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MIT - Genetic Programming

MIT - Genetic Programming

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Published by Luis Fernando

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Published by: Luis Fernando on Nov 08, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Page i
Genetic Programming
Page ii
Complex Adaptive Systems
John H. Holland, Christopher Langton, and Stewart W. Wilson, advisors
 Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems: An Introductory Analysis with Applications to Biology, Control, and Artificial Intelligence,
MIT Press editionJohn H. Holland
Toward a Practice of Autonomous Systems: Proceedings of the First EuropeanConference on Artificial Life
edited by Francisco J. Varela and Paul Bourgine
Genetic Programming: On the Programming of Computers by Means of Natural Selection
John R. Koza
Page iii
Genetic Programming
On the Programming of Computers by Means of Natural Selection
John R. Koza
A Bradford Book The MIT PressCambridge, MassachusettsLondon, England
Page iv
Sixth printing, 1998© 1992 Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyAll rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic or mechanical means (including photocopying,recording, or information storage or retrieval) without permission in writing from the publisher.Set from disks provided by the author.Printed and bound in the United States of America.The programs, procedures, and applications presented in this book have been included for their instructional value. The publisher and theauthor offer NO WARRANTY OF FITNESS OR MERCHANTABILITY FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE and accept no liability withrespect to these programs, procedures, and applications.Pac-Man
—© 1980 Namco Ltd. All rights reserved.Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataKoza, John R.Genetic programming: on the programming of computers by means of natural selection/ John R. Koza.p. cm.—(Complex adaptive systems)"A Bradford book."Includes bibliographical references and index.ISBN 0-262-11170-51. Electronic digital computers—Programming. I. Title. II. Series.QA76.6.K695 1992006.3—dc20 92-25785CIP
Page v
to my mother and father 
Page vii
PrefaceixAcknowledgmentsxiii1Introduction and Overview12Pervasiveness of the Problem of Program Induction93Introduction to Genetic Algorithms17
4The Representation Problem for Genetic Algorithms635Overview of Genetic Programming736Detailed Description of Genetic Programming797Four Introductory Examples of Genetic Programming1218Amount of Processing Required to Solve a Problem1919Nonrandomness of Genetic Programming20510Symbolic Regression—Error-Driven Evolution23711Control—Cost-Driven Evolution28912Evolution of Emergent Behavior32913Evolution of Subsumption35714Entropy-Driven Evolution39515Evolution of Strategy41916Co-Evolution429
Page viii
17Evolution of Classification43918Iteration, Recursion, and Setting45919Evolution of Constrained Syntactic Structures47920Evolution of Building Blocks527

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