In 1945, Arthur C. Clarke provided what most consider the initial principles forSatellite Communications. In a technical paper published in a United Kingdomperiodical magazine, he stated that a space-station orbiting 42,000 km above theequator could act as a repeater to relay transmissions between any two points onthe hemisphere beneath it. It was not until the early 1960s that the first workablecommunications satellite was built and launched.PanAmSat, the first commercial satellite operator in the world, was establishedin 1984 by the late Rene Anselmo. Fed up with the high cost and poor serviceby the government-run providers, Rene Anselmo broke the governmentmonopoly on satellite communications and launched PAS-1. By 1992, PAS-1was effectively sold out and PanAmSat was on its way to become one of thelargest satellite providers in the world with a global satellite fleet.Arthur C. Clarke and Rene Anselmo were bold men who saw growth andpotential where many did not. This document was created to provide the basicconcepts of satellite communications and how we use it today. The documentwill give you a better understanding of Radio Frequencies, the earth stationcomponents (antennas and amplifiers), PanAmSat satellite components, the twobasic carrier types, and link budgets.