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Occupy Discipline Report 10-12-12- Final

Occupy Discipline Report 10-12-12- Final

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Published by oakloc
This report provides an overview of the actions taken to date by the Internal Affairs Division (IAD) of the Oakland Police Department in response to Occupy Oakland-related protests. Occupy Oakland has given rise to the largest influx of complaints the Police Department has ever had on one event or series of events.
This report provides an overview of the actions taken to date by the Internal Affairs Division (IAD) of the Oakland Police Department in response to Occupy Oakland-related protests. Occupy Oakland has given rise to the largest influx of complaints the Police Department has ever had on one event or series of events.

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Published by: oakloc on Oct 12, 2012
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 October 12, 2012 Page 1
City of OaklandSummary of Findings on Investigations ofOccupy Oakland-Related Demonstrations
INTRODUCTION
This report provides an overview of the actions taken to date by the Internal Affairs Division (IAD) of the Oakland Police Department in response to Occupy Oakland-related protests. Occupy Oakland hasgiven rise to the largest influx of complaints the Police Department has ever had on one event or seriesof events.As of October 4, 2012, IAD has received 1,127 complaints broken into 150 different cases, all attributedto some Occupy-related event. The majority of complaints came from three specific dates: October 25,2011 (the first decampment), November 2, 2011 (General Strike) and January 28, 2012 (Move-in Day).These three dates account for 90% of the total complaints received. The remaining complaints arosefrom other Occupy-related events, including weekly anti-police marches, May Day 2012, and otherrecurring protests. In total, OPD has facilitated demonstrations involving more than 50,000 peopleduring the past year.Immediately following the clearing of the first Occupy Oakland encampment on October 25, 2011,which led to confrontations between protesters and the police, Oakland Police Chief Howard Jordanpromised a full investigation of the incident and vowed to hold personnel accountable for their actionswhere they violated policy. The City hired the Frazier Group to conduct a high-level, third-partyassessment of the police planning and response to this event.In addition, the City hired five contract investigators to assist with the significant influx of cases. ThePolice Department temporarily assigned five additional investigators to IAD. The additionalinvestigators augmented two Internal Affairs staff already assigned full time to Occupy investigations.The investigative methodology was the result of a federal court order.
BACKGROUND
The Oakland Police Department accepts complaints from citizens made in person, over the phone, bycorrespondence or even anonymously. Each allegation that, if true, would rise to a violation of policy isfully investigated.State law requires all police agencies to have a method of accepting citizen complaints. The NegotiatedSettlement Agreement and OPD policy have very specific requirements for handling complaints. Asoutlined above, OPD policy requires complaints of potential rule violations to be fully investigated andbrought to one of four findings: sustained, not sustained, exonerated or unfounded. Some allegations thatdo not rise to the level of a policy violation may be closed. For example, complaints about response timeor disagreements with a particular policy would fall into this category.The Peace Officer Bill of Rights puts requirements on how investigations must be conducted. Officersmust be noticed of the allegations prior to an interview and they are entitled to legal representation atthose interviews. By law, the City is not authorized to release specific information about employeediscipline or personnel matters.
 
 October 12, 2012 Page 2
When Internal Affairs conducts an administrative investigation, it is determining if the alleged conductviolated an OPD policy. The penalty for violating a policy would be a disciplinary action ranging from areprimand, to suspension, to termination of employment.For criminal allegations, the Department also has a parallel criminal investigation process. The focus of that investigation would be to determine if the employee broke a law. This investigation could result incriminal prosecution from the District Attorn
ey’s Office if the officer is found to have committed a
crime.The Department can compel employees to cooperate with the Internal Affairs investigation, but not thecriminal investigation. Police officers who are subjects of criminal investigations maintain the samerights as ordinary citizens in that they cannot be compelled to testify against themselves.
INVESTIGATION FINDINGS
As of October 4, 2012, IAD has received 1,127 complaints attributed to Occupy Oakland-related events.These complaints were organized into 150 different cases. To date, the Police Department has completedmore than half of the investigations. One third of those have resulted in some type of a sustained findingfor misconduct; this means that the investigation determined the act occurred and did violate a policy.Investigations into the remainder of the cases are underway and will be completed within the timelinesrequired under State law and the requirements of the Negotiated Settlement Agreement.The majority of complaints came from three specific events which account for 90% of the totalcomplaints received: October 25, 2011 (the first decampment), November 2, 2011 (General Strike) andJanuary 28, 2012 (Move-in Day).There are four possible findings for each allegation: exonerated, unfounded, sustained or not sustained,defined as follows:
 
Exonerated
means the investigation determined the act occurred but was within policy.
 
Unfounded
means it was determined the act did not occur.
 
Sustained
means it was determined the act occurred and did violate a policy.
 
Not-sustained
means the investigation was unable to prove or disprove the allegation based on apreponderance of evidence, which is the standard of proof for administrative investigations.The most common sustained finding is that officers did not properly activate their video recorder, asrequired. Others include excessive force, improper supervision or command, failure to accept acomplaint, refusing to provide names when required, and false reporting. Cases that resulted in asustained finding for excessive force were also referred to the Criminal Investigation Division forpossible criminal prosecution.The table below provides a summary of the status and outcome of IAD investigations as of October 4.While Occupy events have occurred on many dates, this chart covers only the information from the threebiggest Occupy events.
 
 October 12, 2012 Page 3
Table 1. Summary of IA Cases, Allegations, and Findings for 3 Largest Occupy Events. 10-12-12DATENUMBER OF CASES FINDINGSTotal Closed Open SustainedNotSustained Unfounded Exonerated
10/25 34 25 9 15 24 22 6111/2 15 7 8 2 3 4 51/28 44 35 9 26 55 6 36
Sustained Allegations and Discipline for Three Largest Occupy Events
For these three incidents, which generated the largest volume of complaints, the following allegationswere sustained for each incident:
October 25 (Removal of First Encampment)
 
Failure
to activate officer’s video recorder 
 
 
General conduct
 — 
inappropriate comment
 
 
Commander’s authority and responsibilities
 
 
Excessive use of force (bean bag or baton use)
 
 
Redeployment of munitions
 
 
Truthfulness
 
The discipline for these policy violations included counseling and training, written reprimand,suspension (ranging between 5 and 30 days) and termination.
 November 2 (General Strike)
 
Refusal to provide name or serial number
 
Failure to report misconductThe discipline for these policy violations included 30-day suspension and demotion.
 January 28, 2012 (Move-in Day)
 
Failure to activate officer’s video recorder 
 
 
Profanity
 
Care of property
 
False arrest
 
Inappropriate comment
 
Improper handcuffing
 
Failure to supervise
 
Use of force (baton use)The discipline for these policy violations included counseling and training, written reprimand andsuspension (ranging between 1 and 15 days).Despite the number of sustained findings, many of the investigations have shown that officers did actappropriately. The May 1 Occupy event only resulted in 9 complaints, and none of them has yet to result

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