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WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION RELATED TO THE LEUKEMIA CLUSTER FALLON, NEVADA U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Division Nevada District Office June 2001 8/6/01 Fallon WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION (Condensed).doc Page 1 WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION RELATED TO THE LEUKEMIA CLUSTER FALLON, NEVADA

WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION RELATED TO THE LEUKEMIA CLUSTER FALLON, NEVADA U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Division Nevada District Office June 2001 8/6/01 Fallon WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION (Condensed).doc Page 1 WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION RELATED TO THE LEUKEMIA CLUSTER FALLON, NEVADA

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WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION RELATED TO THE LEUKEMIA CLUSTER FALLON, NEVADA U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Division Nevada District Office June 2001 8/6/01 Fallon WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION (Condensed).doc Page 1 WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION RELATED TO THE LEUKEMIA CLUSTER FALLON, NEVADA EXECUTIVE SUMMARY PROBLEM: A cluster of Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) cases in the ...
WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION RELATED TO THE LEUKEMIA CLUSTER FALLON, NEVADA U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Division Nevada District Office June 2001 8/6/01 Fallon WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION (Condensed).doc Page 1 WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION RELATED TO THE LEUKEMIA CLUSTER FALLON, NEVADA EXECUTIVE SUMMARY PROBLEM: A cluster of Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) cases in the ...

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Published by: galina sokolova on Jul 02, 2007
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8/6/01Fallon WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION (Condensed).doc
Page 1
WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATIONRELATED TO THE LEUKEMIA CLUSTERFALLON, NEVADA
U.S. Geological SurveyWater Resources DivisionNevada District OfficeJune 2001
 
8/6/01Fallon WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION (Condensed).doc
Page 2
WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATIONRELATED TO THE LEUKEMIA CLUSTERFALLON, NEVADA
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYPROBLEM: A cluster of Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) cases in the Fallon, Nevada areawas identified during the summer of 2000. To date, thirteen children have been diagnosed withALL, and an additional child has been diagnosed with Acute Myolitic Leukemia. One child hasdied. The Nevada State Epidemiologist convened a meeting April 17, 2001 of State and Federalagencies to address data needs for an investigation into potential causes of the cluster. USGSpresented an overview of its published work in the Fallon area(http://nevada.usgs.gov/fallon/fallon.htm
 
). Subsequent discussion focused on radioisotope work published in Open-File Report 94-31, as radiation has been linked to various forms of leukemia.A front-page article in the Reno Gazette-Journal the next morning focused on the USGS reportand led to a request from the Nevada Congressional delegation to the Director of the USGS foran immediate study to quantify potential environmental vectors that might be related to theFallon cluster.This work plan is the USGS response to that request. The plan has been developed inconsultation with the City of Fallon, Churchill County, the Nevada Health Division, the NevadaDivision of Environmental Protection, the Nevada State Epidemiologist, the Centers for DiseaseControl, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, and the staffs of Senators HarryReid and John Ensign and Representative Jim Gibbons. The time frame for the study isextremely compressed in order to meet the needs of the State and Federal agencies that requirethe data on an extremely tight schedule.OBJECTIVES: This study has six objectives: (1) to characterize current chemical quality of alldrinking water sources in the Fallon area; (2) to determine if there have been changes in waterquality over the last decade; (3) to evaluate differences in water quality using a variety of statistical techniques; (4) to evaluate if water consumed by the case families differs from waterconsumed by the community as a whole; (5) to correlate water quality conditions with soil anddust analyses collected by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection and with bioassaydata collected by the Centers for Disease Control; and (6) to relate any identified correlationswith the incidence of ALL..RELEVANCE AND BENEFITS: The USGS was specifically requested by the NevadaCongressional Delegation to perform this study. Additionally, this study directly supports issuesidentified in the USGS Water Resources Discipline (WRD) strategic plan, the StrategicDirections for the WRD document, and the Nevada District Science Plan. While not beingfunded under the USGS Cooperative Water Program, several priority issues of that program arealso addressed.APPROACH: The first objective will be met through a stratified collection and analysis of ground water samples that are representative of current water quality conditions in the utilizedaquifers. The stratification will include sampling wells that USGS has used as part of itsNational Water Quality Assessment Program, wells in residential areas that have been developed
 
8/6/01Fallon WATER QUALITY INVESTIGATION (Condensed).doc
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since Open-File Report 94-31 was published, wells near where ALL case families have lived,and wells near a jet-fuel pipeline that many Fallon residents believe may be contributingcontaminants to the drinking water supply.The second objective will be met by comparing these current conditions to conditionspreviously published in several USGS and State agency reports. Maps will be produced showingconcentration contours for key chemical constituents and showing areas where significantconcentration changes have occurred.The third objective will be met by analyzing the data using principal component andcluster analytical tools. Where appropriate, Stiff diagrams will be constructed to visuallyhighlight ground water differences in the various aquifers. Where data exists, ground water willbe age-dated.The fourth objective will be met by analyzing differences between water quality at casefamily residences compared to water quality for non-case family residences in the same areas.The fifth object will be met by integrating data collected by USGS and data collected byother participating agencies doing complementary media analyses. At present, the NevadaDivision of Environmental Protection plans to collect and analyze soil and dust samples at casefamily residences and at control family residences. Similarly, the Centers for Disease Control isplanning on sampling blood, urine, and tissue from the children with ALL and control children.The sixth objective will be met through a collaborative discussion with a variety of local,State, and Federal agencies in an attempt to discern potential causative agents, or mixture of agents, that my define ALL risk in the Fallon, Nevada area.

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