The elections of 4
March, 2013 were the first in Kenya to attempt to useelectronic facilitation. The IEBC, at various stages of the election, deployed thefollowing technologies: (i) Biometric Voter Registration (BVR) during voterregistration; (ii) Electronic Voter Identification (EVID) on polling day; and(iii) Results Transmission System (RTS) during tallying. On 19
November, 2012, the IEBC began a voter registration exercise, which culminated in approximately 14 million voters being registered. On 4
March, 2013 voters went to the polls in significant numbers. A record 86% of registered voters were reported to have participated in the General Elections. After the polls officially closed on that day, the IEBC began the process of votetallying, and the results were then broadcast to the public.
DECLARATION OF RESULTS, AND THE ENSUING PETITIONS
 On 9
March, 2013, five days after the General Elections were held, theChairman of the IEBC, Mr. Issack Hassan (second Respondent), announcedthat Mr. Uhuru Kenyatta had received 6,173,433 votes out of a total of 12,338,667 (50.07% of all the votes cast), while Mr. Raila Odinga (thepetitioner) had received 5,340,546 votes (43.31% of the votes cast). Pursuantto Article 138(4) of the Constitution, Mr. Hassan declared Mr. UhuruKenyatta, the President-elect. Subsequent to the announcement, three petitions challenging the resultsof the Presidential elections were filed at the Supreme Court.
Petition No. 3 of 2013
 On 14
March 2013, Petitioners Moses Kiarie Kuria, Denis Njue Itumbiand Flowrence Jematiah Sergon filed a petition against the IEBC as the 1