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Table Of Contents

1.Light and Electromagnetic Radiation
1.1.What is Light?
1.2.The “Visible” Spectrum
1.3.Ultraviolet Radiation
1.4.Infrared Radiation
2.Basic Concepts in Optics
2.1.Reflection
2.2.Refraction (Snell’s law)
Figure 2.4 — Refraction example
Reflection and the Index of Refraction
Total Internal Reflection (TIR)
Figure 2.5 — Total internal reflection
Dispersion
2.3.Transmission
Figure 2.6 — Transmitted light beam
2.4.Absorption
Figure 2.7 — Lambert’s law of absorption
2.5.Diffusion (Scattering)
Figure 2.9 — Diffuse transmission and reflectance
2.6.Filtering
3.Basic Radiometric and Photometric Principles
3.1.Radiometric and Photometric Quantities
3.2.Spectral Response
3.3.Solid Angle
3.4.Radiant and Luminous Energy and Energy Density
3.5.Radiant and Luminous Flux
Spectral Luminous Efficacy
Figure 3.4 — Illuminance
3.7.Radiance and Luminance
3.8.Radiant and Luminous Intensity
Figure 3.5 —Luminous intensity
4.Basic Radiometric and Photometric Measurement
4.1.The Inverse Square Law
Figure 4.1 — Inverse square law
4.2.Lambert’s Cosine Law
4.3.Lambertian Emission and Reflection
Figure 4.3 — Lambertian surface
5.Light Sources
5.1.Incandescent Lamps
Figure 5.2 — Common shapes of incandescent lamps
Halogen Lamps
5.2.Discharge Lamps
HID Lamps
High-Pressure Mercury Vapor Lamps
Metal-Halide Lamps
High-Pressure Sodium Lamps
Xenon Lamps
Figure 5.7 — Typical xenon lamps
Fluorescent Lamps
Linear Fluorescent Lamps
Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs)
Figure 5.9 — Examples of compact fluorescent lamps
5.3.LEDs (Light-Emitting Diodes)
Figure 5.10 — Typical LED shapes
5.4.Common Lamp Luminances
5.5.Common Lamp Efficacies
6.Spectrum and Color
7.Optical Modeling
7.1.Ray Tracing
Sequential Ray Tracing
Figure 7.1 — Sequential imaging optical system
Nonsequential Ray Tracing
Figure 7.2 — Nonsequential illumination system
7.2.Computer Modeling Design Steps
8.Further Reading
10.Glossary
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Illumination Fund

Illumination Fund

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Published by: Stacey_Perry_ldIc7Pz on Oct 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/31/2012

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