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Title page o the lavish 1944marketing brochure or the commer-cialized Martin JRM Mars Flying Boat. The original document was printed inan oversized, landscape ormat and hasbeen adapted to t the smaller con-nes o this publication. The brochurewas ound in the National Archives, RG72, and all images and inormation pre-sented herein originate rom it.
Artist's impression o the com-mercial Martin Mars Transport in pseu-do-Pan Am markings.
oered superior economy, saety anddependability. Hal o the Mars' grossweight was disposable load. It oeredgreat capacity or cargo and greatercomort or passengers than any otherexisting airplane. Te rst Martin Marshad already set many world records; thecommercial version was capable o ex-ceeding them.
Te Mars ransport possessed greatload carrying capability, tremendoussize, and economy o operation. Itsnormal gross weight was 165,000 lbs.Te two-deck hull alone—exclusive o the wing—contained 15,600 cubic eetwithin its 120 oot length. ranslatedinto terms o transport, the Mars had ad-equate space to carry the enormous loado 25,500 lbs o cargo and 105 passengersor a distance o 1,500 statute miles or9,050 lbs o cargo and 60 passengers ora distance o 3,500 miles.Te Mars eatured a semi-mono-coque constructed hull. Four mainwater-tight bulkheads, closely spacedormer rames and stringers providedthe strength or the Mars' load-carryingability. All sheet material in the wing andhull was 24 S or SR alclad aluminumalloy. Stringers were either o ormed al-clad sheet or extruded 24 S material.Te Mars was a high-wing type o ying boat. Te wing was o the time-proven, two-spar type with stressed skincover. Both spars were o the tensioneld type, with no cut-outs except whereaccess holes were provided or passage o the crew. Both top and bottom coverswere o the at sheet-stringer type. Teupper cover was unique in that the covergauge and string spacing were adjustedso that no wrinkles appeared in the skinat ull design load. Te nose skin wasalso designed to be non-wrinkling at 1.5times the ight actor.
n 1944, the Martin Mars was the larg-est and longest-range production y-ing boat in the world. Initially con-ceived in 1938 as a patrol bomber, thetype was subsequently converted to thetransport role. Te marketing brochurereproduced over the ollowing pagespresents several interior designs or acommercial version—all-passenger,all-cargo, and passenger-cargo arrange-ments. Martin claimed that "competentauthorities" recognized these arrange-ments as "outstanding contributions tomodern transportation."By 1944, the Martin Mars prototypehad been built, tested, and largely prov-en. It was in over-ocean service withthe US Navy, carrying war materiel andtroops. wenty more were being rushedto completion or the Naval Air rans-port Service—then one o the two largestairlines in the world, the other being PanAm, the main target o Martin's market-ing eorts. (Tis order was later reducedto 5 at the end o the war).Te Mars ransport was the climaxo years o Martin's development andexperience in the design and buildingo ying boats; the aircra oered "newand practical horizons" to those whowere "planning the air lines o peace."Martin claimed that the ying boat2