Management Holistic Management Symposium in February 2009.When asked to speak on 25 years of history of Holistic Management, Kirk decided  the easiest way was to just tell his own story, which spans that entire time.
I
joined Society for Range Management(SRM) back in 1976 and attended my  first SRM meeting in Portland, Oregon inFebruary 1977. After graduating with my MS in range science in 1979 from NMSU,I eventually took a job as a rangeconservationist with the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Albuquerque in 1980.In the early ‘80s the Savory Grazing Methodor SGM was a big buzz with lots of controversy and even conflict—something I had never seenin the range profession to this degree. And, I was very interested in learning more to see for myself  what this was all about. I eventually attended theSGM training in Albuquerque in 1983 and got very excited about all the information. Weimmediately began building grazing cells onSandia Pueblo grazing areas just east of I-25. As a young man with lots of energy and drive,I grew less excited about my agency job and moreexcited about the prospects of working in my chosen field within the private sector. In 1984, asmy first daughter was born, my wife quit her jobto stay and take care of our young family, andI quit my job—to start my own consultingbusiness. I took out my small retirement savings from the Federal service, took stock of whatsavings we had, and jumped off into the deep end.I have never regretted that decision.
A New Organization
I began attending most of the SGM week-longschools and helping there during and after thecourses. My travels took me to many areas of the western and mid-western United States, Canada,and Mexico. Throughout this time I followed up with alumni and began a consulting business tohelp people implement the things they hadlearned at the courses. I still have my coursenotebook from that first course, and although my interest was primarily the grazing managementside of the equation, the decision-making processthat is today known as Holistic Management wasalready being formed.
 A short time later, in 1985, I took a position with the newly formed Center for Holistic ResourceManagement (CHRM) in Albuquerque.This new Center was the shift away from a  private ranch management consulting agency,to a non-profit 501c3 which occurred in 1984.
 
2IN PRACTICE
 July / August 2009
 Holistic Management International works to reverse the degradation of private and communal land used for agriculture and conservation, restore its health and  productivity, and help create sustainable and viable livelihoods for the people who depend on it.
FOUNDERS
 Allan Savory 
 Jody Butterfield 
STAFF
Peter Holter,
Chief Executive Officer 
 Tracy Favre,
Senior Director/Contract Services
 Jutta von Gontard,
Senior 
 Director 
 / Philanthropy
Kelly Bee,
Chief Financial Officer 
 Ann Adams,
 Managing Editor, IN PRACTICE an Director of Educational Products and Outreach
Maryann West,
 Manager of Administrationand Executive Support 
Donna Torrez,
Customer Service Manager 
Mary Girsch-Bock,
 Educational Products& Outreach Assistant 
 Valerie Gonzales,
 Administrative Assistant 
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
 Ben Bartlett, Chair Ron Chapman, Past Chair Roby Wallace, Vice-ChairGail Hammack, SecretaryChristopher Peck, Treasurer Sallie CalhounMark Gardner Daniela HowellAndrea Malmberg  Jim McMullanIan Mitchell Innes Jim ParkerSue Probart  Dennis WobeserJesus Almeida Valdez 
 ADVISORY COUNCIL
 Robert Anderson, Corrales, NM  Michael Bowman,Wray, CO Sam Brown, Austin, TX  Lee Dueringer, Scottsdale, AZ Gretel Ehrlich, Gaviota, CA Dr. Cynthia O. Harris, Albuquerque, NM  Leo O. Harris, Albuquerque, NM  Edward Jackson, San Carlos, CAClint Josey, Dallas, TX  Doug McDaniel, Lostine, ORGuillermo Osuna, Coahuila, Mexico Soren Peters, Santa Fe, NM  Jim Shelton, Vinita, OK York Schueller, Ventura, CA
 Africa Centre for Holistic Management 
Tel: (263) (11) 404 979 • hmatanga@mweb.co.zw Huggins Matanga, Director
The David West Station for Holistic Management 
Tel: 325/392-2292 • Cel: 325/226-3042 westgift@hughes.ne Joe & Peggy Maddox, Ranch Managers
 HOLISTIC MANAGEMENTIN PRACTICE 
(ISSN: 1098-8157) is published six times a year by Holistic Management International, 1010 Tijeras NW, Albuquerque, NM 87102, 505/842-5252, fax: 505/843-7900;email: hmi@holisticmanagement.org.; website: www.holisticmanagement.orCopyright © 2009
healthyland.sustainablefuture.
We’ve Come a Long Way
continued from page one
It represented a fundamental shift in thedevelopment of Holistic Management from the private sector alone, to include governmentagencies, other non-profits, and diverse groupsof like interest.In 1985, I, along with five other trainees, would become instructors at the Center andeventually employees and regional directors indifferent areas of the country. Initial funding for this was provided by the Noble Foundation inOklahoma. Our training at the Center was muchbroader than just grazing management or cellgrazing. We focused on human resources to a great degree and working and understandinghuman resources, planning models, and the new  wave of focus in corporate goal setting processes. We also developed financial planning skills and a much deeper understanding of ecosystem processesand function. I read on many of these subjects voraciously and have kept up that habit still.The following year, 1986, we had an inter -national group from Zimbabwe and the NavajoNation join our team for six months. Followingtheir training I had the opportunity to join Allanand Jody Savory in Zimbabwe and see firsthandthe origins of his theories and ideas on the ground.In 1987 another international group from Tunisia,Morocco, Algeria, and Jordan came to train at theCenter. I also followed up on with visits to all the projects in their countries and learned muchabout the Arab cultures and the history of resource management in an ancient setting.
In terms of learning, this cemented in methe fact that resource management is as mucha people issue as it is anything else. Also my increasing international experience and work in such different environments as those justmentioned plus Canada in the north, Mexico inthe South, California and Hawaii to the west andFlorida and Virginia in the east really made me focus on indicators of ecosystem process functioning rather than species composition oother common measures of land health.This focus on “universal” principles in regardsto ecosystem functioning has been a central thesisof the Holistic Management approach from its very beginning. Understanding the basics of water and mineral cycling, community dynamics(succession), and energy flow were always given primary attention in the courses.This focus eventually helped lead to my beingselected as one of 14 members of the National Academy of Science Committee on RangelandClassification. Our meetings in Washington D.C.and field trips around the country were fascinating exercises and very mentally stimulating. In 1994 the book 
 Rangeland Health
 was published by the National Research Counciland represented the body of our work andthinking, and our recommendations to the profession on how to improve our methods toclassify, inventory and monitor rangelands.I must say I am very gratified today to seesome of the influence that work has had inshifting the thinking and focus about rangelandhealth. Publications, such as
 Interpreting  Indicators of Rangeland Health,
some aspects of 
The National Range and Pasture Handbook
and many others, represent a fundamentally broader shift in how we look at rangeland health.
The Practitioners
My work at the Center was very rewarding inmany ways. I had the opportunity to work withsome of the most amazing ranches I could haveever imagined and amazing people I have ever met. I remember visiting the Deseret Ranch inUtah under the management of Gregg Simonds atthat time. The improvement of land and resourcesthey documented and that are still continuingthere today are truly remarkable.So, too, is Gene Goven’s story. Gene ranchesand farms southwest of Bismarck, North Dakota ata place called Turtle Lake. The first time I visitedhim was back in the late ‘80s, and I remember  well how vibrant and healthy the land lookedunder his management using HolisticManagement principles. The HolisticManagement® framework had by that timereally emphasized the importance of forming a holisticgoal—one that has three interdependentelements of the
 quality of life
they are seeking,stating the
 forms of production
necessary toachieve it, and then describing the
 futureresource
base that will be necessary to ensureboth are achieved and sustained.Gene always emphasized that the decisions
 Kirk Gadzia
 
made on the farm were always in reference andtested toward their holisticgoal. At the time he wasone of the only people in the area who had givenup feeding hay and had switched to later calving,bale grazing, and planned winter grazing todramatically cut his costs of production.
The Evolution
The Center for Holistic Resource Managementalso focused on the development of this framework that influences and directs how decisions are made. I would say that most people who have only heard about “HRM” or “HM”and not read more widely or attended a training, probably do not have a good understanding thatit is this decision making process, condensed intoa framework for ease of use, that is the real work of Holistic Management—not a grazing rotationor planned grazing, which it has often beensimplified to represent.Moreover, holistic planned grazing has probably been the most misunderstood andmisrepresented aspect of Holistic Management.Since my first SGM training in 1983 until today,the process has always used a very detailed planning regime that is often never mentionedand bears almost no relationship to the grazingrotations and experiments purported to representthe methodology.In my extensive consulting work with ranchers practicing holistic planned grazing, I can say that it has been my experience universally thatthose who create and manage with the grazing planning process outlined in the training and
 Holistic Management Handbook,
are successfulin moving towards their goals.
I would also reiterate that the grazing planning process has changed little over that nearly 30 year timeframe, while the Holistic Management®Frameworks has changed a great deal with the allthe input and development focus of so many whoare working to continually improve it.
The grazing planning process is a procedure which involves a rigorous step by step method-ology. The process helps focus the planners’attention on meeting a variety of goals thatare influenced by grazing livestock. The key as issuccinctly expressed in the
 Holistic Management  Handbook:
 putting animals in the right placeat the right time for the right reasons.I have been involved in this grazing planning process with many private and public landranches over the years. It starts and ends with no preconceived rotational system boundaries as iscommonly believed. The people who are makingand will implement the plan are responsible tothink through all the factors that will influencethe plan including wildlife, people, nutrition,recreation, watershed, riparian drought, etc. thatany manager will encounter.Holistic planned grazing provides a step by step procedure to focus the users’ concentrationon one factor at a time and get that on to the plan. The next factor is focused on and this process is repeated with each category of factorsuntil all potential problems and items arecatered for. It is then time to
 draft 
a plan tohave animals in the Right Place at the RightTime for the Right Reasons. When I use the word drafted, I mean the plan is done in pencil with the expectation thatcircumstances will likely change from the pointat which the plan was made until itsimplementation. This means that aspects of the planned grazing will also need to changeto best compromise with the needs of people,land, and animals.Furthermore, the process has always andconsistently warned of fixed rotational approachesand ample evidence as exhibited by Briske et al—that these approaches will fail. I have alsoobserved that the planning process with its goal-oriented approach is always precisely what is leftout of designs for experimental tests on grazingcomparisons.
My Journey
I continued my work within the Center until 1992 when I again decided to go back toindependently work within my own consulting firm. From that time until now, over 16 years, Ihave continued my independent work withHolistic Management practitioners and been a Certified Educator with the organization. Icontinue to work with many organizations that focus on land health and human relations,including the Quivira Coalition.I have created many lasting friendships and working relationships with colleagues in many agencies and on the land as managers andbusiness owners. One of the favorite aspects of my work is to visit the land with ranchers andsee the changes and improvements that havehappened over time. Normally we do this in a  pickup or on four-wheelers and I have never ceased to be amazed at the ingenuity of ranchersin finding new ways to latch a gate! In fact, I amoften asked when I am going to write a book onmy experiences. My reply is that I know the book I should write, but the one I probably will writeis “Gates I Have Opened”! Although like many people in their mid-50s,I am slowing down a bit; but, the thought of retirement is far from my mind. My world of experience keeps expanding and the excitement Iget to experience when I am involved with all thegroups I’ve worked with is infectious. There are somany positive things going on out there, and Iam thrilled to keep being a part of the continueddevelopment and progress that is happening.One of the things I have seen happen over thelast 25 years is the expansion of the role of groupslike HMI, The Quivira Coalition, and others I have worked with in creating new opportunities for improved rangeland management and practicesthat support it. I think we should all be pleased atthe opportunities this expansion has provided.
 Kirk Gadzia can be reached at: kgadzia@msn.com.
Number 126
IN PRACTICE3
Gene has found that the brix reading on the grasses in thebale grazed areas are two times higher than in surrounding areas.
With bale grazing and planned grazing Gene Goven of North Dakota has been ableto produce 300 percent more pounds of beef per acre as much as 180 pounds/acre.His stocking rate is 230 percent more than when he started 20 years ago.

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