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Grammatical Analysis

Grammatical Analysis

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Published by: silverpen on Apr 02, 2009
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06/18/2013

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Grammatical Analysis.doc Page 23
Some Examples of Simple Grammatical Analysis of Sentences
The pen IS broken.
ﻮﺴﹾﻜﻣ ﻢﹶﻠﹶﻘﹾﻟﺍﺭ
This IS a book.
 
ﺏﺎﺘﻛ ﺍﺬﻫ
ﻢﹶﻠﹶﻘﹾﻟﺍ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ﺍﺬﻫ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ ﺓﺭﺎﺷِﻹﺍ ﻢﺳﺍ
 
ﻮﺴﹾﻜﻣﺭ=ﺮﺒﺧ
 
ﺏﺎﺘﻛ =ﺮﺒﺧ
 
The bag IS under the desk.
ﹺﺐﺘﹾﻜﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﺖﺤﺗ ﹸﺔﺒﻴﻘﺤﹾﻟﺍ
The book IS on the desk.
ﹺﺐﺘﹾﻜﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺏﺎﺘﻜﹾﻟﺍ
ﹸﺔﺒﻴﻘﺤﹾﻟﺍ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ﺏﺎﺘﻜﹾﻟﺍ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ﺖﺤﺗ =ﻑﺮﹶﻇ-ﺮﺒﺧ ﺔﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ ﻪﺒﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ=ﺮﺟ ﻑﺮﺣ
 
ﹺﺐﺘﹾﻜﻤﹾﻟﺍ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ
 
ﺍﹺﺐﺘﹾﻜﻤﹾﻟ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻢﺳﺍ
 
)ﹺﺐﺘﹾﻜﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ(ﺮﺒﺧ ﺔﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ ﻪﺒﺷ
The merchant’s house IS infront of the Mosque.
ﺪﹺﺠﺴﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻣﹶﺃ ﹺﺮﹺﺟﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﺖﻴﺑ
The Quran IS the book of Allah.
ﺍ ﺏﺎﺘﻛ ﹸﻥﺁﺮﹸﻘﹾﻟﺍ
ِ
 
ﺖﻴﺑ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ﹸﻥﺁﺮﹸﻘﹾﻟﺍ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ِﺮﹺﺟﺎﺘﻟﺍ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ
 
ﺏﺎﺘﻛ =ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ﺮﺒﺧ
 
ﻡﺎﻣﹶﺃ=ﻑﺮﹶﻇ-ﺮﺒﺧ ﺔﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ ﻪﺒﺷ ﺍِﷲ=ﺔﹶﻟﹶﻼﹶﳉﺍ ﹸﻆﹾﻔﹶﻟ-ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ
 
ﺪﹺﺠﺴﻤﹾﻟﺍ=ﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣﺭﻭ
 
This bicycle belongs to (ISfor) the son of themu’adhdhin.
ﻥﱢﺫﺆﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﹺﻦﺑﻻِﹸﺔﺟﺍﺭﺪﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ
This house belongs to (ISfor) the teacher.
ﹺﺱﺭﺪﻤﹾﻠﻟ ﺖﻴﺒﹾﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ
ﻩﺬﻫ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ ﺓﺭﺎﺷِﻹﺍ ﻢﺳﺍ
 
ﺍﺬﻫ=ﻣ ﺓﺭﺎﺷِﻹﺍ ﻢﺳﺍﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒ 
 
ﹸﺔﺟﺍﺭﺪﻟﺍ=ﹲﻝﺪﺑ
 
ﺖﻴﺒﹾﻟﺍ=ﹲﻝﺪﺑ
 
ﻝِ =ﺮﺟ ﻑﺮﺣ
 
ﻝِ =ﺮﺟ ﻑﺮﺣ
 
ﹺﻦﺑﺍ=ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻢﺳﺍ
 
ﹺﺱﺭﺪﻤﹾﻟﺍ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻢﺳﺍ
 
ﻥﱢﺫﺆﻤﹾﻟﺍ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ.
 
)ﹺﺱﺭﺪﻤﹾﻠﻟ(ﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ ﻪﺒﺷﺮﺒﺧ ﺔ 
 
)ﻥﱢﺫﺆﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﹺﻦﺑﻻِ (ﺮﺒﺧ ﺔﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ ﻪﺒﺷ
THE ARABIC LANGUAGE IS easy.
ﹲﺔﹶﻠﻬﺳ ﹸﺔﻴﹺﺑﺮﻌﹾﻟﺍ ﹸﺔﻐﱡﻠﻟﺍ
THE ARABIC IS an easy language.
 
ﹲﺔﹶﻠﻬﺳ ﹲﺔﻐﹸﻟ ﹸﺔﻴﹺﺑﺮﻌﹾﻟﺍ
ﹸﺔﻐﱡﻠﻟﺍ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ﹸﺔﻴﹺﺑﺮﻌﹾﻟﺍ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ﹾﻟﺍﹸﺔﻴﹺﺑﺮﻌ =ﺖﻌﻧ
 
ﹲﺔﻐﹸﻟ=ﺮﺒﺧ
 
ﹲﺔﹶﻠﻬﺳ=ﺮﺒﺧ
 
ﹲﺔﹶﻠﻬﺳ=ﺖﻌﻧ
 
 
Grammatical Analysis.doc Page 24
Some Examples of Simple Grammatical Analysis of Sentences
My father IS a big
 
merchant.
ﺮﻴﹺﺒﹶﻛ ﺮﹺﺟﺎﺗ ﻲﹺﺑﹶﺃ
 
The broken chairIS in that room.
ﹾﻟﺍﻮﺴﹾﻜﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﻲﺳﺮﹸﻜ ﹾﻠﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺔﹶﻓﺮﻐﹾﻟﺍ ﻚ 
 
ﺏﹶﺃ=ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ﻲﺳﺮﹸﻜﹾﻟﺍ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ﻱ=ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﹺﻢﱢﻠﹶﻜﺘﻤﹾﻟﺍ ُﺀﺎﻳ ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﺭﻮﺴﹾﻜﻤﹾﻟﺍ=ﺖﻌﻧ ﺮﹺﺟﺎﺗ =ﺮﺒﺧ
 
ﻲﻓ=ﺮﺟ ﻑﺮﺣ
 
ﺮﻴﹺﺒﹶﻛ =ﺖﻌﻧ ﹾﻠﺗ ﻚ =ﻣ ﺓﺭﺎﺷِﻹﺍ ﻢﺳﺍﺭﻭﺮﺠ  ﺔﹶﻓﺮﻐﹾﻟﺍ=ﹲﻝﺪﺑ.
 
)ﹾﻠﺗ ﻲﻓﺔﹶﻓﺮﻐﹾﻟﺍ ﻚ (ﺮﺒﺧ ﺔﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ ﻪﺒﺷ
My brother’s room IS in front of my room.
ﻲﺘﹶﻓﺮﹸﻏ ﻡﺎﻣﹶﺃ ﻲﺧﹶﺃ ﹸﺔﹶﻓﺮﹸﻏ
He has a car
 
(a car IS with him) .
ﹲﺓﺭﺎﻴﺳ ﻩﺪﻨﻋ
ﹸﺔﹶﻓﺮﹸﻏ=ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ﺪﻨﻋ=ﻑﺮﹶﻇ-ﻡﺪﹶﻘﻣ ﺮﺒﺧ ﺔﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ ﻪﺒﺷ ﹺﺥﹶﺃ=ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ
 
ﻩ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ.
 
ﻱ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﹺﻢﱢﻠﹶﻜﺘﻤﹾﻟﺍ ُﺀﺎﻳ 
 
ﹲﺓﺭﺎﻴﺳ=ﻣ ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣﺮﺧﺆ 
 
ﻡﺎﻣﹶﺃ=ﻑﺮﹶﻇ-ﺮﺒﺧ ﺔﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ ﻪﺒﺷ ﺔﹶﻓﺮﹸﻏ=ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ
 
These ARE teachers.
ﺭﺪﻣ ِﺀﻻﺆﻫﹶﻥﻮﺳ
 
ﻱ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﹺﻢﱢﻠﹶﻜﺘﻤﹾﻟﺍ ُﺀﺎﻳ .
 
ِﺀﻻﺆﻫ=ﺘﺒﻣ ﺓﺭﺎﺷِﻹﺍ ﻢﺳﺍﹲﺃﺪ 
 
ﹶﻥﻮﺳﺭﺪﻣ=ﺮﺒﺧ
 
I AM in the secondary school.
ﺔﻳﹺﻮﻧﺎﱠﺜﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺭﺪﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻧﹶﺃ
 
I have one brother (belongs to meone brother).
 
ﺪﺣﺍﻭ ﺥﹶﺃ ﻲﻟ
ﺎﻧﹶﺃ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ﻝِ=ﺮﺟ ﻑﺮﺣ
 
ﻲﻓ=ﺮﺟ ﻑﺮﺣ
 
ﻱ=ﺍ ﹺﻢﱢﻠﹶﻜﺘﻤﹾﻟﺍ ُﺀﺎﻳ ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻢﺳ.
 
ﺔﺳﺭﺪﻤﹾﻟﺍ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻢﺳﺍ )ﻲﻟ(ﻡﺪﹶﻘﻣ ﺮﺒﺧ ﺔﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ ﻪﺒﺷ ﺔﻳﹺﻮﻧﺎﱠﺜﻟﺍ=ﺖﻌﻧ. ﺥﹶﺃ=ﺮﺧﺆﻣ ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ )ﺔﻳﹺﻮﻧﺎﱠﺜﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺭﺪﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ(ﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﺮﺒﺧ ﺔﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ ﻪﺒﺷﺃﺪﺘﺒ ﺪﺣﺍﻭ=ﺖﻌﻧ
 
ﹸﺔﻋﺎﻃﹺﺇ ﹺﻝﻮﺳﺮﻟﺍ ﹸﺔﻋﺎﻃﹺﺇﺍِﺍ ﹺﻞﻀﹶﻓ ﻦﻣ ﺍﺬﻫِﷲ
ﹸﺔﻋﺎﻃﹺﺇ=ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ ﺍﺬﻫ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ ﺓﺭﺎﺷِﻹﺍ ﻢﺳﺍ ﹺﻝﻮﺳﺮﻟﺍ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻦﻣ=ﺮﺟ ﻑﺮﺣ ﹸﺔﻋﺎﻃﹺﺇ=ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ﺮﺒﺧ ﹺﻞﻀﹶﻓ=ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻢﺳﺍ ﺍِﷲ=ﺔﹶﻟﹶﻼﹶﳉﺍ ﹸﻆﹾﻔﹶﻟ-ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﺍِﷲ=ﺔﹶﻟﹶﻼﹶﳉﺍ ﹸﻆﹾﻔﹶﻟ-ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ. )ﺍ ﹺﻞﻀﹶﻓ ﻦﻣِﷲ(ﺮﺒﺧ ﺔﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ ﻪﺒﺷ
 
Grammatical Analysis.doc Page 25
Some Examples of Simple Grammatical Analysis of Sentences
The new studentsWENT to themosque.
ﺪﹺﺠﺴﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﱃﺇ ﺍﻮﺒﻫﹶﺫ ﺩﺪﺠﹾﻟﺍ ﺏﱠﻼﱞﻄﻟﺍ
 
Amina WENT to the school.
ﺔﺳﺭﺪﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﱃﺇ ﺖﺒﻫﹶﺫ ﹸﺔﻨﻣﺁ
 
ﺏﱠﻼﱡﻄﻟﺍ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ﹸﺔﻨﻣﺁ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ﺩﺪﺠﹾﻟﺍ=ﺖﻌﻧ ﺐﻫﹶﺫ=ﹴﺽﺎﻣ ﹲﻞﻌﻓ ﺐﻫﹶﺫ=ﹴﺽﺎﻣ ﹲﻞﻌﻓ
 
ﺕ=ﺚﻴﹺﻧﹾﺄﺘﻟﺍ ُﺀﺎﺗ 
 
ﻭ=ﹲﻞﻋﺎﻓ)ﻢﻫ(
Hidden Pronoun
 
ﹲﻞﻋﺎﻓ=ﺮﺘﺘﺴﻣ ﺮﻴﻤﺿ)ﻲﻫ( ﱃﺇ=ﺮﺟ ﻑﺮﺣ ﱃﺇ=ﺮﺟ ﻑﺮﺣ ﺪﹺﺠﺴﻤﹾﻟﺍ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻢﺳﺍ ﺔﺳﺭﺪﻤﹾﻟﺍ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻢﺳﺍ )ﺴﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﱃﺇ ﺍﻮﺒﻫﹶﺫﺪﹺﺠ (ﺃﺪﺘﺒﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﺮﺒﺧ ﹸﺔﻴﻠﻌﻔﹾﻟﺍ ﹸﺔﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ )ﺔﺳﺭﺪﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﱃﺇ ﺖﺒﻫﹶﺫ(ﺃﺪﺘﺒﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﺮﺒﺧ ﹸﺔﻴﻠﻌﻔﹾﻟﺍ ﹸﺔﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ
 
Their father IS the IMAM of this mosque.
ﺪﹺﺠﺴﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻡﺎﻣﹺﺇ ﻢﻫﻮﺑﹶﺃ
These men AREfarmers from myvillage.
ِﺀﻻﺆﻫﻲﺘﻳﺮﹶﻗ ﻦﻣ ﹶﻥﻮﺣﱠﻼﹶﻓ ﹸﻝﺎﺟﺮﻟﺍ
ﺏﹶﺃ=ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ِﺀﻻﺆﻫ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ ﺓﺭﺎﺷِﻹﺍ ﻢﺳﺍ
 
ﻢﻫ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ
 
ﹸﻝﺎﺟﺮﻟﺍ=ﹲﻝﺪﺑ ﻡﺎﻣﹺﺇ=ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ﺮﺒﺧ ﹶﻥﻮﺣﱠﻼﹶﻓ=ﺮﺒﺧ
 
ﺍﺬﻫ=ﻀﻣ ﺓﺭﺎﺷِﻹﺍ ﻢﺳﺍﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎ ﻦﻣ=ﺮﺟ ﻑﺮﺣ ﺪﹺﺠﺴﻤﹾﻟﺍ=ﹲﻝﺪﺑ ﺖﻳﺮﹶﻗ=ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻢﺳﺍ
Those tallmen AREnewengineers.
 
ﻭﹸﺃﺩﺪﺟ ﹶﻥﻮﺳﺪﻨﻬﻣ ﹸﻝﺍﻮﱢﻄﻟﺍ ﹸﻝﺎﺟﺮﻟﺍ ﻚﺌﻟ
ﻱ=ﻪﻴﹶﻟﺇ ﻑﺎﻀﻣ ﹺﻢﱢﻠﹶﻜﺘﻤﹾﻟﺍ ُﺀﺎﻳ ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻚﺌﻟﻭﹸﺃ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ ﺓﺭﺎﺷِﻹﺍ ﻢﺳﺍ
 
The new studentsWENT to therestaurant.
ﹺﻢﻌﹾﻄﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﱃﺇ ﻦﺒﻫﹶﺫ ﺩﺪﺠﹾﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﻟﺎﱠﻄﻟﺍ
 
ﹸﻝﺎﺟﺮﻟﺍ=ﹲﻝﺪﺑ
 
ﺕﺎﺒﻟﺎﱠﻄﻟﺍ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ
 
ﹸﻝﺍﻮﱢﻄﻟﺍ=ﺖﻌﻧ ﺩﺪﺠﹾﻟﺍ=ﺖﻌﻧ ﹶﻥﻮﺳﺪﻨﻬﻣ=ﺮﺒﺧ ﹶﺫﺐﻫ=ﹴﺽﺎﻣ ﹲﻞﻌﻓ
 
ﺩﺪﺟ=ﺖﻌﻧ ﹶﻥ=ﹲﻞﻋﺎﻓ)ﻦﻫ(
These young men AREbrothers .
ﹲﺓﻮﺧﺍ ﹸﺔﻴﺘﻔﹾﻟﺍ ِﺀﻻﺆﻫ
ﱃﺇ=ﺮﺟ ﻑﺮﺣ ِﺀﻻﺆﻫ=ﹲﺃﺪﺘﺒﻣ ﺓﺭﺎﺷِﻹﺍ ﻢﺳﺍ
 
ﹺﻢﻌﹾﻄﻤﹾﻟﺍ=ﺭﻭﺮﺠﻣ ﻢﺳﺍ ﹸﺔﻴﺘﻔﹾﻟﺍ=ﹲﻝﺪﺑ
 
)ﺒﻫﹶﺫﹺﻢﻌﹾﻄﻤﹾﻟﺍ ﱃﺇ ﻦ (ﺃﺪﺘﺒﳌﺍ ﺮﺒﺧ ﹸﺔﻴﻠﻌﻔﹾﻟﺍ ﹸﺔﹶﻠﻤﺠﹾﻟﺍ
 
ﹲﺓﻮﺧﺍ=ﺮﺒﺧ
 

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