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banking

banking

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Published by vipul5290
compairision
compairision

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: vipul5290 on Jan 16, 2013
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1
INTRODUCTION
Service with a smile
:
Today‟s finicky banking customers will settle for nothing less. The customer has cometo realize somewhat belatedly that he is the king. The customer‟s choice of one entity
over another as his principal bank is determined by considerations of service qualityrather than any other factor. He wants competitive loan rates but at the same time alsowants his loan or credit card application processed in double quick time. He insists thathe be promptly informed of changes in deposit rates and service charges and he
bristles with „customary rage‟ if his bank is slow to redress any grievance he may have.
He cherishes the convenience of impersonal net banking but during his occasional visitsto the branch he also wants the comfort of personalized human interactions andfacilities that make his banking experience pleasurable. In short he wants financialhouse that will more than just clear his cheque and updates his passbook: he wants abank that cares and provides great services.So do banks meet these heightened expectations? Is there a gap that exists betweenthe management perception and the customer perception with reference to the servicesoffered in Retail Banking? To find out answers to these questions we undertook asurvey of six banks selecting two banks from each of the following:
Private Bank
Nationalized Bank
Multinational Bank A lot of surveys have been done in the past by many agencies to understand the aspectof customer satisfaction and to find out the customer friendly banks. Our research addsthe di
mension of the „Gap Analysis‟ between The Management and the customer 
perceptions regarding the services being offered.
 
2
CHAPTER-1INDUSTRY PROFILE
 
3
INTRODUCTION
The Banking Regulation Act 1949 defines banking as accepting the purpose of lending or investment, of deposits of money from the public, repayable on demandor otherwise and withdrawal by cheque, draft, and order otherwise. The essentialfunction of a bank is to provide services related to the storing of value and theextending credit. The evolution of banking dates back to the earliest writing, andcontinues in the present where a bank is a financial institution that provides bankingand other financial services. Currently the term bank is generally understood aninstitution that holds a banking license. Banking licenses are granted by financialsupervision authorities and provide rights to conduct the most fundamental bankingservices such as accepting deposits and making loans. There are also financialinstitutions that provide certain banking services without meeting the legal definitionof a bank, a so called non-bank. Banks are a subset of the financial servicesindustry.The word bank is derived from the Italian
“  
banca”
which is derived from German andmeans bench
.
The terms bankrupt and "broke" are similarly derived from bancarotta, which refers to an out of business bank, having its bench physically broken.Money lenders in Northern Italy originally did business in open areas, or big openrooms, with each lender working from his own bench or table.Typically, a bank generates profits from transaction fees on financial services or theinterest spread on resources it holds in trust for clients while paying them interest onthe asset.
TYPES OF BANKS:
There are several different types of banks including:
Central banks usually control monetary policy and may be the lender of lastresort in the event of a crisis. They are often charged with controlling themoney supply, including printing paper money. Examples of central banks arethe European Central Bank and the US Federal Reserve Bank.

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