Tracking and Evasion
In combat, a sniper team might have to track and kill an enemy sniper operating inthe friendly area of operations. Success in this case depends greatly on the team’stracking ability. The sniper team might also be deployed to an isolated position,where they must evade enemy forces and survive for some time without friendlysupport. A sniper must never surrender to the enemy unless continued evasion andresistance will lead only to certain death with no significant loss to the enemy. Whileevading capture, a sniper can continue to inflict casualties on the enemy.
"There is nothing that sharpens a man's senses so acutely as to know that bitter anddetermined enemies are in pursuit of him night and day."— Frederick R. Burnham,
Scouting On Two Continents
SECTION I. TRACKING
Tracking is the art of following a person or animal by the signs that they leave during their movement.
1.When a sniper follows a trail, he builds a picture of the enemy in his mind by asking himself thesequestions:1.How many people am I following?1.Are they well-trained?1.Are they well-equipped?1.Are they healthy?1.How is their morale?1.Do they know that we are following them?1.The sniper answers these questions by seeking and evaluating indicators of certain actions at certaintimes and places. For example, a footprint and a waist-high scuff on a tree could mean that an armed person passed that way. The freshness of the scuff helps identify how much time has passed since the person brushed against the tree.1.Snipers evaluate the six types of tracking indicators based on their content, cause, and conditions.Table 5-1 outlines the six types of indicators and provides some examples of each type.