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gandhi_collected works vol 05

gandhi_collected works vol 05

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Published by: Nrusimha ( नृसिंह ) on Jan 23, 2009
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05/10/2014

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VOL. 5 : 6 NOVEMBER, 1905 - 3 NOVEMBER, 1906
1
1. LETTER TO CHHAGANLAL GANDHI
[JOHANNESBURG,]
November 6, 1905
MY DEAR CHHAGANLAL,

Your letter to hand. I am returning the letter addressed to Revashankar. I shall ask Abhechand to take the papers back. He has gone to Pretoria.

You have done well in writing about Kitchin. Your argument is not wrong. The facilities we have provided him are, generally speaking, too many. The money is being paid to him not for his proficiency but because of my folly; and because there was no other way of correcting my mistake. I did allow him to leave; but he pleaded with me that he was not in a position to do any other work, since he could not start work afresh in Johannesburg. Indubitably, he did wind up the big business he had. Under these circumstances, I could not bring myself to discharge him. So the best way I could find was to give him as much in salary as would meet his normal expenses. However, either of us is free to terminate the arrangement by giving a month\u2019s notice. It means that, if the condition of the press gets worse and it does not show any income, I can dispense with his services at a month\u2019s notice. Even if the condition improves, there is no stipulation about paying him more than \u00a310, nor is it necessary. There is, therefore, no reason to believe that he will always draw the same salary. We need not suppose that he and Polak will not be able to pull on together when the latter comes. If they cannot, Kitchin will have to leave. Polak will take at least two and a half years to go to Phoenix; it is, therefore, unnecessary for the present to think of that far-off eventuality. I envisage the possibility of a great change in our condition during that period. There was no other alternative when we gave Kitchin a house and land. His heart is in Phoenix. He no doubt likes the life there. Please do not hesitate when you have to do something for him. We have to take into consideration the virtues of a man; we cannot bother ourselves about his drawbacks. We have to be satisfied if, by putting ourselves out, others can be made happy or can benefit. There is no difficulty in giving two acres of land to any of you who wants it, that is, yourself, West, Bean or Anandlal. I think I have already explained this to you. Polak also has asked for two acres. This much I believe: if Kitchin stays, his nature will change and he will do his work well. If, on the other hand, his nature does not improve, he will give in of his own accord. Do ask for further clarification, if

2
THE COLLECTED WORKS OF MAHATMA GANDHI
you need it. Always write to me unhesitatingly.

Gokuldas is good by nature; but he has become very selfish and narrow-minded because of his upbringing in the country. He seems to be prejudiced against you. In spite of my repeated attempts to persuade him I find that the idea that \u201cmaternal uncle is crazy\u201d is deep-rooted in his mind due to the arrogant impetuosity of youth. His mind is set more on making money. We have to be very careful and see that his leanings become pure. You may watch him and guide him. I believe he will put in hard work. He will not take anything from the press at present; at the same time, he will not work the whole day. I have told him that he is still a student and has to behave accordingly. He will, therefore, work for some time in the press, some time on the land and the rest he will devote to studies. It is necessary for him to have a good knowledge of Gujarati, English and Tamil. I have asked him to start with composing Tamil matter in the press. I shall write a letter about this to Pillay also. You may come, if possible, during Christmas, after Gokuldas arrives there and has become conversant with the work.

How is West doing the job-work? Does he feel uncomfortable or is he cheerful? Who are doing the composing work for the newspaper? How does Virji behave? Write to me about everybody there. How is Bean doing? What is the position of the books now? How about Anandlal? I have written to him also about Gokuldas. I still feel that it will be better if you three brothers live together. But if there is even the least possibility of bitterness resulting from doing so, you have not to act on my suggestions. Gokuldas, of course, will stay with you.

Is Orchard still there in the house or has he left?

I have sent the Tamil material, but I find that there will be some difficulty for me in the matter. I saw that the man who did the translation has very little knowledge of the language. He felt very diffident and said that it would be better if I did not entrust the work to him. It will be quite enough if Gokuldas and Pillay understand it even after a strenuous effort. Gokuldas has learnt a little. The English matter that I send from here will merely have to be translated there. Consult Pillay about this. Who has written for this week\u2019s issue ?

Does Hemchand give you satisfaction or not? Does he go out
for the collection of dues? Train him well.
What has happened to Ramnath? I had written a letter to Ajodha.

Has Jayashanker been able to procure any assistant or does he have the same difficulty still? Give Bean whatever miscellaneous things he wants. Send Moon\u2019s report when you get it. Who is to sow

VOL. 5 : 6 NOVEMBER, 1905 - 3 NOVEMBER, 1906
3
the land that has been ploughed ? Does the leakage in the roof
continue or has it stopped ?
Let me know if the shifting of the office to Mercury Lane has
affected the flow of work. Do the whites come in greater numbers?
Blessings from
MOHANDAS
[PS.]

Govindji says that he is not getting the paper regularly.
I sent more Gujarati matter yesterday.
Do see what is written on the back of the first four sheets also.

From a photostat of the original Gujarati: S.N. 4262
2. CABLE TO KING-EMPEROR1
[JOHANNESBURG,
Before November 9, 1905]
BRITISH INDIANS, TRANSVAAL, TENDER TO HIS GRACIOUS MAJESTY HUMBLE
CONGRATULATIONS ON HIS SIXTY-FIFTH BIRTHDAY.
Indian Opinion,1 1 - 1 1 - 1 9 0 5
3. LONG LIVE THE KING-EMPEROR

Thursday, the 9th instant, was the sixty-fifth birthday of His Majesty the King-Emperor. Loyal congratulations were offered from all parts of his vast dominions. No monarch of modern times has commanded the admiration and love of his subjects as King Edward has. When he ascended the throne, his position was a most difficult one, since he had to succeed Victoria the Good; but, during the short space that he has occupied his supreme position, he has carried out the traditions left by that noble lady, and has shown that, even in a country constitutionally governed, the King has many opportunities of serving his subjects, in a way possible only to one who, like His Majesty, combines a real appreciation of the dignity of his exalted station with a more than ordinary ability. By his sound judgment and tact, he has materially assisted in promoting the world\u2019s peace, and the prosperity of the British Empire. He has endeared himself to his subjects the world over because, being lord of all, he has made himself the servant of all. In the whole history of the world, no throne has

1The cable was sent by the Transvaal British Indian Association through
the Colonial Secretary.

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