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N(A) Science (Chem) Chp 8 Structure of the Periodic Table

N(A) Science (Chem) Chp 8 Structure of the Periodic Table

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Published by hamsterish

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Published by: hamsterish on Feb 16, 2009
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05/10/2014

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Structure of the Periodic TableStructure of the Periodic Table
Chapter 8
 
2
Its Origins…Its Origins…
Many new elements were being discovered in the19
th
century.Chemists noticed patterns among the elements.
Metals lithium, sodium and potassium all look andreacted in similar ways.
They arranged the elements in a line according toatomic mass.They noticed that elements with similar propertiesoccurred at regular intervals.They divided the line of elements at the intervalsand stacked them up to form the Periodic Table.
 
3
 Today’s Periodic Table Today’s Periodic Table
Elements are arranged inorder of proton number.A horizontal row of elements is called aperiod.They are numbered 1, 2, 3etc.A vertical column of elements is called agroup.They are numbered inRoman numerals. Somegroups have names.Elements between Group IIand Group III are all metals
 transition metals
noble gaseshalogensalkaline earthmetalsalkali metals0VII(no name)VI(no name)V(no name)IV(no name)IIIIII
 
name (if any)group no.

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