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psychology

psychology

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Published by Chii Nen
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Published by: Chii Nen on Jan 20, 2013
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12/10/2013

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PSYCHOLOGY
The study of human BEHAVIOR, about how and why people behave, feel, or think the way they do. (Hilgard)1.Psychology is the science that studies behavior and mental processes.2.Psychology is a scientific study of the behavior of living organism with emphasis on that of humanorganism.3.Thoughts, feelings, attitudes, values, and the like are also included when referring to the term behavior.”
GOALS OF PSYCHOLOGY
1.To describe behavior 2.To identify factors that help predict behavior 3.To understand or explain behavior by identifying causes that bring about certain effects4.To control or change behavior 
AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION
Clinical Psychology
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Clinical psychologists assess and treat people with psychological problems. They may actas therapists for people experiencing normal psychological crises (e.g., grief) or for individuals suffering fromchronic psychiatric disorders.Counseling Psychology
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Counseling psychologists do many of the same things that clinical psychologists do.However, counseling psychologists tend to focus more on persons with adjustment problems rather than on persons suffering from severe psychological disorders.Developmental Psychology
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Developmental psychologists study how we develop intellectually, socially, andemotionally over the lifespan. Some of the areas they are interested in are: Children's peer relations, languagecomprehension, computational models of cognitive development, parent-infant interactions, social andcommunicative behavior in infants, and language acquisition across languages and cultures.Educational Psychology: Educational psychologists conduct research and develop theories about teaching andlearning. They attempt to understand the basic aspects of learning and then develop materials and strategies foenhancing the learning process. Their efforts are applied to improve teacher training and help students learnmore efficiently.Experimental Psychology: This area includes a diverse group of psychologists who do research in the most basicareas of psychology (e.g., learning, memory, cognition, perception, motivation, and language).Forensic Psychology:
 
Forensic psychologists study of questions and issues relating to law and the legal system.A forensic psychologist offers an expert psychological opinion in a way that it impacts one of the adversarialarenas, typically the courts. Forensic psychologists evaluate various areas, such as expert testimony, juryselection, child testimony, pretrial publicity, repressed memories, the death penalty, battered woman syndrome,domestic violence, drug dependence, and sexual disorders.Industrial Psychology
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Industrial/organizational psychologists are primarily concerned with the relationships between people and their work environments. They may develop new ways to increase productivity or beinvolved in personnel selection. They are employed in business, government agencies, and academic settings.School Psychology: School psychologists are involved in enhancing the development of children and adults ineducational settings. They assess children's psychoeducational abilities and recommend actions to facilitatestudent learning. They often act as consultants to parents, teachers, and administrators to optimize the learningenvironments of specific students.Social Psychology
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Social psychologists study how our beliefs, feelings, and behaviors are affected by other  persons. Some topics of interest to social psychologists are attitude formation and change, aggression, prejudice, and interpersonal attraction.Sport Psychology: Sports psychologists study the psychological factors associated with participation and performance in sport, exercise, and other types of physical activity. Sport psychologists focus primarily on twoareas. First, they focus on helping athletes use psychological principles and skills to achieve optimal mentalhealth and to improve performance. Second, they seek further understanding of how an individuals' participation in sport, exercise, and physical activity affects their psychological development, health, and well- being.

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