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The Real Men of the Renaissance - Badreddine Belhamissi

The Real Men of the Renaissance - Badreddine Belhamissi

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Published by Belhamissi
The Real Men of the Renaissance
The Real Men of the Renaissance

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Published by: Belhamissi on Mar 30, 2013
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03/31/2013

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The Real Men Of TheRenaissance
Most western authors contend that the Renaissance emerged whenEuropeans studied Greek and Roman civilizations then developednew arts and sciences. These racist views hide or deny the massiveeffort to translate Arabic books to Latin, study them, and copy theMuslim civilization without giving appropriate credit to the "real"authors. Most Europeans had discovered the magnificent Muslimcivilization during their crusades against the Muslims in Iberia and theMiddle East.TheQur'an, as the final word of God, anticipated many of themodern scientific discoverieswhich were beyond human imagination 14centuries ago. The Muslim scientific revolution, which produced therenaissance that put Muslims at the top of the civilized world for 8centuries, was a result of contemplating the clues in the Qur'an aboutthe physical world.The Muslim contributions are still evident today, 7 centuries after thedestruction of the Muslim cultural centers in Asia by Genghis Khanand Hulagu, and 5 centuries after the destruction of the great Muslimcultural centers in Iberia by the Spaniards.
Arabic numerals, algebra, logarithms, and algorithms
prove theWest learned mathematics from the Muslims.al-Khawarizmiwho diedin 850 AD, introduced
Algebra, the zero, negative numbers,algorithms (programs or software), and the decimal system tothe West
. One cannot imagine computers using Roman numerals.One cannot imagine the digital age without zeros.
Alchemy, amalgam, sugar, soap,
alkali,
and alcohol
indicate theWest learned chemistry from the Muslims. Many
stars
have Arabicnames including Algol, Markeb, Deneb Algedi, Menkar, Ras Al Asad,
 
Alphard, etc..
. Muslin
(named after the city of Mosul, Iraq),
Damaskand Damascene
(named after the city of Damascus, Syria, the oldestcity in the world) indicate the West learned about fine clothing andfine art from the Muslims. More than 1700 words in the Dictionary arederived from Arabic words like
admiral, cipher, tariff, check, lute,guitar, Marsala (Marsa ( harbor ) of Allah), and alcove
indicate theMuslim influence on the West is extensive.
 
The first medical book ever printed in Europe in 1486 AD
was themedical encyclopedia byAbu Bakr al-Razi (Rhazes)
(The WorldsGreatest Physician In The Middle Ages who died in 932 AD
). Itwas translated into Latin by Faraj Ibn Salem.Pupil, cornea, abdomen, saphenous, nucha, ass, blind, basilic,cephalic, drug, natron, sherbet, syrup, talc, elixir, and camphor arederived from Arabic words.
 
During the dark age of Europe, monasteries ran hospitals whereexorcism and prayers to patron saints were the main cures. Surgerywas banned by the church to protect the monks from evil spirits.The first real hospital and apothecary were opened in Baghdad in 805AD by the Caliph Harun al-Rashid. In 931 AD, 869 physicians appliedfor licensing examination in Baghdad. Muslims had separate hospitalsfor men and women; and separate hospitals for mental, contagiousand non-contagious diseases.Muslim hospitals were
teaching hospitals
where physicians taught inthe morning and treated patients in the afternoon.
Music was playedin the hospitals to soothe the patients and speed their recovery.Medications were added to syrups, juleps, and rose and orangeblossom water. Anesthetics made from hemp were used to easethe pain.
Pharmacists were licensed after passing examinations by the State.Hospitals were supported by the State or by charitable endowments.Patients received treatment for free.Muslims invented the
ambulant clinic
which was carried oncamelback to provide medical services to prisoners, people in remotetowns and villages without hospitals, and people afflicted withepidemics or natural disasters.A census taken In 950 AD in the Muslim city of Qurtubah (nowCordoba or Cordova, Spain), which was one of the centers of theMuslim civilization in Europe, counted a population of 600,000,90,000 businesses, a university for 20,000 students, 600 mosques,300 public baths, 80 schools, 70 public libraries, and 50 hospitals.Muslims had precise weights and measures. Gold coins made 10
 
centuries ago had a weight variance if 1/3000th of a gram.
Muslimsdetermined that the earth was spherical and invented sphericalgeometry, the clock pendulum, the magnetic compass, the art ofnavigation and the astrolabe. Al-Battani
calculated the duration ofthe
solar year
within 2 minutes of the current estimate.Muslims introduced Europeans to
postal service, gold coins,sophisticated cuisine, tulips, perfumes, fruits, vegetables,hospitals, public (Turkish) baths, windmills, waterwheels,troubadours, musical instruments, cavalry, artillery, heraldry,and chivalry.
There is an effort underway to restore one of theMuslim public baths in Granada to its former glory.
 
During the 8 centuries when Muslims ruled the civilized world, Muslimscientists compiled accomplishments that are still impressive bytoday's standards. The list of scientists includes:Jabir Ibn Hayyan(Geber)who died in 808 AD, was
the father of modern chemistry
;
Ibn Firnas
, who died in 888 AD, constructed
the first man-poweredflying machine
;Abu Bakr al-Razi (Rhazes)who died in 932 AD, was
 the world's greatest physician in the middle ages;
 al-Idrisiwhodied in 932 AD, prepared
the world's first globe
;
Al-Buzajani
whodied in 998 AD, discovered
the wobble in the moon's orbit
;Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi ( Albucasis )who died in 1013 AD, was the
authorof the first surgery book
;
al-Maqdisi
who died in 1101 AD,produced
the first map in colors; Omar al-Khayyam
, who died in1131 AD, was a Sufi poet and a mathematician who
reformed theIndian calendar with higher accuracy than the 1582 AD Gregoriancalendar
;Ibn Sina (Avicenna), who died in 1037 AD wrote
theworld's medical authority until the 19th Century
;Ibn al-Haitham, who died in 1039 AD, was the Father Of Modern Optics, a greatscientist and Engineer who formulated the laws of reflection andrefraction and explained the rainbow phenomenon;Ibn Rushd(Averroes)who died in 1198 AD, was a philosopher, physician, ChiefJustice, Minister, and discovered the
sunspots
;
Fakhruddin Al-Razi
 who died in 1209 AD, determined that
the stars were moving andvaried in distance from the earth
;
Ibn al-Nafis
, who died in 1288AD, discovered
the blood circulation
;al-Jaldakiwho died in 1360AD, produced
pure gold
;Ibn Khaldunwho died in 1406 AD, was the
 real father of sociology
.Muslim Law 
(Shari'ah)
was the world's most sophisticated legalsystem through the 15th century. Napoleon returned to France fromEgypt with a copy of
Shari'ah 
which influenced Napoleonic Law.Thecollapse of the Muslim civilizationtoward the end of the 15thcentury, after endlessCrusadesended 8 centuries of Muslimscholarship when Muslims ruled the civilized world. This put theMuslims under colonial imperialism determined to keep them divided,poor, and uneducated so they may supply their conquerors with

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