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BP Magazine on Sugarcane Biofuels

BP Magazine on Sugarcane Biofuels

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Published by SugarcaneBlog
BP plans to invest between $5 billion and $6 billion in Brazilian ethanol projects over the next five to 10 years.

With strong positions in jet fuels, auto and manufacturing lubricants, and a new venture in sugar cane-based biofuels, BP is finding itself well placed to take advantage of this growing interest.

As I stood at the base of one of the world’s most recognised sculptures, watching a bright sun’s white radiance turn to a soft glow with the approach of dusk, I considered a well-kept secret I learned about Brazil. A country known for its beautiful people (inside and out I must add), the Amazon rainforest, Carnival, World Cup football teams, famous beaches and its Portuguese language is quietly building up its resource muscle and cultivating its business acuity. Brazil is a remote giant that is poised to emerge as a formidable influence in the world.
Atop a mountain named Corcovado in Rio de Janeiro, the massive, awe-inspiring sculpture of Christ the Redeemer stands, arms extended wide, leaving its message open for interpretation, perhaps a religious symbol, maybe a welcome, or embrace of protection. “Look at all that Brazil offers,” it seems to say, “and see a bright future, new growth and fresh opportunities.” BP has certainly seen those opportunities and is busy growing its presence in the South American country, although not, at the moment, in the way one might expect.

Brazil produces hydrocarbons primarily from the Atlantic Ocean in the Campos basin in the southeast – in 2008 it produced around 2 million barrels per day. Many energy companies, including the national oil company Petrobras and BP, have their main offices in Rio, the original gateway to Brazil. An extraordinary place, Rio is a city of millions, where breathtaking beauty and extremes of wealth and poverty are tightly packed between mountains, hillsides and world-renowned beaches – Copacabana and Ipanema. It may soon be famous as an energy centre, too. Recent oil discoveries off the city’s coast have some experts believing vast resources lie beneath a dome of salt and rock.
BP plans to invest between $5 billion and $6 billion in Brazilian ethanol projects over the next five to 10 years.

With strong positions in jet fuels, auto and manufacturing lubricants, and a new venture in sugar cane-based biofuels, BP is finding itself well placed to take advantage of this growing interest.

As I stood at the base of one of the world’s most recognised sculptures, watching a bright sun’s white radiance turn to a soft glow with the approach of dusk, I considered a well-kept secret I learned about Brazil. A country known for its beautiful people (inside and out I must add), the Amazon rainforest, Carnival, World Cup football teams, famous beaches and its Portuguese language is quietly building up its resource muscle and cultivating its business acuity. Brazil is a remote giant that is poised to emerge as a formidable influence in the world.
Atop a mountain named Corcovado in Rio de Janeiro, the massive, awe-inspiring sculpture of Christ the Redeemer stands, arms extended wide, leaving its message open for interpretation, perhaps a religious symbol, maybe a welcome, or embrace of protection. “Look at all that Brazil offers,” it seems to say, “and see a bright future, new growth and fresh opportunities.” BP has certainly seen those opportunities and is busy growing its presence in the South American country, although not, at the moment, in the way one might expect.

Brazil produces hydrocarbons primarily from the Atlantic Ocean in the Campos basin in the southeast – in 2008 it produced around 2 million barrels per day. Many energy companies, including the national oil company Petrobras and BP, have their main offices in Rio, the original gateway to Brazil. An extraordinary place, Rio is a city of millions, where breathtaking beauty and extremes of wealth and poverty are tightly packed between mountains, hillsides and world-renowned beaches – Copacabana and Ipanema. It may soon be famous as an energy centre, too. Recent oil discoveries off the city’s coast have some experts believing vast resources lie beneath a dome of salt and rock.

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Published by: SugarcaneBlog on Mar 04, 2009
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08/29/2010

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BPMAGAZINE
THE INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINE OF THE BP GROUP
ISSUE 1 2009
With strong positions in jet fuels and lubricantsand a growing biofuels business, BP’s Brazilianbusiness is reaping rewards.
BP Magazine 
reportsfrom the South American country.
38
SPOTLIGHT: BUSINESS IN BRAZIL
18CLASS ACT
Bringing scienceto life in schools
28OCEAN JEWEL
Latest shippingfleet launched
48TOP MODEL
Predicting thefuture of climate
+
SWEETHARVEST
 
BP MAGAZINE
The international magazine of the BP Group –ISSUE 12009
BP Magazine
is published quarterly for external readers around theworld, as well as past and present BP employees. Its contents do notnecessarily reflect official company views.The copyright for photographs and illustrations in
BP Magazine
is notalways owned by BP. Please contact BP Photographic Services for details.
managing editor
Barbara Peenpeenb@bp.com
editor
Lisa Davisonlisa.davison@uk.bp.com
distribution
Carolyn Copland+44 (0) 20 7496 4340
design
Phil Steed – Steed Designphil@steeddesign.comwww.steeddesign.com
print management 
Williams Lea
image contributors
BP ImageshopDebut ArtiStockphoto Jupiter Images Unlimited
Welcome.
Inspiration is a powerful tool. It caninstil great passion in people, and drive them toachieve remarkable things. In many cases, that firsttaste of inspiration comes from a teacher. In the UK,interest in science at school has declined in recentyears, leading to concerns of a skills shortage inindustries dependent on those subjects. On page 18,we find out about a BP-supported programme – aptlyentitled Project Enthuse – designed to help scienceteachers reverse that trend, while a look at climatemodelling on page 48, advances in seismictechnology on page 8 and the innovation behind BPShipping’s latest fleet featured on page 28 are allperfect examples of how inspired thought helpsdrive the energy industry.
Lisa Davison>Editor
contents / issue 1 2009
© BP p.l.c., 2009
NINA MORGAN
worked as anexploration geologistfor seven years beforeturning to freelancescience writing. Shenow specialises inwriting about allbranches of scienceand technology.
STUART CONWAY’S
all time favouritephotographic subjectwas a dazzling maleTufted Coquettehummingbird whilston assignment inTrinidad.
DAVID LYTTLETON
is a freelanceillustrator fromNewcastle-Under-Lyme, Staffordshire. Hecontributes to manypublications,includinga weekly
Guardian
column.
contributors>
+Features
10Mega achievemen
The story behind Azerbaijan’s‘contract of the century’. By Helen Campbell
Photography by BP Imageshop
18Enthusiastic approach
The educationprogramme designed to help teachers inspire a newgeneration of scientists. By Hester Thomas
Photography by National Science Learning Centre
24 Ethical values
How BP’s compliance and ethicsagenda is meeting the very highest expectations.By Lisa Davison
Illustration by Serge Seidlitz
28Precious cargo
The new class of liquefied naturalgas vessels adding a touch of sparkle to the high seas. ByNick Reed
Photography by Stuart Conway
Cover story
38Brazilian beauty
Interest in Brazil is on the risewith growth in tourism and businesses. BP is poised totap into that growth thanks to a strong presence in jetfuels, a well-established lubricants business and a newbiofuels venture.
BP Magazine
visits the country to learnmore about this sleeping giant. By Paula Kolmar
Photography by Marc Morrison
48All change
Climate modelling is an increasinglyuseful tool in understanding the Earth’s climate andscientists at Princeton are leading the way. By Nina Morgan
Photography by NOAA
52Looking East 
A new BP-supported exhibition hasbegun travelling around the UK giving insight into Chinesehistory and culture. By Hester Thomas
Photography from the Trustees of the British Museum
58Interactive energy
How a new BP website aims tohelp individuals better understand their carbon footprint,while offering tips to reduce it. By Helen Campbell
+Regulars
04 For the record
A snapshot of BP news and statisticsfrom around the world.
06The Big Issue
The Met Office discusses thechallenges and opportunities of using climate models.
Illustration by David Lyttleton
07BP Faces
BP Australia’s national barista championmakes the perfect coffee.
Photography by Bill Bachman
08Science made simple
The technology helping BP‘see’ through salt. By Nic Welsh.
Illustration by Magic Torch
36Viewpoint 
Music students gather for a very specialperformance. By Lisa Davison
Photography by Richard Davies
57Factfile
A look at a few ‘firsts’ from BP Shipping.
62Archive
Revisiting BP’s connections with Chinathrough the past century.
Photography by BP Archive
66Parting shot:Freeze frame
Capturing an Afro-Brazilian artform in full flow.
 
Report>
Paula Kolmar
Photography>
Marc Morrison
38
Issue 1 2009
BP MAGAZINE
international operations
Country report>
Brazil
Sweet success:
sugar caneharvesting occurs twice a yearin Brazil in the warm centralareas near the equator. Thecountry produces more than20 billion litres of sugar caneethanol every year.

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