Afghanistan faces a protracted humanitarian crisis in which both the relief and recoveryrequirements must be addressed. Afghanistan is frequently hit by natural disasters such asdrought, and is suffering from the consequences of 30 years of civil unrest. Humanitarianaccess in Afghanistan has restrictions because of fighting between insurgent armed groupsand the combination of the International Security Assistance Force, the North Atlantic TreatyOrganization, and the Afghan National Army forces. The challenges facing the country arecompounded by the widespread insecurity resulting from conflict, with resultant displacementand reduced humanitarian access, limited institutional capacities, destroyed health andeducation, non-cohesive partnerships, market volatility and Afghanistan’s landlocked status.Hunger and malnutrition are widespread: 7.3 million people in a total population of 26 millionare considered food-insecure; with another 5.4 million at risk.An independent evaluation of the 2006–2009 operation confirmed the relevance,appropriateness and coherence of WFP’s activities in Afghanistan. These will be enhanced inthis operation to enhance resilience and food security, with emphasis on saving lives,restoring livelihoods, gender equality, strengthening central and provincial governmentcapacity. In response to recommendations to strengthen the monitoring and evaluation systemfor programme refinement and accountability, there is an expansion of the capacity andgeographical coverage of monitoring and evaluation.This operation will seek to use food assistance effectively and efficiently in line with the WFPStrategic Plan and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework 2010–13. Theactivities are linked to Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7.Protracted relief and recovery operation 200063 has the following primary objectives:
support conflict- and disaster-affected people, internally displaced persons and other vulnerable groups, including malnourished children and pregnant and lactatingwomen, whose food security has been adversely affected by shocks(Strategic Objective 1);
support the re-establishment of the livelihoods of communities and families affected by shocks, including through basic education and basic skills training for girls andwomen (Strategic Objective 3); and
improve the success of tuberculosis treatment (Strategic Objective 4).The operation will also support and increase the capacities of the Government to prepare for,assess and respond to acute hunger arising from disasters (Strategic Objective 2) and developlocal food security systems and the capacity to predict and reduce hunger (Strategic Objective 5).